Cricklade (UK Parliament constituency)

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Wiltshire, North or Cricklade Division
Former County constituency
for the House of Commons
18851918
Number of members one
Cricklade
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
1295–1885
Number of members two

Cricklade was a parliamentary constituency named after the town of Cricklade in Wiltshire.

From 1295 until the general election of 1885, Cricklade was a parliamentary borough, returning two members of parliament (MPs) to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, previously to the House of Commons of England.

Initially this consisted of only the town of Cricklade, but from 1782 the vote was extended to the surrounding countryside as a punishment for the borough's corruption. The extended area came to include the village of Swindon, which later grew into a large town with the coming of the railways in the 19th century.

From the 1885 general election the borough was abolished, but the name was transferred to a county division of Wiltshire covering much the same area, and electing a single MP. This constituency was abolished for the 1918 general election, being mostly replaced by the new Swindon constituency.

Members of Parliament[edit]

1295-1640[edit]

  • Constituency created 1295
Parliament First member Second member
1386 John Andrew Andrew Jones[1]
1388 (Feb) John Andrew Thomas Weston[1]
1388 (Sep)
1390 (Jan)  ?John Crouch  ?William Plomer[1]
1399 Robert Andrew John Ferrour[1]
1413 (May) Thomas Cricklade Robert Newman[1]
1421 (Dec) [Thomas] Cricklade Geoffrey Cowbridge[1]
1442 John Long
1427 John Bailey[2]
1510 Sir Andrew Windsor
1529 Robert Curzon William Rede[3]
1547 John Winchcombe alias Smallwood John Walshe[3]
1553 (Mar)  ?
1553 (Oct) Thomas Parker William Badger[3]
1554 (Apr) William Hampshire John Tunks[3]
1554 (Nov) Thomas Parker John Rede[3]
1555 Sir Nicholas Poyntz George Huntley[3]
1558 William Hampshire John Marmion[3]
1559 Sir Walter Denys John Astley[4]
1562/3 Nicholas St John Anthony Throckmorton[4]
1571 Sir Nicholas Arnold Giles Brydges[4]
1572 William Brydges John Higford[4]
1584 Rowland Leigh Richard Smith[4]
1586 John Higford Richard Delabere[4]
1588/9 George Snigge Thomas Smith[4]
1593 Henry Noel John Pleydell[4]
1597 Sir George Gifford Grey Brydges[4][5]
1601 Sir George Gifford Robert Master[4]
1604–1611 Sir John Hungerford Sir Henry Poole
1614 Sir Thomas Monson Sir John Eyre
1621–1622 Sir Thomas Howard Sir Carew Reynell
1624 Sir William Howard Sir Neville Poole
1625 Sir William Howard Edward Dowse
1626 Sir William Howard Sir Robert Hyde
1628 Robert Jenner Sir Edward Hungerford[6]
1629–1640 No Parliaments summoned

1640-1885[edit]

Year 1st Member 1st Party 2nd Member 2nd Party
April 1640 ?
November 1640 Robert Jenner Parliamentarian Thomas Hodges Parliamentarian
December 1648 Jenner excluded in Pride's Purge - seat vacant Hodges not recorded as having sat after Pride's Purge
1653 Cricklade was unrepresented in the Barebones Parliament and the First and Second Parliaments of the Protectorate
January 1659 Edward Poole John Hawkins
May 1659 Cricklade was unrepresented in the restored Rump
April 1660 Hungerford Dunch Nevil Maskelyne
1661 Sir George Hungerford John Ernle
1679 Hungerford Dunch Edmund Webb
1680 John Pleydell
1681 William Lenthall
1685 Charles Fox
1689 Thomas Freke
1690 Edmund Richmond Webb
1698 Edward Pleydell
1699 Sir Stephen Fox
1701 Edmund Dunch Whig
1702 Thomas Richmond Webb Samuel Barker
1705 Edmund Dunch Whig
1708 James Vernon the younger Whig
1710 Samuel Robinson
1713 Sir Thomas Reade William Gore[7]
1714 Samuel Robinson
1715 Jacob Sawbridge[8]
1721 Hon. Matthew Ducie Moreton
1722 Thomas Gore
1727 Christopher Tilson
1734 William Gore
1739 Charles Gore
1741 Welbore Ellis
1747 William Rawlinson Earle Lieutenant-Colonel John Gore
1754 Thomas Gore
1761 Arnold Nesbitt
1768 Hon. George Damer Lieutenant-Colonel Sir Robert Fletcher
1774 William Earle Arnold Nesbitt
1775 Samuel Peach[9]
1776 John Dewar
1779 John Macpherson[10]
1780 Paul Benfield
1782 Hon. George St John
1784[11] Charles Westley Coxe Robert Adamson
1785 John Walker-Heneage Robert Nicholas
1790 Thomas Estcourt
1794 Lord Porchester
1806 Thomas Goddard
1811 William Herbert
1812 Joseph Pitt Thomas Calley Whig
1818 Robert Gordon Whig
1831 Thomas Calley Whig
1835 John Neeld Conservative
1837 Ambrose Goddard Conservative
1841 Hon. Henry Howard Whig
1847 Ambrose Lethbridge Goddard Conservative
1859 Lord Ashley Liberal
1865 Sir Daniel Gooch Conservative
1868 Hon. Frederick Cadogan Liberal
1874 Ambrose Lethbridge Goddard Conservative
1880 Mervin Herbert Nevil Story-Maskelyne Liberal
1885 Borough abolished - replaced by county constituency returning one member

1885-1918[edit]

