|Grey's Anatomy character|
The season nine promotional photograph of Sandra Oh as Dr. Cristina Yang
|First appearance||"A Hard Day's Night"
1x01, March 27, 2005
|Created by||Shonda Rhimes|
|Portrayed by||Sandra Oh|
|Occupation||Cardiothoracic surgical fellow|
|Family||Helen and Saul Rubenstein (parents)|
|Spouse(s)||Owen Hunt (divorced)|
|Significant other(s)||Preston Burke
Cristina Yang, M.D. is a fictional character from the medical drama television series Grey's Anatomy, which airs on the American Broadcasting Company (ABC) in the United States. The character was created by series producer Shonda Rhimes, and is portrayed by actress Sandra Oh. Introduced as a surgical intern at the fictional Seattle Grace Hospital, Yang worked her way up to resident level, eventually becoming a cardiothoracic surgical fellow, while her relationships with colleagues Meredith Grey (Ellen Pompeo), George O'Malley (T. R. Knight), Izzie Stevens (Katherine Heigl), and Alex Karev (Justin Chambers) formed a focal point of the series. Yang was once engaged to Preston Burke (Isaiah Washington), had a relationship with renowned surgeon Colin Marlow, and has since been wed to Owen Hunt (Kevin McKidd). During the series, Yang mentions she graduated from Smith College and attained a Ph.D. from the University of California, Berkeley and an M.D. from Stanford University School of Medicine.
Oh originally auditioned for the role of Miranda Bailey, although Chandra Wilson was ultimately cast in the part. Oh has received generally positive reviews for her portrayal, with Mark Perigard of the Boston Herald considering her friendship with Meredith to be "the secret core of Grey's". Oh has also garnered numerous awards and nominations for her role as Yang, including Golden Globe and Screen Actors Guild Award wins in 2006. She was additionally nominated for the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Drama Series each year, from 2005 to 2009. Characterizing the character, ABC noted her competitiveness, ambition, and intelligence as her main traits, while her aggressive, and tactless attitude was highlighted as her main weakness. In May 2012, E! Online reported that Oh has signed on for two more years, along with her fellow cast members.
Cristina Yang is introduced as a fellow surgical intern to Meredith Grey (Ellen Pompeo), Izzie Stevens (Katherine Heigl), George O'Malley (T.R. Knight), and Alex Karev (Justin Chambers); the five of them working under Miranda Bailey (Chandra Wilson). An atheistic competitive intern from Jewish ancestry, she watched her birth father bleed out and die at a young age. Yang also suffers from dyslexia, and was raised in Beverly Hills, California. On her first day, she hits it off with Meredith and the pair soon become best friends and each other's "person." She has a sexual encounter with chief of cardiothoracic surgery Preston Burke (Isaiah Washington) that leads her to being pregnant with his child, so she schedules an abortion without telling him about the pregnancy. However, Yang experiences an ectopic pregnancy and collapses when her left fallopian tube bursts; she then tells Burke. After Burke is shot in the arm and develops a hand tremor, Yang helps him to cover it up by developing a covert partnership. Yang initially denies involvement during a confrontation, but then confesses everything to Richard Webber (James Pickens, Jr.), the chief of surgery. Yang's actions jeopardize Burke's chances of becoming chief, which he sees as a huge betrayal. After a short breakup, Yang breaks the silence and Burke proposes marriage, which Yang accepts after eight days of hesitation.
Afterward, Yang's ex-boyfriend, Colin Marlow, comes to Seattle Grace, trying to sabotage her relationship with Burke to win her back. Burke wanted a lavish wedding, but Yang was against it. However, she gives in to a fancy wedding. On their wedding day, she doubts it is the right decision, and after a brief hesitation to walk down the aisle, she enters before Burke calls off the wedding, realizing that he could not force Yang to do something she did not want to do. Thus, Yang went on her honeymoon to Hawaii with Meredith, and Burke moved away. Burke is replaced by Erica Hahn (Brooke Smith), who immediately dislikes Yang for her affairs with Marlow and Burke, refusing to let her scrub in on surgeries. Eventually, Callie Torres (Sara Ramirez) moves in with Yang, and she still tries to earn Hahn's approval. Hahn reveals that she dislikes Yang because she reminds her of an early version of herself. Yang then doubts her skills when Seattle Grace is ranked at twelfth on a list of the best teaching hospitals, while still clashing with Hahn. She is then stabbed by a falling icicle, resulting in a minor injury. She sets her sights on Owen Hunt (Kevin McKidd), who returned from Iraq as a trauma surgeon, with whom she shares a brief kiss. When he returns as chief of trauma surgery, he and Yang begin dating, but Hunt has repressed memories of his time in Iraq, leading her to see him in a new light. Due to his Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), Hunt unconsciously tries to strangle her, which leads Yang to end their relationship as she is afraid of sleeping next to him.
