Criticism of Hinduism
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Some of the practices and beliefs held by Hindus have been criticized, both by Hindus and non-Hindus. Early Hindu reformers had pointed the on going misrepresentation of Hinduism, and later reformers did the same through their movements. As Hinduism treats every living thing with respect and states that every living thing in this world has equal rights of existence. It is said in Hinduism that no person/animal should be killed unless it becomes a threat for humanity. However, the misconceptions about wrong practices in Hinduism are no longer prevalent in Independent India.
Social structure in India
The caste system in India has been prevalent for centuries, it is described as a hierarchical system that assigned people different classes in society, similar to the 'middle class', 'upper class' system used in many western societies. Caste-based identification was not unique among Hindus, to this day it is also found among Muslims, Christians, and others. Neither caste system is limited with India, Songbun of North Korea, Hukou of China, and others are regarded as the caste system as well. The true essence of caste system was not by ones birth or by one's parents inheritance but it was by ones acts or by profession/heredity. i.e. A Shudra can become a Brahmin, or Kshtriya can be come Shudra or Vaishya or reversal. Which actually happened in a well known person born in Shudra family is called as Brahmin due to his profession of writing some highly scholarly writings.
Later, after the colonization of India, by British, the caste system was legally established. The land policy created new class of landlords, drove millions into the ranks of tenants and agricultural labors. Even though caste was actually based on one's deeds or works, afterwards it was generalized by birth.
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