Election Member Party
1885 Nevil Story Maskelyne Liberal
1886 Liberal Unionist
1892 John Husband Liberal
1895 Alfred Hopkinson Liberal Unionist
1898 by-election Lord Edmond FitzMaurice Liberal
1906 John Massie Liberal
January 1910 Thomas Charles Pleydell Calley Liberal Unionist
December 1910 Richard Cornthwaite Lambert Liberal
1918 constituency abolished: see Swindon

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

General Election 1885: Cricklade[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Mervyn Herbert Nevil Story Maskelyne 4,541 62.1
Conservative W. Stone 2,770 37.9
Majority 1,771 24.2
Turnout 81.0
Liberal win
General Election 1886: Cricklade[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Unionist Mervyn Herbert Nevil Story Maskelyne 3,401 53.7
Liberal Benjamin Francis Conn Costelloe 1,683 26.6
Independent Liberal Sir John Bennett 1,247 19.7
Majority 1,718 27.1
Turnout 70.1
Liberal Unionist gain from Liberal Swing
  • Costelloe had contested the previous general election as a Conservative.

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

General Election 1892: Cricklade[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal John Husband 4,569 56.1
Conservative Mervyn Herbert Nevil Story Maskelyne 3,571 43.9
Majority 998 12.2
Turnout 77.1
Liberal gain from Liberal Unionist Swing
Alfred Hopkinson
General Election 1895: Cricklade[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Unionist Alfred Hopkinson 4,679 50.5 -6.6
Liberal Edmond George Petty-Fitzmaurice 4,580 49.5 +6.6
Majority 99 1.0 13.2
Turnout 84.2
Liberal Unionist gain from Liberal Swing +6.6
Viscount Emlyn
Cricklade by-election, 1898[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Edmond George Petty-Fitzmaurice 5,624 52.3
Conservative Frederick Archibald Vaughan Campbell, Viscount Emlyn 5,135 47.7
Majority 489 4.6
Turnout 90.3
Liberal gain from Liberal Unionist Swing

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

Arnold Ward
General Election 1900: Cricklade[17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Edmond George Petty-Fitzmaurice 5,754 53.9 +1.6
Conservative Maj. E. St. C. Pemberton 4,920 46.1 -1.6
Majority 834 7.8 +3.2
Turnout 85.8 -4.5
Liberal hold Swing +1.6
John Massie
General Election 1906: Cricklade[18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal John Massie 7,294 56.1 +2.2
Conservative Arnold Sandwith Ward 5,716 43.9 -2.2
Majority 1,578 12.2 +4.4
Turnout 90.4
Liberal hold Swing +2.2

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

Thomas Calley
General Election January 1910: Cricklade[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Unionist Thomas Charles Pleydell Calley 7,389 52.2 +8.3
Liberal John Massie 6,754 47.8 -8.3
Majority 635 4.4 16.6
Turnout 93.0 +2.6
Liberal Unionist gain from Liberal Swing +8.3
R.C. Lambert
General Election December 1910: Cricklade[20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Richard Cornthwaite Lambert 6,937 50.5 +2.7
Liberal Unionist Thomas Charles Pleydell Calley 6,809 49.5 -2.7
Majority 128 1.0 5.4
Turnout 90.4
Liberal gain from Liberal Unionist Swing +2.7

General Election 1914/15:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f "History of Parliament". History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 1 November 2011. 
  2. ^ http://www.historyofparliamentonline.org/volume/1386-1421/member/bailey-john-1436
  3. ^ a b c d e f g "History of Parliament". History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 1 November 2011. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "History of Parliament". History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 1 November 2011. 
  5. ^  "Brydges, Grey". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900. 
  6. ^ Wroughton, John. "Hungerford, Sir Edward". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/14173.  (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  7. ^ Gore was also elected for Colchester, which he chose to represent, and never sat for Cricklade
  8. ^ Sawbridge was expelled from the House for his role in the South Sea Bubble
  9. ^ A by-election was held in December 1774 after the death of William Earle, but the result was disputed and the Returning Officer made a double return, naming both Samuel Peach and John Dewar. The Commons declared the election void, and a second election was held; Peach was initially declared elected but on petition the result was reversed and Dewar took his seat.
  10. ^ On petition, Macpherson's election in 1779 was declared void and a new writ issued, but he was re-elected in the by-election. At the general election of 1780 he was again elected and his opponent again entered a petition. On investigation the Committee reported that "instances of the most notorious bribery had occurred"; the House voted that neither Macpherson nor his opponent Samuel Petrie were duly elected, and shortly afterwards passed an Act to extend the right of voting in Cricklade to the surrounding hundreds.
  11. ^ On petition the result of the election of 1784 was reversed, Coxe and Adamson being declared not duly elected and Heneage and Nicholas being seated in their place
  12. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  13. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  14. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  15. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  16. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  17. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  18. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  19. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  20. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)

References[edit]

  • Robert Beatson, A Chronological Register of Both Houses of Parliament (London: Longman, Hurst, Res & Orme, 1807) [1]
  • D Brunton & D H Pennington, Members of the Long Parliament (London: George Allen & Unwin, 1954)
  • Cobbett's Parliamentary history of England, from the Norman Conquest in 1066 to the year 1803 (London: Thomas Hansard, 1808) [2]
  • F W S Craig, "British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885" (2nd edition, Aldershot: Parliamentary Research Services, 1989)
  • J E Neale, The Elizabethan House of Commons (London: Jonathan Cape, 1949)
  • Edward Porritt and Annie G Porritt, The Unreformed House of Commons (Cambridge University Press, 1903)
  • Frederic A Youngs, jr, Guide to the Local Administrative Units of England, Vol I (London: Royal Historical Society, 1979)
  • Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "C" (part 6)[self-published source][better source needed]