Soon after, Hunt begins seeing a therapist, and Yang confesses her love for him. Yang then becomes depressed with her lack of cardiothoracic surgeries, even telling Meredith she misses Burke. As a result, Hunt asks an ex-colleague from the Army, Teddy Altman (Kim Raver), to become the chief of cardiothoracic surgery as a "gift" for Yang. Altman is insulted by this, and considers leaving, but Yang convinces her to stay by telling her she can have Hunt back. Yang eventually decides to end their relationship once more due to Hunt not being able to decide who he loves. When Meredith's husband, Derek Shepherd (Patrick Dempsey) is shot by a deceased patient's angry husband, Yang is forced to operate on him, at gunpoint, and eventually saves his life. She also rekindles her relationship with Hunt after he got shot. Following the shooting, the two decide to get married, and she refuses to return to work as a surgeon. Yang later returns to work, but collapses as a result of PTSD. Shepherd forces her through her issues by making her perform the same surgery she did on him to a cadaver, and after a push from Altman, she advocates the life of a lung transplant patient. However, Yang then blames Meredith for her trauma and quits her job at the hospital, stating that even though she could be a surgeon she no longer wants to. She takes a temporary bartending job at the Emerald City Bar, much to the shock of her colleagues. Shepherd unintentionally helps her to get back to work by talking to her during her housewarming party and taking her on a fishing trip where she feels other emotions besides fear.
Yang decides to go for the position of Chief Resident, but her hopes are brought to a halt when Hunt is in charge of choosing. The position of Chief Resident is eventually given to April Kepner (Sarah Drew). Later, Yang discovers she is pregnant with Hunt's child, and decides to get an abortion. Though Hunt accompanies her to the abortion, he is extremely angry with her decision. Yang then operates on Henry Burton (Scott Foley), Altman's husband, unknown of his identity. When the surgery fails and he dies, Yang is guilt stricken upon learning of her patient's identity. She and Hunt distance themselves from each other as they keep fighting over the abortion, despite attending marriage counselling. Their marriage comes into serious trouble when Hunt has a one-night stand with a patient's friend, leaving Yang heartbroken. She decides to move on, unsure of her future with him. As the end of the fifth year of residency is near, the surgical residents, including Yang, prepare for their medical boards for the different fellowships they plan on joining. After she passes her exams, Yang reconciles with Hunt and tells him she is leaving Seattle for the Mayo Clinic, Minnesota. Afterward, Yang, Meredith, Shepherd, Arizona Robbins (Jessica Capshaw), Mark Sloan (Eric Dane), and Lexie Grey (Chyler Leigh) are involved in an aviation accident while on the way to Boise, Idaho to perform surgery on conjoined twins. Lexie tragically dies, leaving the other surgeons alone, with no sign of help on the way. Following their rescue, Yang, traumatized, suffers from brief reactive psychosis which provokes violent outbursts and makes her unresponsive. She becomes a cardiothoracic surgical fellow and goes, as planned, to the Mayo Clinic but has difficulties adapting to her new colleagues' way of working. As a result of her PTSD, she is unable to get on a plane to return to Seattle to say her final goodbye to Sloan who is dying. While in Minnesota, Yang develops a friendship with fellow cardio surgeon Craig Thomas (William Daniels). She mainly teases him with comments regarding his old age. She also begins an affair with the head of surgery Dr. Parker (Steven Culp) who has issues with Thomas. After Thomas dies from a heart attack, Yang returns to Seattle Grace for good.
Initially things are fraught between her and Owen, she is confused as to why he hired her back as it seems he doesn't want her there. She finds out (by chance) that he actually pushed for her to be back, causing her to see things in a new light. She finally admits to Meredith that she wants Owen back. She is about to tell Owen that she wants him back, when Owen asks her for a divorce. Taken aback Cristina agrees, but later finds out that the potential conflict of interest regarding the plane crash law suit was a key motive behind Owen's request and confronts him. Owen tells her that he 'feels responsible' and was worried as he thought she was dead. After the confrontation, Cristina thinks things over and goes to see him before Bailey's wedding, finally admitting to him that she wants to try again, which leads the two to having sex. They sign the divorce papers afterwards and kiss, hinting that things are not over between them. In the aftermath of the plane accident, the hospital is sued and eventually found guilty of negligence. The surviving doctors including herself must receive $15 million of compensation, which leads the hospital to a near bankruptcy as the insurances refuse to pay. Those doctors and Callie Torres (Sara Ramirez) buy the hospital with the help of the Harper-Avery Foundation to prevent it from closing, and each become members of the new directing board.
