Crichton is a small village in Midlothian, Scotland, around 2 miles south of Pathhead and the same east of Gorebridge. The name is derived from the Gaelic word crioch, which means border, and the Old English word tune which means farm or settlement.
To the west of the village is the 15th-century parish church, formerly a collegiate church, established by William Crichton, 1st Lord Crichton, who served as Lord Chancellor of Scotland from 1439 to 1453. To the south of the church is Crichton Castle, begun in the late 14th century by William's father John de Crichton, and featuring a fine 16th-century Italianate courtyard façade.
- Patrick Hanks; Flavia Hodges. A Dictionary of Surnames. Oxford University Press.
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