|Allegiance||Spartacus' Rebel Army|
|Battles/wars||Third Servile War|
Crixus (died 72 BC) was a Gallic gladiator, and military leader in the Third Servile War. Born in Gaul - his name means "one with curly hair" in Gaulish - he was enslaved by the Romans, and trained as gladiator in Capua.
In 73 B.C., Crixus was part of a small slave revolt in the gladiatorial training school of Lentulus Batiatus in Capua, where the slaves attempted to escape. The revolt was surprisingly successful, and the now free slave chose Crixus - along with the Thracian Spartacus, and fellow Gauls Oenomaus, Castus, and Gannicus - as one of their leaders.
The movement which would come to be known as the Third Servile War proved very successful, defeating the militia forces the Roman Senate sent to put down the insurrection, and attracting thousands of fellow slaves to their ranks.
For reasons that are unclear, Crixus and his followers appear to have separated from Spartacus and the main body of escaped slaves, towards the end of 73 BC. This proved to an unfortunate choice, as they came under attack from a Roman army under the command of the Roman consul Lucius Gellius Publicola near Mount Garganus in 72 B.C.
Crixus was killed in the conflict.
In popular culture
- Crixus was portrayed by Jon Ireland in the 1960 film Spartacus.
- Crixus appears as a character in Jeff Wayne's Musical Version of Spartacus, played by ex-Marillion lead singer, Fish.
- Crixus is portrayed by Paul Kynman in the 2004 TV movie Spartacus.
- Crixus was played by Manu Bennett in the Starz television series Spartacus: Blood and Sand, the prequel Spartacus: Gods of the Arena and sequels Spartacus: Vengeance and Spartacus: War of the Damned. Contrasting the 1960 film, in which Crixus and Spartacus quickly become close friends, the Starz series initially portrays them as intense rivals with a near-hatred of one another. It is not until the rebellion that the two become respected friends.
- In the expandable turn-based miniature wargaming system Heroscape, Crixus is a unique gladiator hero, who does not die at Roman hands, but is summoned to the world of Valhalla to follow the Valkyrie General Einar.
- Orosius, Histories 5.24.1
- McLynn, Frank. Heroes & Villains: Inside the minds of the greatest warriors in history. Retrieved 12 December 2012.
- Starz. "Manu Bennett in Spartacus: Blood and Sand". Retrieved January 31, 2010.
- Appian, Civil Wars 1.116
- Livy, Perochiae 96
- Florus, Epitome 2.8.20 
- Sallust, Fragmenta Historiarum 3
- Smith, William (1870), Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology Vol 1 p. 896
- Bradley, Keith. Slavery and Rebellion in the Roman World. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1989. ISBN 0-253-21169-7