Crewe and Nantwich (UK Parliament constituency)

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Crewe and Nantwich
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Crewe and Nantwich in Cheshire.
Outline map
Location of Cheshire within England.
County Cheshire
Electorate 78,845 (December 2010)[1]
Current constituency
Created 1983
Member of Parliament Edward Timpson (Conservative)
Number of members One
Created from Crewe and Nantwich
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency North West England

Crewe and Nantwich is a constituency in Cheshire[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2008 by Edward Timpson of the Conservative Party.[n 2]

History[edit]

The constituency was created for the 1983 General Election. For 25 years the constituency elected the Labour MP Gwyneth Dunwoody. Dunwoody gained increasing majorities in the elections of 1987, 1992 and 1997. Her majority was slightly reduced in the 2001 and 2005 elections. Gwyneth Dunwoody died on 17 April 2008 leading to a by-election held on 22 May 2008 which was won by the Conservative candidate Edward Timpson.[2][3][4][5]

The by-election produced the first Conservative MP for the seat and nationally the first gain for a Conservative at a parliamentary by-election since the Mitcham and Morden by-election in 1982 during the Falklands War, and the first from Labour since the Ilford North by-election of 1978.

Boundaries[edit]

The constituency was created from parts of the constituencies of Crewe and Nantwich. Crewe had elected Labour MPs since 1945, while Nantwich had only elected Conservative MPs since its creation in 1955.

The boundaries of the constituency include the towns of Crewe and Nantwich in the unitary authority of Cheshire East; however, much of the rural area west of Nantwich, and parts of the north of the town of Crewe around Leighton Hospital are in the Eddisbury constituency. Part of Delamere Forest is included in its area.

Latest boundary review[edit]

In 2007 the Boundary Commission's review led to minor changes to the existing arrangement as a consequence of population change. The electoral wards included in this modified constituency were (as at 12 April 2005):

The changes were approved in 2007 and came into effect at the 2010 general election.[7]

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member[8] Party
1983 Gwyneth Dunwoody Labour
2008 by-election Edward Timpson Conservative

Elections[edit]

