Crimson Tide (film)

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Crimson Tide
Crimson tide movie poster.jpg
Theatrical release poster
Directed by Tony Scott
Produced by Don Simpson
Jerry Bruckheimer
Screenplay by Michael Schiffer
Quentin Tarantino (uncredited)
Story by Michael Schiffer
Richard P. Henrick
Starring Denzel Washington
Gene Hackman
Music by Hans Zimmer
Cinematography Dariusz Wolski
Edited by Chris Lebenzon
Distributed by Buena Vista Pictures
Release dates
  • May 12, 1995 (1995-05-12)
Running time
116 minutes
Country United States
Language English
Budget $53 million[1]
Box office $157,387,195

Crimson Tide is a 1995 American submarine action film directed by Tony Scott, produced by Don Simpson and Jerry Bruckheimer. It takes place during a period of political turmoil in the Russian Federation, in which ultranationalists threaten to launch nuclear missiles at the United States and Japan. It focuses on a clash of wills between the new executive officer (Denzel Washington) and the seasoned commanding officer (Gene Hackman) of a nuclear missile submarine, arising from conflicting interpretations of an order to launch their missiles. The title is derived from the fact that the nickname of the University of Alabama is the Crimson Tide, and the submarine in the film is named the USS Alabama.

The film was scored by Hans Zimmer, who won a Grammy Award for the main theme, which makes heavy use of synthesizers in place of traditional orchestral instruments.


In post-Soviet Russia, civil war erupts as a result of armed conflict in Chechnya. Military units loyal to Russian ultra-nationalist Vladimir Radchenko, have taken control of a nuclear missile installation and are threatening nuclear war if either the American or Russian governments attempt to confront him.

A U.S. Navy nuclear submarine, the USS Alabama, is assigned to a patrol mission to be available to launch its missiles in a pre-emptive strike if Radchenko attempts to fuel his missiles. Captain Frank Ramsey (Hackman) is the sub's commanding officer, one of few commanders left in the U.S. Navy with combat experience. He chooses as his new executive officer Lieutenant Commander Ron Hunter (Washington), who has an extensive education in military history and tactics, but no combat experience.

During their initial days at sea, tension between Ramsey and Hunter becomes apparent due to a clash of personalities: Hunter's more analytical, cautious approach, as opposed to Ramsey's more impulsive and intuitive approach. The Alabama eventually receives an Emergency Action Message, ordering the launch of ten of its missiles against the Russian nuclear installation, based on satellite information that the Russians' missiles are being fuelled. Before the Alabama can launch its missiles, a second radio message begins to be received, but is cut off by the attack of a Russian Akula-class submarine loyal to Radchenko.

The radio electronics are damaged in the attack and cannot be used to decode the second message. With the last confirmed order being to launch Captain Ramsey decides to proceed. Hunter refuses to concur as is procedurally required because he believes the partial second message may be a retraction. Hunter argues that the Alabama is not the only American submarine in the area, and if the order is not retracted, other submarines will launch their missiles as part of the fleet's standard redundancy doctrine. Ramsey argues that the other American submarines may have been destroyed.

When Hunter refuses to consent Ramsey tries to relieve him of duty and replace him with a different officer. Instead Hunter orders the arrest of Ramsey for attempting to circumvent protocol. The crew's loyalty is divided between Hunter and Ramsey but Hunter initially takes command. The Alabama is attacked again by the Russian submarine. The Alabama destroys it, but not before the Russian submarine fires two torpedoes. One misses, but the other hits the Alabama, taking out both its communications and main propulsion and flooding the bilge bay.

The crew tries desperately to restore what has been damaged. Three crewmen are attempting to stop the bilge bay flooding, but Hunter orders the bay sealed and the men out of there as too much water will be taken on to enable the sub to rise once propulsion has been restored. The men are unable to exit, and Hunter orders it sealed as the men are left to drown. Shortly before the Alabama reaches hull-crush depth, the propulsion is back on line and Hunter orders the sub to proceed near the surface to re-establish communications and receive the cut-off message once their repairs are complete.

In the meantime, Lieutenant Dougherty, loyal to Ramsey, organizes a mutiny against Hunter with Lieutenants Zimmer and Westegard in tow. They try to recruit Lieutenant "Weps" Ince, but Weps is hesitant, having been friends with Hunter for a long time and feeling he may be right. Ramsey and the others draw small arms and recover the bridge from Hunter. Ramsey then proceeds with the missile launch orders in hand, and engages the missile lock key at the bridge.

Hunter escapes his arrest and gains the support of Weps in the missile control room further delaying the launch. Ramsey leaves the bridge and tries to force Weps to open the safe containing the firing trigger. Weps initially refuses, but relents after Ramsey threatens to shoot another crew member. Meanwhile, Hunter and the crew members siding with him stage another retaking of the bridge. Hunter removes the missile key just as Ramsey pulls the trigger to fire a missile. Ramsey re-enters the bridge and demands Hunter hand over the missile key, but Hunter is despondent. With the radio team reporting they are near success, the two men agree to a compromise; they will wait until the deadline to see if the radio can be repaired.

