Crime in Poland

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Crime in Poland is lower than in many countries of Europe.[1]

Crime dynamics[edit]

Surveys in 2005 placed Poland below the European average, with crime victimisation rates lower than in Ireland, England and Wales, Iceland, Northern Ireland, Estonia, Netherlands, Denmark, Switzerland, Belgium, Sweden and Norway.[2]

Newer studies (2009) report that the crime victimisation rate in Poland is constantly decreasing, and in 2008 Poland was 25th among 36 European countries.[3][4] A 2004 report on security concerns of European Union residents indicated that the Polish public is the most afraid of crime (along with Greece), a finding which does not correlate with the actual crime threat.[5]

By location[edit]

The crime rate is the highest in Upper Silesia district, where both earnings and unemployment is highest and the number of social deviations is growing.

Polish cities[edit]

List of Polish cities most affected by crime.[6]

No. City Number of crimes
per 100,000 inhabitants
1. Katowice 7063,7
2. Chorzów 6733,3
3. Legnica 6361,5
4. Kalisz 6228,2
5. Gdańsk 6133,7
6. Poznań 6109,2
7. Wrocław 5983,4
8. Kraków 5974,2
9. Kielce 5926,6
10. Gliwice 5733,5
11. Opole 5649,8
12. Włocławek 5626,9
13. Warszawa 5353,2
14. Bytom 5332,5
15. Elbląg 5328,1
16. Zielona Góra 5193,2
17. Tarnów 5187,3
18. Gorzów Wielkopolski 5156,6
19. Szczecin 5120,9
20. Toruń 5120,2
21. Łódź 5116,4
22. Sosnowiec 5051,7
23. Bielsko-Biała 4969,1
24. Lublin 4968,7
25. Zabrze 4808,8
26. Wałbrzych 4710,2
27. Dąbrowa Górnicza 4690,8
28. Radom 4670,1
29. Bydgoszcz 4515,1
30. Rybnik 4500,7
31. Gdynia 4328,1
32. Olsztyn 4317
33. Koszalin 4004,7
34. Ruda Śląska 3945,3
35. Rzeszów 3890,9
36. Tychy 3842,7
37. Częstochowa 3786,5
38. Płock 3262,5
39. Białystok 2977

Crime by type[edit]

Organized crime[edit]

While local organized crime in Poland existed during the interwar period, it has mostly developed during the time of fall of communism (late 1980s/1990s) with the introduction of capitalist system in Poland and the lessening of the police (milicja) power.

Corruption[edit]

Main article: Corruption in Poland

Poland ranked 38th in the 175 country listing the Corruption Perception Index for 2013.[7] It is the eighth successive year in which Poland's score and ranking has improved in the Index.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ J. van Dijk, J. van Kesteren, P. Smit, Criminal Victimisation in International Perspective, Key Findings from the 2004-2005 ICVS and EU ICS, WODC 2007
  2. ^ J. van Dijk, J. van Kesteren, P. Smit, Criminal Victimisation in International Perspective, Key Findings from the 2004-2005 ICVS and EU ICS, WODC 2007
  3. ^ A. Siemaszko, B. Gruszczyńska, M. Marczewski Atlas przestępczości w Polsce 4, Instytut Wymiaru Sprawiedliwości, 2009
  4. ^ E. Siedlecka, Lawinowy spadek przestępczości, Gazeta Wyborcza, 2.3.2009
  5. ^ J. van Dijk, R. Manchin, J. van Kesteren, S. Nevala, G. Hideg The Burden of Crime in the EU Research Report: A Comparative Analysis of the European Crime and Safety Survey (EU ICS) 2005
  6. ^ Wprost, June 2006
  7. ^ "Corruption Perceptions Index 2012". Retrieved 3 December 2013. 

Further reading[edit]