General Election 2015: Crewe and Nantwich [9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Adrian Heald [10]
UKIP Richard Lee[11]
Conservative Edward Timpson
Liberal Democrat Roy Wood[12]
Election Political result Candidate Party Votes % ±%
General Election, May 2010 [13]
Turnout: 51,084 (65.9%) +6.0
Conservative hold
Majority: 6,046 (11.8%)
Swing: 13.7% from Lab to Con
Edward Timpson Conservative 23,420 45.8 +12.9
David Williams Labour 17,374 34.0 −14.4
Roy Wood Liberal Democrat 7,656 15.0 −3.7
James Clutton UKIP 1,414 2.8 N/A
Phil Williams BNP 1,043 2.0 N/A
Mike Parsons Independent 177 0.3 N/A
By-election, May 2008 [4][5]
death of Gwyneth Dunwoody
Turnout: 41,498 (58.2%) −2.0
Conservative gain from Labour
Majority: 7,860 (18.9%) +2.6
Swing: 17.6% from Lab to Con
Edward Timpson Conservative 20,539 49.5 +16.9
Tamsin Dunwoody Labour 12,679 30.6 −18.3
Elizabeth Shenton Liberal Democrat 6,040 14.6 −4.0
Mike Nattrass UKIP 922 2.2 N/A
Robert Smith Green 359 0.9 N/A
David Roberts English Democrats 275 0.7 N/A
The Flying Brick Monster Raving Loony 236 0.6 N/A
Mark Walklate Independent 217 0.5 N/A
Paul Thorogood Cut Tax on Diesel and Petrol 118 0.3 N/A
Gemma Garrett Independent 113 0.3 N/A
General Election, May 2005 [14]
Turnout: 43,485 (60.0%) −0.2
Labour hold
Majority: 7,078 (16.3%)
Swing: 3.8% from Lab to Con
Gwyneth Dunwoody Labour 21,240 48.8 −5.5
Eveleigh Moore-Dutton Conservative 14,162 32.6 +2.2
Paul Roberts Liberal Democrat 8,083 18.6 +5.1
General election, June 2001 [14]
Electorate: 69,040
Turnout: 41,547 (60.2%) −13.7
Labour hold
Majority: 9,906 (23.9%)
Swing: −3.7% from Lab to Con
Gwyneth Dunwoody Labour 22,556 54.3 −3.9
Donald Potter Conservative 12,650 30.4 +3.5
David Cannon Liberal Democrat 5,595 13.5 +1.7
Roger Croston UKIP 746 1.8 N/A
General election, May 1997 [14]
Electorate: 68,472
Turnout: 73.7% (−8.2)
Labour hold
Majority: 15,798
Swing: 13.4% from Con to Lab
Gwyneth Dunwoody Labour 29,460 58.2 +12.5
Michael Loveridge Conservative 13,662 27.0 −14.3
David Cannon Liberal Democrat 5,940 11.7 −0.2
Peter Astbury Referendum Party 1,543 3.0 N/A
General election, April 1992 [14][15]
Electorate: 74,993
Turnout: 61,401 (81.9%) +2.6
Labour hold
Majority: 2,695 (4.4%) +2.5
Swing: 1.3% from Con to Lab
Gwyneth Dunwoody Labour 28,065 45.7 +1.7
Brian Silvester Conservative 25,370 41.3 −0.8
Gwyn Griffiths Liberal Democrat 7,315 11.9 −2.0
Natalie Wilkinson Green 651 1.1 N/A
General election, June 1987 [16]
Electorate: 72,961
Turnout: 57.844 (79.3%) +4.6
Labour hold
Majority: 1,092 (1.9%) +1.4
Gwyneth Dunwoody Labour 25,457 44.0 +2.9
Angela Browning Conservative 24,365 42.1 +1.5
Kenneth Roberts Social Democratic 8,022 13.9 −4.4
General election, June 1983 [17]
New constituency
Electorate: 71,787
Turnout: 53,592 (74.7%)
Labour win
Majority: 290 (0.6%)
Gwyneth Dunwoody Labour 22,031 41.1 N/A
Patrick Rock Conservative 21,741 30.8 N/A
John Pollard Social Democratic 9,820 18.3 N/A

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
References
  1. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ "MP Gwyneth Dunwoody dies aged 77". BBC News. 17 April 2008. 
  3. ^ "By-election to replace veteran MP". BBC News. 29 April 2008. 
  4. ^ a b Watt, Nicholas (23 May 2008). "Conservatives win Crewe and Nantwich byelection with 7,860 majority". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 23 May 2008. 
  5. ^ a b "Tories snatch Crewe from Labour". BBC News. 23 May 2008. Retrieved 23 May 2008. Tory candidate Edward Timpson won 7,860 more votes than his Labour rival, overturning a 7,000 Labour majority at the general election - a 17.6% swing. 
  6. ^ The borough of Crewe and Nantwich and its constituent wards were abolished on 1 April 2009, when they became part of the new unitary authority; however, the boundaries of the parliamentary constituency remain fixed according to the wards in operation at 12 April 2005
  7. ^ The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 2007, S.I. 2007/1681
  8. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "C" (part 6)[self-published source][better source needed]
  9. ^ http://ukpollingreport.co.uk/2015guide/creweandnantwich/
  10. ^ http://electionresults.blogspot.co.uk/2013/04/crewe-nantwich-2015.html
  11. ^ http://www.crewechronicle.co.uk/news/crewe-south-cheshire-news/ukip-announced-richard-lee-been-7524257
  12. ^ http://www.libdems.org.uk/roy_wood
  13. ^ General Election 2010 - Crewe and Nantwich BBC News
  14. ^ a b c d "Aristotle: Crewe and Nantwich", Guardian Unlimited
  15. ^ "UK General Election results April 1992". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 December 2010. 
  16. ^ "UK General Election results June 1987". Political Science Resources. 
  17. ^ "UK General Election results June 1983". Political Science Resources. 

Coordinates: 53°5′N 2°29′W / 53.083°N 2.483°W / 53.083; -2.483