Cristuru Secuiesc

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Cristuru Secuiesc
Székelykeresztúr
Town
Skyline of Cristuru Secuiesc
Flag of Cristuru Secuiesc
Flag
Coat of arms of Cristuru Secuiesc
Coat of arms
Location of Cristuru Secuiesc
Location of Cristuru Secuiesc
Coordinates: 46°17′30″N 25°2′7″E / 46.29167°N 25.03528°E / 46.29167; 25.03528Coordinates: 46°17′30″N 25°2′7″E / 46.29167°N 25.03528°E / 46.29167; 25.03528
Country  Romania
County Harghita County
Status Town
Government
 • Mayor Lajos Benyovszki (Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania)
Population (2002)
 • Total 9,672
Ethnicity
 • Hungarians 95.13%
 • Romanians 2.27%
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Website www.keresztur.ro

Cristuru Secuiesc (Romanian pronunciation: [ˌkristuru sekuˈjesk]; Hungarian: Székelykeresztúr, Hungarian pronunciation: [ˈseːkɛjkɛrɛstuːr] ( )) is a town in Harghita County, Romania. It lies in the Székely Land, an ethno-cultural region in eastern Transylvania.

The town administers two villages:

  • Beteşti / Betfalva, part of Mugeni until 2004
  • Filiaş / Fiatfalva

History[edit]

The town was part of the Székely Land area of the historical Transylvania province. It belonged to Udvarhelyszék until the administrative reform of Transylvania in 1876, when it fell within the Udvarhely County of the Kingdom of Hungary. After the Treaty of Trianon of 1920, it became part of Romania and fell within Odorhei County during the interwar period. In 1940, the second Vienna Award granted the Northern Transylvania to Hungary and the town was held by Hungary until 1944. After Soviet occupation, the Romanian administration returned and it became officially part of Romania in 1947. Between 1952 and 1960, the town fell within the Magyar Autonomous Region, between 1960 and 1968 the Mureş-Magyar Autonomous Region. In 1968, the province was abolished, and since then, the town has been part of Harghita County.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop.   ±%  
1956 5,194 —    
1966 5,942 +14.4%
1977 7,197 +21.1%
1992 10,611 +47.4%
2002 11,291 +6.4%
2011 9,491 −15.9%
Source: Census data
Hometown folks at the end of the 1930s

As of the Romanian census of 2002, the town has a population of 9,672 of whom 9,201 (95.13%) are ethnic Hungarians, 2.47 ethnic Roma, 2.27% ethnic Romanians and 0.12% others.[1]

Demographic movements according to census data:

In terms of religion, 46.02% of its inhabitants are Reformed, 35.99% are Unitarian, 14.27% are Roman Catholic, 2.33% are Romanian Orthodox.

Sights[edit]

The Unitarian Gimnazium (secondary school) was established in the 18th century. The Catholic church has medieval murals.

International relations[edit]

Twin towns – Sister cities[edit]

Cristuru Secuiesc is twinned with:

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]