Crime in Romania
Crime in Romania is combated by the Romanian Police and other agencies.
Crime in Bucharest is quite low in comparison to other European capital cities, with the number of total offences declining by 51% between 2000 and 2004, and by 7% between 2012 and 2013. Violent and organised crime is quite low (only 16% of total crimes committed), with petty crime and institutional corruption being more widespread.
Crime by type
Crime against tourists
The United States Department of State, Bureau of Diplomatic Security stated in 2010 that: "Most crimes against visitors are limited to crimes of opportunity. Travelers should be aware of scams involving individuals posing as plainclothes police officers; approaches of “quick friendship” at train/subway stations; and pick-pocketing in crowded areas." "Historically, panhandlers – often groups of children - can be very aggressive and have resorted to grabbing/tearing clothing in their efforts to distract and steal from their target."
Due to Romania's entry into the EU, Romania has been forced to improve transparency and accountability in the public sector. However, citizens and businesses still consider the government's reform weak and slow due to poor implementation of laws on transparency of information and decision-making process. The EU Commission's latest Cooperation and Verification Mechanism report has however lauded the National Anticorruption Directorate and various other agencies in improving the fight against corruption, which has recently brought a number of high-profile convictions ranging from a former prime minister and parliamentarians to mayors and businessmen.
- Bucharest Crime Statistics 2000-2004, Bucharest Directorate-General of Police (please see the archived version)
- Romania 2010 Crime & Safety Report, OSAC.Gov. Retrieved June 2011