Criticism of Hinduism

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This article is about social and cultural criticism of Hinduism. For bias and/or prejudice against Hindus, see anti-Hindu.

Criticism of Hinduism refers to the practices and beliefs held by Hindus which have been criticized, both by Hindus and non-Hindus. Early Hindu reformers had pointed the on going misrepresentation of Hinduism, and later reformers did the same through their movements.[1][2][3][4][5]

Social structure in India[edit]

The caste system in India has been prevalent for centuries, it is described as a hierarchical system that assigned people different classes in society, similar to the 'middle class', 'upper class' system used in many western societies. Caste-based identification was not unique among Hindus,[6] to this day it is also found among Muslims, Christians, and others. Neither caste system is limited with India, Songbun of North Korea,[7] Hukou of China,[8] and others are regarded as the caste system as well.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Axel Michaels, Hinduism: Past and Present 188-97 (Princeton 2004) ISBN 0-691-08953-1
  2. ^ Nitin Mehta (2006-12-08). "Caste prejudice has nothing to do with the Hindu scriptures". The Guardian. Retrieved 2006-12-08. 
  3. ^ M V Nadkarni (2003-11-08). "Is Caste System Intrinsic to Hinduism? Demolishing a Myth". Economic and Political Weekly. Archived from the original on 2007-03-12. Retrieved 2006-12-08. 
  4. ^ "suttee." Encyclopædia Britannica. 2004 Encyclopædia Britannica Premium Service.
  5. ^ Euthanasia and Hinduism - ReligionFacts
  6. ^ Ganguly, Rajat; Phadnis, Urmila (2001). Ethnicity and nation-building in South Asia. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications. p. 88. ISBN 0-7619-9439-4. 
  7. ^ Barbara Demick, Nothing to Envy: Love, Life and Death in North Korea, Fourth Estate, London, 2010, pp 26-27.
  8. ^ "China's New Confucianism: Politics and Everyday Life in a Changing Society" by Daniel A. Bell, p. 186, quote = "From a liberal democratic perspective, in other words, the hukou system is the functional equivalent of a caste system that marks a group of people as second-class citizens just because they were unlucky enough to be born in the countryside."

References[edit]

Burns, John. "Once Widowed in India, Twice Scorned". NY Times articles. 1998 The New York Times Company. Retrieved 10/12/2012.