Croatian Democratic Union of Bosnia and Herzegovina
|Croatian Democratic Union of Bosnia and Herzegovina|
|Hrvatska demokratska zajednica Bosne i Hercegovine|
|Founded||18 August 1990|
|Headquarters||Kneza Domagoja b. b.,
88000 Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina
|European affiliation||European People's Party|
|House of Representatives of Bosnia and Herzegovina|
|House of Peoples of Bosnia and Herzegovina|
|House of Representatives of the Federation|
|House of Peoples of the Federation|
The Croatian Democratic Union of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Croatian: Hrvatska demokratska zajednica Bosne i Hercegovine, HDZ BiH) is the largest political party of Croats of Bosnia and Herzegovina. It is an observer member of the European People's Party (EPP).
The party was formed on 18 August 1990, at the 1st party convention held in Sarajevo, and it has participated in all multi-party elections held in Bosnia and Herzegovina since 1991. It regularly won the support of the Croatian electorate up to 2000, and participated in the government. It returned to power in 2002, where it remained until 2010.
At the legislative election of October 2002, the party was part of the Croatian Coalition (Koalicija), that won 9.5% of the popular vote and 5 out of 42 seats in the House of Representatives of Bosnia and Herzegovina and 16 out of 140 seats in the House of Representatives of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
In 2006 the party joined the Croatian National Assembly with the Croatian Party of Rights of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Croatian People's Union.
The party has had two splinter factions so far:
- New Croatian Initiative (Nova hrvatska inicijativa, NHI), led by Krešimir Zubak
- Croatian Democratic Union 1990 (Hrvatska demokratska zajednica 1990, HDZ 1990), led by Božo Ljubić
- Davorin Perinović (1990)
- Stjepan Kljuić (1990–1992)
- Milenko Brkić (1992)
- Mate Boban (1992–1994)
- Dario Kordić (1994–1995)
- Božo Rajić (1995–1998)
- Ante Jelavić (1998–2002)
- Bariša Čolak (2002–2005)
- Dragan Čović (2005-)
- Jeff Haynes; Anja Hennig (3 July 2013). Religious Actors in the Public Sphere: Means, Objectives, and Effects. Routledge. pp. 17–. ISBN 978-1-136-66171-6.