Crispin and Crispinian

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Crispin)
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about the Christian saint. For other uses of Crispin, see Crispin (disambiguation).
Saints Crispin and Crispinian
Bossche Saints Crispin and Crispinian.jpg
The Martyrdom of SS. Crispin and Crispinian by Aert van den Bossche (National Museum in Warsaw).
Martyrs
Born 3rd century AD
Died 286
Rome
Honored in
Roman Catholic Church
Eastern Orthodox Churches
The Church of England
Canonized Pre-Congregation
Major shrine Soissons
Feast October 25
Attributes depicted holding shoes
Patronage cobblers; glove makers; lace makers; lace workers; leather workers; saddle makers; saddlers; shoemakers; tanners; weavers; Brgy. San Crispin, San Pablo City, Philippines

Saints Crispin and Crispinian are the French Christian patron saints of cobblers, tanners, and leather workers. Born to a noble Roman family in the 3rd century AD, Saints Crispin and Crispinian, twin brothers, fled persecution for their faith, ending up in Soissons, where they preached Christianity to the Gauls and made shoes by night.

Their success attracted the ire of Rictus Varus, the governor of Belgic Gaul, who had them tortured and thrown into the river with millstones around their necks. Though they survived, they were beheaded by the emperor c. 286.

An alternative account gives them as sons of a noble Romano-Briton family whose father had been killed having incurred the displeasure of the Roman emperor living at Canterbury. As they were approaching maturity their mother sent them to London to seek apprenticeship and to avoid coming to the attention of their father's killer. Travelling there, the brothers came across a shoe-maker's workshop in Faversham and decided to travel no further but to remain in Faversham where there is a plaque commemorating their association with the town. They are also commemorated in the name of the ancient pub "Crispin and Crispianus" in Strood. This account fails to explain how the brothers came to be martyred.

The feast day of Saints Crispin and Crispinian is 25 October. Although this feast was removed from the Roman Catholic Church's universal liturgical calendar following the Second Vatican Council, the two saints are still commemorated on that day in the most recent edition of the Roman Martyrology.

Saint Crispin is often associated with the Battle of Agincourt as the battle was fought on Saint Crispin's Day, and especially because of Shakespeare's St. Crispin's Day Speech from his play Henry V.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Footnotes[edit]