Critical systems thinking

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Critical systems thinking is a systems thinking framework, that wants to bring unity to the diversity of different systems approaches and advises managers how best to use them.[1]

Critical Systems Thinking according to Bammer (2003) "aims to combine systems thinking and participatory methods to address the challenges of problems characterised by large scale, complexity, uncertainty, impermanence, and imperfection. It allows nonlinear relationships, feedback loops, hierarchies, emergent properties and so on to be taken into account and Critical Systems Thinking has particularly problematised the issue of boundaries and their consequences for inclusion, exclusion and marginalisation".[2]

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