Croatian privatization controversy
||It has been suggested that this article be merged into Economy of Croatia. (Discuss) Proposed since January 2012.|
The Croatian privatization controversy is a common name used to describe matters associated with the criminal activity which plunged the Republic of Croatia into an economic depression immediately after its creation.
After the collapse of SFR Yugoslavia, President Tuđman of the Croatian Democratic Union (Croatian: Hrvatska Demokratska Zajednica, HDZ) initiated the process of privatization and de-nationalization in Croatia. However, this was far from transparent and fully legal. The inefficiency and slowness of the new government's legal system, as well as the wider context of the Yugoslav wars, caused numerous incidents known collectively in Croatia as the "Privatization Robbery" (privatizacijska pljačka). Nepotism was endemic, with the President deciding on a concept of "200 families" that would control all property in Croatia.
During this period many influential individuals, with the backing of the authorities, acquired state-owned property and companies at extremely low prices, afterwards selling them off piecemeal to the highest bidder for much larger sums. This proved very lucrative for the new owners, but in the vast majority of cases, this sell-off (along with the separation from previously-secured Yugoslav markets) also directly caused the bankruptcy of these successful companies, resulting in the unemployment of thousands and thousands of citizens - a problem with which Croatia still struggles to this day.
It is also beyond doubt that numerous shadowy figures who moved close to Tuđman, the centre of power in Croatian society, profited from this enormously, having amassed wealth with suspicious celerity. Although this phenomenon is common to the chaotic reforms that took place in most post-communist societies (the best example being Russia with her "oligarchs"), the majority of Croats are of the opinion that Tuđman could and should have prevented at least a part of these malfeasances because nothing similar took place in Slovenia which, like Croatia, achieved independence from Yugoslavia. The most common allegations that have emerged point to the likelihood that Tuđman personally profited.
The charge of nepotism and favoritism (elitism), frequently leveled at Tuđman himself, was resolved in 2007 when his daughter, Nevenka Tuđman, was found guilty of corruption, but set free because too many years had passed from the time of the crime. There are also other instances of apparent family nepotism. His son Miroslav Tuđman occupied the position of Chief of the HIS, the Croatian secret service, during the time of his father's presidency  and in second half of the 1990s (Franjo Tuđman's second tenure), his grandchild, Dejan Košutić, became the owner of Kaptol Bank  and emigrated from Croatia to Serbia after his grandfather's death. He returned only in 2005 to launch the information security consulting company Kvadra Savjetovanje d.o.o. .
Franjo Tuđman is often accused of having acquired his personal property by dishonest means.
- Berislav Jelinić (3 August 2009). "Ivić Pašalić tajni ortak Hypo banke" [Ivić Pašalić is a silent partner of Hypo Banka] (in Croatian). Nacional. Archived from the original on 23 July 2012. Retrieved 23 July 2012. "Polovinom 90-ih Tuđman je odobrio projekt Ivića Pašalića baziran na Tuđmanovoj ideji o 200 obitelji koje bi vladale hrvatskom imovinom"
- "Charges Raised Against Nevenka Tudman". vijesti. 13 October 2002. Retrieved 2007-09-26.
- "Late President's Daughter Charged with Crime". abanet. October 2002. Retrieved 2007-09-26.[dead link]
- "SUD Nevenka Tuđman i drugi put oslobođena" (in Croatian). vijesti. 8 February 2007. Archived from the original on 2007-11-13. Retrieved 2007-09-26.
- Martina Zeković (8 February 2007). "Nevenka Tuđman oslobođena optužbi" [Nevenka Tuđman cleared of charges] (in Croatian). Nacional (weekly). Archived from the original on 30 June 2012. Retrieved 30 June 2012.
- "blaskic Footnotes" (in French). pub. 2007. Archived from the original on 2008-03-03. Retrieved 2007-09-26. "701 - Rapport des services croates de renseignement (« HIS ») daté du 21 mars 1994, signé par le directeur du HIS, Miroslav Tudman, et adressé à Franjo Tudman."
- "Vjesnik Newspaper - Politika section" (PDF). Vjesnik (in Croatian). 9 March 2001. Retrieved 2007-09-26.[dead link]
- Ivica Djikic (AIM Zagreb) (2001-11-29). "CORRUPTION, CROATIA'S TRAGEDY". aimpress. Retrieved 2007-09-26.