Crime in Louisiana

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This article refers to crime in the state of Louisiana.

State statistics[edit]

In 2011 there were 194,150 crimes reported in Louisiana, including 513 murders, 1,260 forcible rapes and 168,744 property crimes. Property crimes include burglary, larceny/theft and motor vehicle theft.[1] Louisiana has the highest incarceration rate among U.S. states. In 2011, Louisiana's prison population stood at 39,710 for an incarceration rate of 867 per 100,000 persons.[2]

Homicide statistics[edit]

Louisiana has a high per capita murder rate, leading all states for 24 consecutive years (1989–2012) according to Bureau of Justice Statistics.[citation needed] Louisiana averaged 14.0 murders per 100,000, compared to the U.S. average of 6.7 murders per 100,000 from 1989- 2012.[citation needed]

Louisiana murder rates per 100,000

[3] [4]

Year Murder rate Year Murder rate
1989 14.9 2001 11.2
1990 17.2 2002 13.2
1991 16.9 2003 13.0
1992 17.4 2004 12.7
1993 20.3 2005 10.0
1994 19.8 2006 13.1
1995 17.0 2007 14.7
1996 17.5 2008 12.3
1997 15.7 2009 11.8
1998 12.8 2010 11.2
1999 10.7 2011 11.2
2000 12.5 2012 10.8

Crime statistics: 1995–2011 (non-homicide)[edit]

Crime totals by offense in the state of Louisiana from 1995 through 2011 as recorded by the FBI's Uniform Crime Reports.[3]

Year Population Total    Violent Property
Crimes
Forcible rape Robbery Aggravated
assault
Burglary Larceny
Theft
Vehicle
Theft
1995 4,342,000 289,873 43,741 246,132 1,855 11,662 29,484 53,481 166,667 25,984
1996 4,351,000 297,556 40,426 257,130 1,805 12,036 25,823 56,379 173,271 27,480
1997 4,352,000 280,671 37,248 243,423 1,799 10,407 24,360 53,935 163,114 26,374
1998 4,369,000 266,435 34,057 232,378 1,609 8,651 23,237 51,210 157,507 23,661
1999 4,372,000 251,252 32,033 219,219 1,448 7,591 22,526 47,775 149,749 21,695
2000 4,468,976 242,344 30,440 211,904 1,497 7,532 20,851 46,289 144,345 21,270
2001 4,465,430 238,371 30,678 207,693 1,403 7,864 20,910 46,451 139,555 21,687
2002 4,482,646 228,528 29,690 198,838 1,529 7,123 20,445 45,350 133,302 20,186
2003 4,493,665 222,320 28,622 193,698 1,601 7,008 19,429 44,572 129,471 19,655
2004 4,515,770 227,997 28,844 199,153 1,616 6,564 20,090 45,359 134,080 19,714
2005 4,523,628 193,500 26,889 166,611 1,421 5,337 19,681 39,382 112,840 14,389
2006 4,287,768 201,158 29,919 171,239 1,562 5,729 22,098 44,986 110,613 15,640
2007 4,293,204 206,308 31,317 174,991 1,393 6,083 23,233 44,602 115,209 15,180
2008 4,410,796 197,574 28,944 168,630 1,232 5,994 21,191 43,320 111,567 13,743
2009 4,492,076 198,305 27,849 170,456 1,359 6,105 19,855 46,246 112,493 11,717
2010 4,533,372 190,243 24,886 165,357 1,233 5,211 17,932 45,435 110,029 9,893
2011 4,574,836 194,150 25,406 168,744 1,268 5,239 18,386 46,320 113,301 9,123

By Location[edit]

New Orleans[edit]

In 2011 there were 16,761 crimes in New Orleans including 200 murders, 163 forcible rapes and 14,013 property crimes.[5] With a murder rate of 57.6 per 100,000, New Orleans had the highest murder rate of any U.S. city with a population of 100,000 or more in 2011[6] and ranked 21st in the world.[7] New Orleans has held the distinction of having the highest murder rate of any major American city in 2000 (42.1 per 100,000 people) 2001 (44.0 per 100,000) 2002 (53.1 per 100,000) 2003 (57.7 per 100,000) 2004 (56.0 per 100,000) 2006 (70 per 100,000) 2007 (81 per 100,000) 2008 (63.6 per 100,000) 2009 (52 per 100,000) 2010 (51 per 100,000) and 2011 {57.6 per 100,000} as well. The city has had an annual murder rate at least seven times the national average for the past 30 years.The city's 58 per 100,000 average annual murder rate from 1990-2012 is nearly 20% higher than any other major U.S. city.[8][9] New Orleans had the eighth highest crime rate in the U.S. in 2011 for cities of 100,000 to 499,000 population.[10] As of September 2011, the NOPD has 1,353 sworn officers.[11]

Baton Rouge[edit]

In 2011 there were 15,134 crimes committed in Baton Rouge including 64 murders, 51 forcible rapes and 12,666 property crimes. The murder rate in Baton Rouge for 2011 was the 8th highest in the nation among large cities at 27.6 per 100,000.[5][12] Baton Rouge also had the 25th highest violent crime rate in the U.S. in 2011 with a rate of 1,065.7 violent crimes per 100,000, surpassing New Orleans at 792 per 100,000.[13] The Baton Rouge Police Department currently employs 789 police personnel (police officers, dispatchers and specialty positions).[14]

Capital punishment laws[edit]

Capital punishment is applied in Louisiana. Executions are carried out by lethal injection at the Louisiana State Penitentiary (Also known as Angola) and the Louisiana Correctional Institute for Women at St. Gabriel.[15]

The first recorded execution in Louisiana occurred on September 24, 1722 when an unnamed man was hanged for theft.[16] The most recent execution took place on January 7, 2010 when Gerald J. Bordelon was put to death for the murder of his stepdaughter, Courtney Leblanc. It was the first execution in Louisiana since 2002[17]

On June 29, 1972 the U.S. Supreme Court issued a ruling in Furman v. Georgia which halted capital punishment in the United States. Prior to this moratorium, however, Louisiana had not carried out an execution since Jesse James Ferguson was put to death in 1961.[18] Capital punishment was reinstated in Louisiana in 1976 following the U.S. Supreme Court decision in Gregg v. Georgia. The first execution to occur in the state following the lifting of the moratorium was on December 14, 1983 when Robert W. Williams was electrocuted.[18] In total, Louisiana has executed 660 people. Eight convicted death row inmates have been exonerated in Louisiana since 1976.[15]

Notable criminals[edit]

References[edit]