Casting and creation 
On the creation of Yang, Shonda Rhimes said the character contained "a little bit of [her] personality". Speaking with talk show host Oprah Winfrey, Rhimes said: "Cristina was second, simply because she's the kind of woman I know really well, and I like her. There's something interesting about a person who is that driven, a little bit emotionally disconnected but still a caring, sweet, and smart individual you could be friends with." Sandra Oh, initially auditioned for the character of Bailey, adding: "Thank God I did not get that part", explaining the show would not be the same without fellow cast member, Wilson. Discussing casting Oh as Yang, Rhimes said: "She brought this energy that felt very fresh. From the beginning, I've been shaping Cristina around Sandra a little bit. One of my favorite things to do is take as much of her dialogue out of a scene as possible because she does so much nonverbally. Then I just watch what she manages to do without having a word to say."
The character of Yang was not originally supposed to be of Asian descent. Oh said her character was "a pert little blonde and the thing is the woman who runs the show, Shonda Rhimes, is a black woman, which makes a big [expletive] difference." In 2009, when asked why Oh signed on for Grey's Anatomy, Oh said: "I'm very proud of this show and I think it came along at the right time for me. It's a changing time on television because five or ten years ago you wouldn't have a major network show where half of the cast were not white." Oh's original contract with the show expired after season eight, however, E! Online reported in May 2012, that Oh, as well as all original cast members, have signed on for two more years.
The American Broadcasting Company (ABC) characterized Yang as "competitive", "ambitious", and "intelligent", while also noting her weaknesses: "bossy", "aggressive", and "tactless". Oh said of her character: "I've always tried to play Cristina with a tremendous amount of focus and ambition — which is the reality for a female surgeon. I mean, in real life there aren't many of them. But the ones you encounter are at the very top of their game. You have to have a kind of ascetic personality to survive." Rhimes referred to Yang's relationship with Burke by the portmanteau "Burktina", citing "Losing My Religion" as one of her favorite episodes featuring them because it shows their evolution from the beginning of the second season to its end.
Rhimes commented, "[We see] her struggle to suppress all of her humanity in pursuit of perfection. And in my mind, what we realize is that she is not cold. She is terrified. Scared that if she lets her emotions out, they will overtake her and she will be hurt. And you can’t hate her. Because it's so incredibly human and understandable." Yang's friendship with Meredith has been looked upon as "sisterhood", and Yang has repeatedly referred to the former as "her person". This led to the two being dubbed "the twisted sisters". At the conclusion of season three, the duo went on a "honeymoon" together, and Rhimes called it her favorite detail of the finale.
New York magazine wrote of the character: "There's probably no woman on TV right now more single-mindedly dedicated to her career than Cristina. It has long been her defining characteristic. If it occasionally makes her into a caricature, it has also unquestionably established that she would have an abortion in this circumstance." Talking about Yang's abortion in the eighth season, Rhimes explained she intended Yang to have an abortion already in the second season but changed it with an ectopic pregnancy at the suggestion of one of her writers because "that was so much more interesting, story-wise". As for the abortion in the eighth season, Rhimes commented: "I really wanted Cristina Yang to stay true to who Cristina Yang is. And I feel like that is a character who has never really wanted to be a mother. The idea that this woman would have a child that she did not want and resented for ruining her career and resented Owen for making her have [it] would have been hideous. [The abortion] made sense for the character."
Discussing his onscreen relationship with Yang, McKidd said: "It's not going to be easy for them. What I read when I read the season premiere, and this is just my take on it, is that it was very much two very analytical people, Owen and Cristina. They're very similar in a way, I think, as people. Two analytical people see each other over a crowded ER room and their eyes meet." On the topic of Yang's triumphs and challenges in the eighth season, Oh said: "It has been an extremely challenging year that has had a lot of ups and downs, both challenging and exhilarating. We would shoot all our scenes for a day or two straight, and that was extremely challenging because emotionally and physically it becomes really exhausting."
Oh said of Yang's expressions of emotions during season eight: "You see her express her emotions with only two people: her best friend Meredith and her husband Owen. To see someone being pulled apart so intensely, which honestly most everyone goes through in their life in some ways, if you're lucky you're completely pulled apart and then you have to pull yourself together, which hopefully will be the exploration within hopefully the next season." Although the characters' marriage is tested, McKidd reported to The Hollywood Reporter: "I think they're meant for each other. I hold out faith in Cristina and Owen, even though they go to the darkest places out of all the couples on the show. It's going to get worse but it's going to get better soon."
