Croatian Navy

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Croatian Navy
Seal of Croatian Navy.png
Emblem of the Croatian Navy
Active 1991
Country Croatia
Size 1,625 personnel
H/Q Lora naval base, Split
Patron Saint Nicholas
March Mi smo hrvatski mornari (We are the Croatian sailors)
Anniversaries 18 September - first recorded Croatian naval victory (under duke Branimir against Venetians near Makarska in 887)
Engagements Croatian War of Independence
Operation ATALANTA
Decorations Order of Duke Domagoj (Red kneza Domagoja)
Commanders
Current
commander
Commodore Robert Hranj
Notable
commanders
Fleet Admiral Sveto Letica, Admiral Vid Stipetić, Viceadmiral Zdravko Kardum, Admiral Janko Vuković Podkapelski
Insignia
Naval Ensign Naval Ensign of Croatia.svg
Naval Jack Naval Jack of Croatia.svg

The Croatian Navy (Croatian: Hrvatska ratna mornarica) is a branch of the Croatian Armed Forces.

History[edit]

The modern Croatian navy was born during the Croatian War of Independence in 1991. Commemorating the naval battles in September 1991, but also as the day when the fleet of medieval Croatian duke Branimir defeated the Venetian navy on September 18, 887, the Day of the Croatian Navy is commemorated yearly on September 18.[1]

The contemporary origins of the navy are in the Austro-Hungarian Navy, as well as the navy of Yugoslavia, whose 35 ships and various depots were seized during the war.

Purpose[edit]

The mission of the Croatian Navy (HRM) is to defend the integrity and sovereignty of the Republic of Croatia, to promote and protect its interest in the Adriatic Sea, islands and coast-lands. It carries and organizes the naval defense of the Republic of Croatia. The Croatian Navy fulfils its role by preparing itself and carrying out the following main tasks:

  1. Deterring the threat to the Republic of Croatia by maintaining high level of competence, training and technical quality of equipment
  2. Constant control of the Adriatic Sea and coast-land and monitoring of foreign war ships' movement
  3. Strengthening of the safety conditions on the Adriatic Sea and preserving the integrity of the maritime borders
  4. Implementation of the program "Partnership for Peace in the Mediterranean"

Structure of Croatian Navy[edit]

Current structure of the Croatian Navy

The following commands were created to carry out the mission of the Croatian Navy:[2]

  • Navy command
    • Command company
    • Navy flotilla
      • Flotilla Command
      • Surface Ships Division
      • Support Division
      • Mine Warfare Section
    • Coast guard
      • Coast Guard Command
      • 1st Coast Guard Division
      • 2nd Coast Guard Division
    • Marine Infantry Regiment
    • Coastal Surveillance Battalion
    • Navy Training Center
    • Split Naval Base
      • Naval Detachment North
      • Naval Detachment South

Naval equipment[edit]

Fleet[edit]

RTOP-41 Vukovar
RTOP-11 "Kralj Petar Krešimir"
OB-02 Šolta
LM-51 Korčula
Salvage ship Faust Vrančić
MOL anti-ship missile system

Missile boats

  • 2 Helsinki class  Finland - to possibly undergo an anti-aircraft systems upgrade
    • RTOP-41 Vukovar (1985)
    • RTOP-42 Dubrovnik (1986)

Patrol boats

  • 4 Mirna class  Croatia - radar equipment modernized in 2007 and new fast boats added in 2009-2012
    • OB-01 Novigrad (1980)
    • OB-02 Šolta (1982)
    • OB-03 Cavtat (1984)
    • OB-04 Hrvatska Kostajnica (1985)

Landing craft - Minelayer

Armed Landing Craft

  • Type 11
    • DJB-101
    • DJB-103
    • DJB-104
  • Type 22
    • DJB-105
    • DJB-106
  • Type 21
    • DJB-107

Minehunter

  • 1 Korčula class Croatia - to be installed with a remote-controlled submersible drone and undergo further upgrades
    • LM-51 Korčula (2006)

School ship

  • 1 Moma class  Poland
    • BŠ-72 Andrija Mohorovičić (1972)

Salvage Ship

  • 1 Spasilac class  Yugoslavia - due to undergo various upgrades for conducting ecological and SAR operations
    • BS-73 Faust Vrančić (1976)
  • plus about 20 other auxiliary ships and crafts

Coastal and other equipment[edit]

Current fleet status[edit]

RTOP-21 Sibenik

Two former Helsinki class missile boats, FNS Oulu and FNS Kotka, were acquired from Finland. They were renamed Vukovar and Dubrovnik respectively, and entered service in December, 2008. They were acquired along with a considerable amount of spare parts (most notably three MTU engines - to be installed on Kralj class vessels) due to a severe shortage of vessels at present. The price of these ships was €9 million and is considered rather symbolic, mostly because it was a part of the offset deal for the previous Croatian acquisition of Patria AMV armoured vehicles. The ships reached their full operational capability in June, 2009 and are set to remain in service until at least 2022. They may undergo an anti-aircraft systems' upgrade.

The Končar class missile boat Šibenik has been overhauled with new turbine engines and radars and is due to remain in service until 2018-2020. The Kralj class vessels were planned to be extensively modernized at a price of €20 million, but as a result of the recent acquisition of Helsinki class boats, they will probably undergo just an overhaul and an engine replacement, believed to be worth around €5 million per each ship.

Four patrol boats currently in service have been upgraded with new radars andstern anti-aircraft gun has been replaced with a hoist for a semi-rigid inflatable. These are to be augmented and eventually replaced by an entirely new class. Construction of the first out of the projected 5 vessels (more to follow later on) was scheduled to start in 2007, however the international tender for the construction of 1 + 4 vessels was published only on April 24, 2013. The tender calls for the acquisition of a total of 5 inshore patrol ship which are to be 42 meters long, with a displacement of roughly 220 tons and a maximum sustained speed of at least 28 knots. They are to be armed with a 30 mm Remote weapon station as their main armament along with two 12,7 mm heavy machine guns and a MANPADS launcher. The tender was in May 2014 and the construction of the first ship is to start in the last quarter of the same year. As projected, the first vessel is to enter service in 2015, the second one in 2016, the third and the fourth in 2017 and the last one in 2018. Units are projected to cost around 10 million euros respectively.[3]

Previously reported plans for the purchase of 2-4 offshore patrol vessels / surface combatants have been delayed for the time being but as stated by the MoD, the Navy is to continue developing its anti-surface and anti-shipping capabilities.

Future projects[edit]

  • Overhaul of existing 2 Kralj class fast attack craft, including new engines. Cost of program - 70 million Croatian Kuna - the project has been initiated with the complete overhaul of one of the vessels.
  • Five 42 meter patrol boats armed with 30mm Typhoon Weapon System stabilized remote weapon station and two 12.7mm Heavy Machine Guns- Cost of program - 380 million Croatian Kuna - an international tender for this project was published in April, 2013.[4] [5]
  • Following an endorsement by the Royal Norwegian Navy, the Strategic Defence Review has announced that the salvage ship Faust Vrančić will be upgraded to make it an effective platform for conducting various ecological operations.
  • Two Kulmbach class mine hunters are to enter service in a deal being negotiated with Germany. The price of the ships is still unknown but the said are due to enter service in 2015. [6]
  • At least one larger offshore patrol ship
  • Overhaul and modernization to Mark 2 level of yet an undisclosed number of RBS-15 missiles in 2014 or 2015 in Sweden.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]