Croatian parliamentary election, 2000

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Croatian parliamentary election, 2000
Croatia
1995 ←
3 January 2000 → 2003
members

All 151 seats to Hrvatski sabor
76 seats needed for a majority
  First party Second party
  Ivica Račan facingleft.jpg
Leader Ivica Račan Zlatko Mateša
(Prime Minister)
Party SDP HDZ
Last election 24 seats
(SDP, HSLS, PGS, SBHS)
75 seats
Seats won
71 / 151
46 / 151
Seat change Increase47 Decrease29
Popular vote 1,138,318 790,728
Percentage 38.7% 26.9%

  Third party Fourth party
  Zlatko Tomcic.png
Leader Zlatko Tomčić Anto Đapić
Party HSS HSP
Last election 16 seats
(HSS, IDS, HNS, ASH)
4 seats
(HSP, HKDU)
Seats won
25 / 151
5 / 151
Seat change Increase9 Increase1
Popular vote 432,527 152,699
Percentage 14.7% 5.2%

Croatian Parliamentary Election Results 2000.png

Results of the election in each of the ten electoral districts of Croatia: the party with the majority of votes in each electoral unit.
SDP-HSLS coalition: red; HDZ: blue

Prime Minister before election

Zlatko Mateša
HDZ

Subsequent Prime Minister

Ivica Račan
SDP

1992 election MPs
1995 election MPs
2000 election MPs
2003 election MPs
Coat of arms
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Croatia
Constitution
Foreign relations

Elections for the Chamber of Representatives of the Croatian Parliament were held on 3 January 2000. These were the first elections to be held after the expiration of a full term of the previous Chamber.

The ruling Croatian Democratic Union entered the elections weakened by the Zagreb Crisis, street protests and the series of corruption scandals that came to light in the previous parliamentary term. However, the most important factor was the deteriorating health of the party leader and Croatian president Franjo Tuđman, which sparked a succession struggle between various factions within the party.

On the other side, two major Croatian opposition parties - the Social Democratic Party of Croatia and Croatian Social Liberal Party - had their coalition formally agreed in 1998 and spent more than a year preparing for the elections. At first, they were to run together with the Croatian Peasant Party, Croatian People's Party, Istrian Democratic Assembly and Liberal Party, but as Tuđman's condition worsened leaders of the SDP and HSLS concluded that they could win elections even without those four other parties which later formed a separate bloc.

Like before all previous elections since the breakup of Yugoslavia, the electoral laws were altered in an attempt to improve the chances for the ruling party; this included a new voting system and redistricting. The First Past the Post constituencies introduced in the previous election were completely abandoned and Proportional Representation was implemented (with the exception of single representative ethnic minority seats). Croatia was divided into ten electoral districts, all drawn in order to maximise the support for HDZ. Each district had to elect 14 members, with candidates' lists having to win more than 5% of the votes in order to be represented in the Sabor.

Due to Tuđman's illness and death, the actual date of elections had been repeatedly postponed for constitutional reasons. There were speculations about elections being held during the Christmas holidays in order to have as many Croatian expatriates (traditional HDZ supporters) in the country, but the date of 3 January was chosen as the most suitable. As the day of the elections approached, its outcome became more certain. The campaign was brief and relatively uneventful with the HDZ being visibly weakened and demoralised by the death of its long-term leader. On the actual day of elections the turnout - the biggest since 1990 - indicated the Croatian people's desire to have their government changed.

In the end, a coalition of SDP-HSLS, together with a bloc of four other parties, won a two-thirds majority allowing them to amend the Constitution and turn the Republic from a semi-presidential system to a parliamentary system. A few weeks later Ivica Račan became the new Croatian prime minister.

Summary of votes and seats[edit]

Summary of the 3 January 2000 Croatian Parliament (Hrvatski Sabor) election results
Parties and coalitions Votes % Seats % Seat trend Seat change (%)
Coalition: 1,138,318 38.70
Social Democratic Party (Socijaldemokratska partija Hrvatske) 43 28.48 Increase +20.7
Croatian Social Liberal Party (Hrvatska socijalno liberalna stranka) 25 16.56 Increase +7.11
Alliance of Primorje-Gorski Kotar (Primorsko goranski savez) 2 1.32 Increase +0.54
Slavonia-Baranja Croatian Party (Slavonsko-baranjska hrvatska stranka) 1 0.66 Steady -0.12
Croatian Democratic Union (Hrvatska demokratska zajednica) 790,728 26.88 46 30.46 Decrease -28.60
Coalition: 432,527 14.70
Croatian Peasant Party (Hrvatska seljačka stranka) 17 11.26 Increase +3.39
Istrian Democratic Assembly (Istarski demokratski sabor/Dieta democratica Istriana) 4 2.65 Increase +0.31
Croatian People's Party (Hrvatska narodna stranka) 2 1.32 Steady -0.24
Liberal Party (Liberalna stranka) 2 1.32 Increase +1.32
Social Democratic Action of Croatia (Akcija socijaldemokrata Hrvatske) 0 0.00 Decrease -0.78
Coalition: 152,699 5.19
Croatian Party of Rights (Hrvatska stranka prava) 4 2.65 Steady -0.50
Croatian Christian Democratic Union (Hrvatska kršćanska demokratska unija) 1 0.66 Increase +0.66
Serb People's Party (Srpska narodna stranka) 12,396 47.72 1 0.66 Increase +0.66
Non-partisans 3 1.99
Total 2,941,306 70.5% 151 100.00
Invalid Votes 50,340
Votes Cast 2,991,646
Registered Voters 4,244,578
Source: HIDRA,[1] Adam Carr's Election Archive[2]
Popular vote
SDP - HSLS - PGS - SBHS
  
38.7%
HDZ
  
26.88%
HSS - IDS - HNS - LS - ASH
  
14.7%
HSP - HKDU
  
5.19%
Others
  
14.51%

Composition of Parliament[edit]

Diagram of final election results
Government   Opposition
                                                                                                       
                                                                                                       
                                                                                                       
Government:   SDP   HSLS   PGS   SBHS   HSS   IDS   HNS   Liberal   Minorities
Opposition:   HDZ   HSP   HKDU

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Službeni rezultati izbora zastupnika za Zastupnički dom Hrvatskoga državnog sabora održanih 2. i 3. siječnja 2000.". Croatian Information-Documentation Referral Agency (HIDRA). Retrieved 2011-11-21. 
  2. ^ State Electoral Commission. "Republic of Croatia - Legislative election of 3 January 2000". Adam Carr's Election Archive.