Crewe Green

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Coordinates: 53°05′41″N 2°24′32″W / 53.094743°N 2.408828°W / 53.094743; -2.408828

Crewe Green
Crewe Hall (front+gate).jpg
Crewe Hall
Crewe Green is located in Cheshire
Crewe Green
Crewe Green
 Crewe Green shown within Cheshire
Population 140 [1]
OS grid reference SJ726553
Civil parish Crewe Green
Unitary authority Cheshire East
Ceremonial county Cheshire
Region North West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town CREWE
Postcode district CW1 5
Dialling code 01270
Police Cheshire
Fire Cheshire
Ambulance North West
EU Parliament North West England
UK Parliament Crewe and Nantwich
List of places
UK
England
Cheshire

Crewe Green is a small village and civil parish in the unitary authority of Cheshire East and the ceremonial county of Cheshire, England. The village lies 1½ miles to the east of the centre of Crewe. The parish also includes a dispersed settlement of houses and farms called Slaughter Hill, the Jacobean mansion of Crewe Hall, and the industrial estates of Crewe Hall Enterprise Park and Crewe Hall Farm.[2][3][4] Nearby villages include Haslington and Stowford.

According to the 2001 census, the parish had a population of 140.[1]

History[edit]

Crewe Green, then known as Crewe, was originally a township within the ancient parish of Barthomley. In the 12th and 13th centuries, it was the seat of the de Crewe (or de Criwa) family.[5] The manor passed to the de Praers family of Barthomley by the marriage of Johanna de Crewe to Richard de Praers in 1319.[6] Later in the 14th century it passed to the Fouleshurst (or Foulehurst) family, who held the manor jointly with Barthomley until around 1575.[6] Sir Randolph Crewe purchased the manor in 1608, and it was held by various branches of the Crewe family until 1936, when most of the land was sold to the Duchy of Lancaster.[6] The present Crewe Hall was built for Sir Randolph and dates from 1615–36.[7]

Crewe Green was made a separate ecclesiastical parish in 1857, and a separate civil parish in 1866. It also lay within Nantwich Hundred, Nantwich Poor Law Union, and Nantwich Rural Sanitary District. Later on it was part of Nantwich rural district. Changes to its boundaries were made in 1936, which included the transfer of Crewe railway station from the civil parish to the municipal borough of Crewe, adjacent to it.[5][8] In 1974 local government re-organisation saw it become part of the borough of Crewe and Nantwich. The parish was also renamed in 1974 from Crewe to Crewe Green to avoid confusion with the neighbouring borough.[2]

Governance[edit]

From 1974 the civil parish was served by Crewe and Nantwich Borough Council, which was succeeded on 1 April 2009 by the new unitary authority of Cheshire East .[9] Crewe Green falls in the parliamentary constituency of Crewe and Nantwich,[10] which has been represented by Edward Timpson since a by-election in 2008.

Geography[edit]

The Crewe–Alsager railway line and the B5077 road run east–west through the parish, and the Crewe and Nantwich Circular Walk runs north–south through it. Valley Brook (also known as the River Waldron) runs through the civil parish, as does Englesea Brook, which joins the Valley Brook about 300 metres (980 ft) south of the parish church, after having formed the boundary between Crewe Green and the unparished area that comprises the town of Crewe. For a short distance, the boundary then follows Valley Brook.[11] The majority of the gardens and parkland of Crewe Hall are located within the civil parish; 201 hectares (497 acres) are listed by the National Register of Historic Parks and Gardens at grade II. They contain deciduous woodland including Rookery Wood and Temple of Peace Wood.[4][12]

Landmarks[edit]

St Michael and All Angels Church stands in Crewe Green village.[2] The grade-I-listed Jacobean mansion of Crewe Hall, now a hotel and restaurant, is located at SJ733540.[7] Several other listed buildings on the Crewe Hall estate fall within the civil parish, including the stables quadrangle of the hall, which dates from around 1636 and is listed at grade II*.[13]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Neighbourhood Statistics: Crewe Green CP (parish), Office for National Statistics, retrieved 12 August 2007 
  2. ^ a b c Crewe (near Wynbunbury), GENUKI: UK & Ireland Genealogy, retrieved 14 August 2007 
  3. ^ Ordnance Survey (2005).SJ 739 5548 (British national grid reference system)
  4. ^ a b Interactive Mapping: Crewe Hall, Cheshire County Council, retrieved 9 February 2009 
  5. ^ a b Curran et al. (1984, p. 2)
  6. ^ a b c Speake R, Speake J. (1996) A comparison of Audley, Barthomley and Betley: their differences and similarities as revealed in three local studies. Audley Historian (Vol. 2) (ISBN 0-9529494-0-7)., Audley and District Family History Society, retrieved 2009-01-18 
  7. ^ a b Images of England: Crewe Hall, English Heritage, retrieved 11 March 2008 
  8. ^ Youngs (1991, p. 16)
  9. ^ Cheshire (Structural Changes) Order 2008
  10. ^ Interactive Mapping: Crewe and Nantwich, Cheshire County Council, retrieved 27 January 2009 
  11. ^ Ordnance Survey (2005).SJ 727 550 (British national grid reference system)
  12. ^ U.K. Database of Historic Parks and Gardens: Crewe Hall, University of York, retrieved 12 March 2008 
  13. ^ Images of England: Former Stables at Crewe Hall, English Heritage, retrieved 14 March 2008 

References[edit]

  • Curran, H; Gilsenan, M; Owen, B; Owen, J (1984), Change at Crewe, Chester: Cheshire Libraries and Museums 
  • Ordnance Survey (2005), Crewe & Nantwich (Whitchurch & Tattenhall): Sheet 257, Southampton: Ordnance Survey 
  • Youngs, F. A. (1991), Guide to the local administrative units of England. (Volume II: Northern England), London: Royal Historical Society, ISBN 0-86193-127-0 

External links[edit]