Crimmitschau

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Crimmitschau
Mannichswalde, which is part of Crimmitschau
Mannichswalde, which is part of Crimmitschau
Coat of arms of Crimmitschau
Coat of arms
Crimmitschau   is located in Germany
Crimmitschau
Crimmitschau
Coordinates: 50°49′5″N 12°23′15″E / 50.81806°N 12.38750°E / 50.81806; 12.38750Coordinates: 50°49′5″N 12°23′15″E / 50.81806°N 12.38750°E / 50.81806; 12.38750
Country Germany
State Saxony
District Zwickau
Subdivisions 13
Government
 • Mayor Holm Günther
Area
 • Total 61.04 km2 (23.57 sq mi)
Elevation 273 m (896 ft)
Population (2012-12-31)[1]
 • Total 19,622
 • Density 320/km2 (830/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 08451
Dialling codes 03762
Vehicle registration Z
Website www.crimmitschau.de

Crimmitschau (German pronunciation: [ˈkʁɪmɪtʃaʊ]) is a town in the district of Zwickau in the Free State of Saxony.

Geography[edit]

Crimmitschau lies on the River Pleiße in the northern foothills of the Erzgebirge.

Neighboring municipalities[edit]

Adjacent communities include: Zwickau, Dennheritz, Neukirchen, Meerane, and Langenbernsdorf in Landkreis of Zwickau; Heyersdorf, Jonaswalde, Ponitz and Thonhausen in Thuringian Landkreis of Altenburger Land; as well as Braunichswalde, Rückersdorf, and Seelingstädt in Thuringia in Landkreis of Greiz.

Municipality subdivisions[edit]

Crimmitschau's subdivisions are Rudelswalde, Lauenhain, Langenreinsdorf, Mannichswalde, Frankenhausen, Wahlen, Gösau, Gosel, Gablenz, Blankenhain, Großpillingsdorf, and Harthau.

History[edit]

In the course of German eastward expansion, the city of Crimmitschau and a castle of the same name (now called the Schweinsburg) were established from around 1170 to 1200 as an organized German colony. The settlement's existence is first documented in 1212. In 1414 Crimmitschau received town privileges from Markgraf Wilhelm II.

On March 15, 1844, Crimmitschau was connected to the German rail network (on the Saxon-Bavarian Railroad, which was later extended to Bavaria)

Around the turn of the century, Crimmitschau was the site of a large concentrated textile industry, and was called "The City of 100 chimneys" (Stadt der 100 Schornsteine).

From August 22, 1903 to January 18, 1904, it was the site of one of the largest and longest strikes in the German Empire, which affected the entire nation.

In 1944, some Crimmitschau property was bombed by Allied Forces.

At the end of the 1980s, a great part of the old and inner cities were torn down and replaced with prefabricated concrete buildings. Similar plans existed for the southern suburb, but were not put in place after the regime change in 1990.

Population[edit]

Population of Crimmitschau
Year Population
1834 03,767
1875 17,649
1880 18,925
1890 19,300
1933 27,938
1939 27,247
1946 30,504
1950 34,541
1960 31,279
1981 26,229
1984 25,086
Year Population
1995 23,888
1997 23,420
1999 23,570
2000 23,305
2002 22,874
2004 22,528
2006 21,953
2008 21.080
2009 20.833
2010 20.901

Religion[edit]

Even though almost 50 percent of the people in the Crimmitschau area are Atheists,[citation needed] there are some Protestant parishs and even a catholic parish, belonging to the Diocese of Dresden-Meissen. The most important churches are: St. Laurentius-Kirche, Johanniskirche, and the Lutherkirche.

International relations[edit]

Crimmitschau is twinned with:

Museums[edit]

  • Western Saxon Textile Museum, which is located in a fully functional textile factory, former known as "Gebrüder Pfau KG"
  • The Agricultural and Open-Air Museum of Schloss Blankenhain

Buildings[edit]

Landmarks include the town hall, the late gothic parish church of Saint Larentus (1513), with its star and cross ribbed arches, a former Cistercian Convent (founded around 1290) in the district of Frankenhausen and the open air museum of Blankenhain Castle located at the castle of the same name.

Music[edit]

Parks[edit]

  • The Zöffelpark, which was built in the pre-war period and named after Emil Oskar Zöffel, an important textile manufacturer and Philanthropist in the history of the city.
  • The Bismarck-Hain, a former cemetery, named after Reichskanzler Otto von Bismarck. This park was known as Friedenspark (Peace-park) during GDR-times.
  • The Sahnpark, located north of the city center, is the largest park in Crimmitschau and harbours an old open-air bath, an animal park and the stadium of ETC Crimmitschau.

Sports[edit]

Crimmitschau has a well-known ice hockey club, the ETC Crimmitschau, which plays in the second highest German league. The city also has a soccer team, FC Crimmitschau and an American Football Team, the Tornados Crimmitschau.

Business and Infrastructure[edit]

The Crimmitschau Train Station

Crimmitschau lies directly at the Autobahn A4 and can be reached through the exits Schmölln and Meerane. The Deutsche Bahn AG provides connections to Zwickau, Leipzig, Hof.

Education[edit]

There are 3 elementary schools (Grundschule), two secondary schools (Mittelschule), a high school (Gymnasium), and a special education school (Förderschule) in Crimmitschau:

  • Käthe-Kollwitz-Grundschule
  • Grundschule Frankenhausen
  • Grundschule Blankenhain
  • Käthe-Kollwitz-Mittelschule
  • Mittelschule Sahnschule
  • Julius-Motteler-Gymnasium
  • Förderschule Lindenschule

Personalities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • The information in this article is based on and/or translated from its German equivalent.

References[edit]

External links[edit]