Croats in Slovakia

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Croatia, Historic Coat of Arms, first red square.svg
Old ethnic map of the Hungarian Kingdom with the census results from 1880. The Croatian-populated areas around Bratislava (Pressburg) are also represented

The Croats (Hrvati in Croatian, Chorváti in Slovak) are an ethnic minority in Slovakia, numbering 850 people according to the 2001 census, although the relatively compact Croatian community may number as many as 3500 people. The Croatian minority has a member in the Slovak Council for Minorities.[1]

Croats mainly live in the Bratislava Region. They came there during the Ottoman wars in Croatia, with most arriving between 1530 and 1570.[2] This emigration started after the Battle of Mohács in 1528, with most of the migrants coming from the Sisak region, Kostajnica, Čazma, Križevci, Slunj, and Slavonia.[1]

Traditionally Croat-populated villages in Slovakia are Chorvátsky Grob (Hrvatski Grob), Čunovo, Devínska Nová Ves (Devinsko Novo Selo), Rusovce (Rosvar) and Jarovce (Hrvatski Jandrof).

Croatian organisations in Slovakia include the Croatian Cultural Alliance as well as several smaller folklore groups. The writer of the first Croatian-Slovak dictionary, Ferdinand Takač is a Croat from Chorvátsky Grob.[3]

Since Slovak independence, the Croats of Slovakia have maintained good ties with other autochthonous Croatian communities in Austria, the Czech Republic and Hungary.[4]

The former President of Slovakia Ivan Gašparovič is of Croat descent.[5]

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