Criticism of Hinduism
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Criticism of Hinduism refers to the practices and beliefs held by Hindus which have been criticized, both by Hindus and non-Hindus. Early Hindu reformers had pointed the on going misrepresentation of Hinduism, and later reformers did the same through their movements.
The caste system in Nepal and India has been prevalent for centuries, it is described as a hierarchical system that assigned people different classes in society, similar to the 'middle class', 'upper class' system used in many western societies. Caste-based identification was not unique among Hindus, to this day it is also found among Muslims, Christians, and others. Neither caste system is limited with India; Songbun of North Korea, Hukou of China, and others are regarded as caste systems as well.
The true essence of caste system was not by ones birth or by one's parents inheritance but by one's acts or by profession/heredity. i.e. A Shudra can become a Brahmin (Example: Valmiki who wrote Ramayana), or Kshatriya can become Brahmin (Example: Vishwamitra, by whose grand son's name Bharata, India was named as Bharata centuries ago), or Kshatriya can become Shudra or Vaishya or vice versa. Which actually happened in a well known person born in Shudra family is called as Brahmin due to his profession of writing some highly scholarly writings.
Later, after the colonization of India by British, the caste system was legally established. The land policy created new class of landlords, drove millions into the ranks of tenants and agricultural labors. Even though caste was actually based on one's deeds or works, afterwards it was generalized by birth.
Discrimination against widows
Hindu women traditionally leave their household after marriage and move into the household of their husband. If their husband then dies, this leaves them entirely dependent on his family for sustenance.
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