After several tense minutes, communications are restored and they finally see the full message from the second transmission. It is a retraction ordering that the missile launch be aborted because Radchenko's rebellion has been quelled. After returning to base, Ramsey and Hunter are put before a naval tribunal to answer for their actions. The tribunal concludes that both men were simultaneously right and wrong so Hunter's actions were lawfully justified.

Unofficially, the tribunal chastises both men for failing to resolve the issues between them. Thanks to Ramsey's personal recommendation, the tribunal agrees to grant Hunter command of his own sub while allowing Ramsey to save face via an early retirement. Both men then reconcile their differences and part ways.



listen to a clip from the score of the 1995 film Crimson Tide.

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The score for Crimson Tide was composed by Hans Zimmer, and employs a blend of orchestra, choir and synthesizer sounds. It includes additional music by Nick Glennie-Smith and was conducted by Harry Gregson-Williams. Within the score is the well-known naval hymn, "Eternal Father, Strong to Save". The score won a Grammy Award in 1996, and Zimmer has described it as one of his personal favorites.[3]

The film has uncredited additional writing by Quentin Tarantino, much of it being the pop-culture reference-laden dialogue.[4][5]

The U.S. Navy objected to many of the elements in the script—particularly mutiny on board a U.S. naval vessel—and as such, the film was produced without the U.S. Navy's assistance.[6] The French Navy (Marine Nationale) assisted the team for production with the French aircraft carrier Foch and one SNLE.

Because of the U.S. Navy's refusal to cooperate with the filming, the production company was unable to secure footage of a submarine submerging. After checking to make sure there was no law against filming naval vessels, the producers waited at the submarine base at Pearl Harbor until a submarine put to sea. After a submarine left port, they pursued it in a boat and helicopter, filming as they went. They continued to do so until it submerged, giving them the footage they needed to incorporate into the film.


Box office[edit]

Crimson Tide earned $18.6 million in the United States on its opening weekend, which ranked #1 for all films released that week. Overall, it earned $91 million in the U.S. and an additional $66 million internationally, for a total of $157.3 million.[7]

Critical reception[edit]

The film received mostly positive reviews from critics. Review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes reports that 87% of 46 critics have given the film a positive review, with a rating average of 7.5 out of 10.[8] A number of critics cited Hackman and Washington's performances, and enjoyed the film's snappy, pop culture inflected dialogue.

Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times wrote, "This is the rare kind of war movie that not only thrills people while they're watching it, but invites them to leave the theater actually discussing the issues,"[9] and Mick LaSalle of the San Francisco Chronicle wrote, "Crimson Tide has everything you could want from an action thriller and a few other things you usually can't hope to expect."[10]

Owen Gleiberman of Entertainment Weekly wrote that, "what makes Crimson Tide a riveting pop drama is the way the conflict comes to the fore in the battle between two men. ... The end of the world may be around the corner, but what holds us is the sight of two superlatively fierce actors working at the top of their game."[11]

In contrast, Janet Maslin of The New York Times criticized the film's "blowhardiness" and superficial treatment of apocalyptic fears. She noted that there is "... something awfully satisfying about the throbbing missiles and cathartic explosions that constitute this film's main excitement," but felt that "... nothing else here delivers a comparable thrill."[12]


Crimson Tide was nominated for three Academy Awards, for Editing, Sound (Kevin O'Connell, Rick Kline, Gregory H. Watkins and William B. Kaplan) and Sound Editing (George Watters II).[7][13]


  1. ^ "Crimson Tide (1995) - Box office / business". IMDb. Retrieved July 25, 2010. 
  2. ^ Franklin Celebrates 72nd Birthday With Denzel Washington
  3. ^ "Hans Zimmer Interview". Film Score. Retrieved 2008-08-03. 
  4. ^ Peary, Gerald (August 1998). "Chronology". Quentin Tarantino Interviews. Conversations with Filmmakers Series. University Press of Mississippi. p. xviii. ISBN 1-57806-050-8. Retrieved 2008-08-03. 
  5. ^ "Quentin Tarantino Biography". Yahoo Movies. Retrieved 2009-02-10. 
  6. ^ Suid, Lawrence (2002). Guts & Glory: The Making of the American Military Image in Film (2 ed.). University Press of Kentucky. p. 748. ISBN 978-0-8131-9018-1. Retrieved 2/12/2009.  Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  7. ^ a b Crimson Tide at Box Office Mojo
  8. ^ Crimson Tide at Rotten Tomatoes
  9. ^ Ebert, Roger. "Crimson Tide," Chicago Sun-Times (May 12, 1995).
  10. ^ LaSalle, Mick. "Tension Hot in Crimson: Submarine thriller a first-rate story," San Francisco Chronicle (May 12, 1995).
  11. ^ Gleiberman, Owen. "Movie Review: Crimson Tide," Entertainment Weekly (May 12, 1995).
  12. ^ Maslin, Janet. "FILM REVIEW: CRIMSON TIDE; Deciding the World's Fate From the Ocean's Bottom". The New York Times (May 12, 1995).
  13. ^ "The 68th Academy Awards (1996) Nominees and Winners". Retrieved 2011-10-23. 

External links[edit]