Consolidated Laws of New York
Title page of volume 1
New York uses a system called "continuous codification" whereby each session law clearly identifies the law and section of the Consolidated Laws affected by its passage. Unlike real codes, the Consolidated Laws are systematic but neither comprehensive nor preemptive, and reference to other laws and case law is often necessary.
Session laws are published in the Laws of New York. There also exist unconsolidated laws, such as the various court acts. Unconsolidiated laws are uncodified, typically due to their local nature, but are otherwise legally binding.
Civil Practice Law and Rules
The Civil Practice Law and Rules (CPLR) is Book 7B of the Consolidated Laws and governs legal procedure in the state's courts such as jurisdiction, venue, and pleadings, as well certain areas of substantive law such as the statute of limitations and joint and several liability.
The official Consolidated Laws were printed by New York only once in 1909–1910. There are 3 comprehensive and unofficial but certified (pursuant to Public Officers Law § 70-b) printed versions of the Consolidated Laws: McKinney's Consolidated Laws of New York Annotated (McKinney's), New York Consolidated Laws Service (CLS), and Gould's Consolidated Laws of New York (Gould's). McKinney's and CLS are annotated, while Gould's is not. The Legislative Retrieval System (LRS) is published under statutory authority and is available online but is not certified. McKinney's is online and searchable on Westlaw and CLS at LexisNexis. Commercial versions of the Consolidated Laws are also available from Loislaw, Looseleaf Law Publications, VersusLaw, Lawprobe, the National Law Library, and QuickLaw. Free unannotated versions are available from FindLaw, the New York State Legislature website, and the free public legislative website (which contains the same information as the LRS).
Unconsolidated laws are available in print from McKinney's, McKinney's Session Laws, and the CLS Unconsolidated laws. Online resources include LexisNexis, WestLaw, the LRS, and the New York Legislative Service, and selected laws can be found online the New York State Legislature website and the free public legislative website.
- Gibson & Manz 2004, p. 30.
- Gibson & Manz 2004, pp. 56–57.
- Gibson & Manz 2004, p. 57.
- Gibson & Manz 2004, pp. 70–71.
- Gibson & Manz 2004, pp. 47–48.
- Gibson & Manz 2004, p. 83.
- Gibson & Manz 2004, p. 72.
- Gibson & Manz 2004, p. 84.
- "Zimmerman's Research Guide - New York Civil Practice Act". LexisNexis. Retrieved 3 September 2014.
- Article 2, Civil Practice Law & Rules
- Article 16, Civil Practice Law & Rules
- Gibson & Manz 2004, p. 74.
- Gibson & Manz 2004, pp. 80–81.
- Gibson & Manz 2004, p. 75.
- Gibson & Manz 2004, pp. 74–75.
- Consolidated Laws from the Legislative Bill Drafting Commission
- Consolidated Laws from FindLaw
- Consolidated Laws from Justia
- Consolidated Laws from Socratek