Croatian Sign Language

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Croatian Sign Language
Hrvatski znakovni jezik
Native to Croatia
Native speakers
(no estimate available)
Language codes
ISO 639-3 csq

Croatian sign language (Hrvatski znakovni jezik, HZJ[1][2]) is a sign language of the deaf community in Croatia.[3][4] It is sometimes regarded as a dialect of Yugoslav Sign Language, although the dialectical diversity of the former Yugoslavia has not been assessed.[5]

The first school for the deaf in Croatia was formed in Zagreb in 1885.[6] The Sign Language and Deaf Culture conference was held in Zagreb, Croatia from May 3–5, 2001.[7] In 2004, a project to establish a grammar of HZJ was started by researchers at Purdue University and the University of Zagreb.[8]

By law Croatian Radiotelevision is to promote the translation of programs into HZJ.[9] Major centres of education in HZJ are found in Zagreb, Split, and Osijek.[10]

Organizations for the deaf in Croatia include the Croatian Association of Deafblind Persons DODIR, which was established in 1994.[11]

The basic word order in HZJ is subject–verb–object (SVO), as it is in spoken Croatian.[12] A two-handed manual alphabet is in widespread use; a one-handed alphabet based on the international manual alphabet, though less commonly used, has official status.[5][13][14]


  1. ^ Diane Brentari, Sign Languages, Cambridge University Press, 2010. (p.xix)
  2. ^ Herbert L. Colston, Albert N. Katz; Figurative language comprehension, Routledge, 2005. (p.316)
  3. ^ Croatian Sign Language, Ethnologue
  4. ^ Zakon o uporabi znakovnog jezika u Bosnia i Hercegovini
  5. ^ a b Bickford, J. Albert (2005) The Signed Languages of Eastern Europe
  6. ^ Croatia profile, The European Union of the Deaf
  7. ^ Cynthia J. Kellett Bidoli, Elana Ochse; English in International Deaf Communication, Peter Lang, 2008. (p.347)
  8. ^ A Basic Grammar of Croatian Sign Language
  9. ^ Zakon o Hrvatskoj Radioteleviziji
  10. ^ Tečaj HZJ
  11. ^ Croatian Association of Deafblind Persons DODIR
  12. ^ Information status and word order in Croatian Sign Language, Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics, November–December 2007; 21(11–12): 1007–1017.
  13. ^ Single-handed alphabet
  14. ^ Jednoručna abeceda

External links[edit]