||The examples and perspective in this article deal primarily with the United Kingdom and do not represent a worldwide view of the subject. (December 2010)|
England and Wales
A Magistrates' Court or Crown Court may award such costs as are "just and reasonable" against an offender. Usually, these are much less than the full economic cost of the prosecution as the court must consider the offender's ability to pay. An exception is the specific case of health and safety prosecutions where the court will award the totality of prosecution costs against the offender.
An acquitted defendant will usually be allowed a Defendant's Costs Order to pay for his defence unless there are special circumstances such as his having acted in such an unreasonable manner as to bring suspicion on himself.
- Prosecution of Offences Act 1985, s.18(1)
- Practice Direction (Costs in Criminal Proceedings)  2 All ER 1070
- Sprack (2006) 29.14
- R v. Associated Octel Ltd (Costs)  EWCA Crim 1237
- Health and Safety Executive (2007). "Costs". Enforcement Guide. Archived from the original on 2008-07-19. Retrieved 2008-04-06.
- Sprack (2006) 29.17
- Access to Justice Act 1999, s.17(2)
- Sprack (2006) 29.11
- Prosecution of Offences Act 1985, s.16
- Sprack (2006) 29.12
- Sprack, J (2006). A Practical Approach to Criminal Procedure (11th ed. ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. pp557–560. ISBN 0-19-929830-0.
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