Crittenden County, Kentucky
|Crittenden County, Kentucky|
Location in the state of Kentucky
Kentucky's location in the U.S.
|Named for||John J. Crittenden|
|• Total||370.95 sq mi (961 km2)|
|• Land||362.14 sq mi (938 km2)|
|• Water||8.81 sq mi (23 km2), 2.37%|
|• Density||26/sq mi (10/km²)|
|Time zone||Central: UTC-6/-5|
Crittenden County is a county located in the U.S. state of Kentucky. At the 2010 census, the population was 9,315. Its county seat is Marion. The county was formed in 1842 and named for John J. Crittenden, senator and future Governor of Kentucky. It is a prohibition or dry county.
Generally pro-Confederate during the American Civil War, both armies passed through the county repeatedly and several skirmishes took place. The county court house was burned by guerrillas in 1865, during the last months of the war.
Crittenden County, located on the Ohio and Tradewater Rivers in the Pennyroyal region of Kentucky, was formed on April 1, 1842, from the subdivision of Livingston County to become the state’s 91st county. It was named for John J. Crittenden, U.S. attorney general, senator, and governor of Kentucky. The first county seat was the community of Crooked Creek, although the seat was moved a few miles south to Marion in 1844.
The county was once crossed by the Chickasaw Road, which was a portion of the Old Saline Trace. This path was used by native peoples to hunt game that crossed the Ohio River heading to the salt licks that lie in Illinois. During the early nineteenth century, Flynn’s Ferry was established at the area where the road crossed the Ohio. The first settler to the region was James Armstrong of South Carolina who arrived and built a cabin in 1786. His family joined him in 1791 along with the many other families that were beginning to move into the area, mostly of English, Scotch, and Irish decent. The county witnessed little fighting during the Civil War, although the county courthouse was burned by General Hylan B. Lyons in 1865. Lyons, a Confederate brigadier general, led a cavalry raid into Kentucky in December 1864. During this incursion his troops burned seven county courthouses that were being used as barracks by the Union Army.
Crittenden County has valuable deposits of fluorspar, zinc, porcelain, coal, limestone, and sand for making glass. Marion was primarily an industrial town in the 1840s associated with the large fluorspar mining industry. This industry peaked in 1947 and has been in slow decline since. Iron production was also a prominent industry in the mid-19th century with several furnaces being built in the county, one owned by Andrew Jackson. Other products produced in the county include lumber, glass, modular homes, and blue crystal that was made famous by Ball canning jars. Today the county has a strong agricultural economy. In 1992, 66 percent of the population lived on farms with 45 percent of the population reporting farming as their primary occupation.
According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 370.95 square miles (960.8 km2), of which 362.14 square miles (937.9 km2) (or 97.63%) is land and 8.81 square miles (22.8 km2) (or 2.37%) is water.
- Union County (north)
- Webster County (northeast)
- Caldwell County (southeast)
- Lyon County (south)
- Livingston County (west)
- Hardin County, Illinois (northwest, across the Ohio River)
As of the census of 2000, there were 9,384 people, 3,829 households, and 2,707 families residing in the county. The population density was 26 per square mile (10 /km2). There were 4,410 housing units at an average density of 12 per square mile (4.6 /km2). The racial makeup of the county was 98.24% White, 0.65% Black or African American, 0.15% Native American, 0.09% Asian, 0.14% from other races, and 0.74% from two or more races. 0.51% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 3,829 households out of which 29.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.80% were married couples living together, 8.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.30% were non-families. 27.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.93.
In the county the population was spread out with 23.20% under the age of 18, 8.00% from 18 to 24, 26.10% from 25 to 44, 26.40% from 45 to 64, and 16.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 93.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.50 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $29,060, and the median income for a family was $36,462. Males had a median income of $30,509 versus $18,961 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,262. About 14.70% of families and 19.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 30.80% of those under age 18 and 15.70% of those age 65 or over.
- Lee Cruce,attorney, second Governor of Oklahoma, Crittenden County native, Democratic Party (United States).
- William J. Deboe (June 30, 1849 – June 15, 1927), a Republican, was a U.S. Senator representing Kentucky from 1897 to 1903.
- Ollie M. James (July 27, 1871 – August 28, 1918), a Democrat, represented Kentucky in the United States House of Representatives from 1903 to 1913 and the United States Senate from 1913 to 1918.
- Walter Walker (1883-1932), a Democrat, was a United States Senator representing Colorado in 1932, and a newspaperman in Grand Junction, Colorado.
- Kenneth W. Winters, a Republican member of the Kentucky State Senate, was born in Crittenden County but resides in Murray, Kentucky.
- Forrest Pogue (1912-1996), eminent military historian, a combat historian in the US Army during World War II, author of the biography of General George C. Marshall, and Director of the George C. Marshall Foundation and library in Lexington, VA.
- Perry Duke Maxwell (1879-1932), nationally-known designer of golf courses all over the country; in Oklahoma alone, three US Opens and five PGAs have been played on his courses. He consulted on the design of many more including those at Augusta National, Pine Valley, and Merion. Born in Princeton, Kentucky, but raised and educated in Marion, Kentucky, he began work as a banker in Oklahoma under Marion, Kentucky native, Lee Cruce, later governor of Oklahoma. His obituary was written by Marion native and Oklahoma educational luminary, Charles Evans, President of the University of Central Oklahoma 1911-16.
- Shelby Hearon(1931- ), author, recipient of fellowships from the Guggenheim Foundation, the National Endowment for the Arts, and the Ingram Merrill Foundation, winner of an American Academy of Arts and Letters Literature Award.
Cities and towns
These are the major highway routes through Crittenden County:
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 6, 2014.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- The Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society, Volume 1. Kentucky State Historical Society. 1903. p. 35.
- Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 96.
- Hogan, Roseann Reinemuth (1992). Kentucky Ancestry: A Guide to Genealogical and Historical Research. Ancestry Publishing. p. 221. Retrieved 26 July 2013.
- Kleber, John E., ed. 1992 The Kentucky Encyclopedia. The University Press of Kentucky, Lexington.
- Hill, William 2014 "Phase I Archaeological Survey for the Planned Perry and Lisa Jones Wetland Reserve Enhancement Project, Crittenden County, Kentucky" Corn Island Archaeology, LLC. Louisville KY.
- "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved August 1, 2013.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved August 1, 2013.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.