The character has received generally positive reviews among critics. Television Without Pity writer Lauren Shotwell claimed Yang is "the only one of these five [residents] that regularly acts like an actual doctor". Kelli Catana of The Huffington Post named Yang "the best damn character" of the series. Yang appeared in Comcast's list of TV's Most Intriguing Characters, with the website commenting that she is "an engaging yet comedic factor for the prime-time soap Grey's Anatomy." Philadelphia Magazine included Yang in its list of the "10 Best Doctors on Television". However, the same periodical listed her as one of "The 12 Most Annoying Women on TV". Mark Perigard of the Boston Herald considers her friendship with Meredith to be "the secret core of Grey's and perhaps creator Shonda Rhimes' greatest contribution to prime time." The Huffington Post's writer Kelli Catana agreed, saying: "the Meredith/Yang relationship is probably the most true friendship on network television." Their friendship was listed in AOL TV's "Top 20: TV's Best BFFs" and in Entertainment Weekly's "30 Best TV Bromances/Gal Pals". Yahoo! Voices also put Yang on their list of "The Most Loyal TV Best Friends of All Time".
Yang's relationship with Burke was positively received; it was considered as "one of the most interesting relationships on the show". Similarly, The Orange County Register wrote that their romance became "one of the most touching and funny attractions of Grey's Anatomy." Christopher Monfette of IGN was critical of their wedding planning in the third season, saying: "The will-they's and won't-they's fly and fall like hobbled pigeons until the season finale when the show solves both it's personal and professional problems in the most obvious and least compelling of ways." UGO.com placed their break-up on its list of the most horrible TV breakups. In 2009, Monfette said of Yang's relationship with Owen: "[Hunt's] interactions with Cristina were perfectly balanced for optimum drama, never together and never apart for so long that the back-and-forth became frustrating. Viewers could clearly see a softening of the typically hard-edged Cristina, a pleasant change for what had become something of a one-note character."
Jennifer Armstrong of Entertainment Weekly also praised the pairing, especially in "Stand by Me", saying: "As good as they've been at amping up the romance crackling between Owen and Cristina, Kevin McKidd and Sandra Oh brought the Emmy consideration tonight from scene 1." She also added: "I loved seeing Cristina at least try to stand by her man." Of Yang and Owen's wedding, Armstrong said: "Glad we made a clean disposal of the Teddy-Owen-Cristina love triangle, though, when he quipped to Teddy, "I heard there's a guy," and she said she was happy for him." She also praised Owen's proposal scene, giving it an "A". Later, she praised their marriage, saying: "I am absolutely loving the stronger-than-ever lady-bond between these two this season. Is it because they're both married now? Just growing up? Whatever, it's the opposite of Blair and Serena's annoyingly fickle frenemy status on Gossip Girl, and I can’t get enough."
New York magazine was positive on the abortion storyline, saying that the show "was brave enough to do what almost no other series will: show this one particular, totally legal medical procedure on TV" and that the abortion was "the only plausible resolution" for Yang's pregnancy. Tanner Stransky, also of Entertainment Weekly, said of Yang's actions after Owen's affair: "It alternately seems silly and not silly, when you really think about it." Robert Bianco of USA Today praised Yang's storylines in the eighth season, saying: "Their stories are effectively tied into that of a patient whose ability to move forward is complicated by a complex response to a hideous past." HitFix writer Liane Bonin Starr applauded Yang's brief departure from Seattle Grace to Mayo Clinic in the ninth season, which was "interesting" as "it showed us a new side of her -- and after so many seasons, that was some welcome insight."
Oh has received numerous awards and nominations for her portrayal of Yang. In 2005, she was nominated for the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Drama Series, which she was nominated for every year until 2009. Also in 2005, she was nominated for Best Supporting Actress – Series, Miniseries or Television Film at the 10th Satellite Awards. The next year, the cast won the Satellite Award for Best Cast – Television Series. In 2006, Oh won the award for Best Supporting Actress – Series, Miniseries or Television Film at the 63rd Golden Globe Awards. In 2006, the cast was nominated for the Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by an Ensemble in a Drama Series, which they won in 2007, and were nominated for again the following year. Also at the 12th Screen Actors Guild Awards, Oh won the award for Outstanding Performance by a Female Actor in a Drama Series. In 2010, Oh was nominated for Outstanding Actress in a Drama Series at the 41st NAACP Image Awards, which she was nominated for again in 2012, and in 2011, she was nominated for Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Drama Series at the 42nd NAACP Image Awards. In 2011, Oh was nominated for Favorite TV Drama Actress and Favorite TV Doctor at the 37th People's Choice Awards.
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