Croats of Serbia
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|Related ethnic groups|
|Bunjevci, Šokci, Serbs, other South Slavs|
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Croats of Serbia or Serbian Croats (Croatian: Hrvati u Srbiji, Serbian: Хрвати у Србији / Hrvati u Srbiji) are the recognized Croat national minority in Serbia. They were recognized as national minority in 2002. According to the 2011 census, there were 57,900 Croats in Serbia or 0.8% of the population. 54,789 of them lived in Vojvodina (constituting 2.7% of the population of the province and the fourth largest ethnic group in the region) and the rest in Central Serbia (of which most in Belgrade).
Most Croats in Serbia live in Vojvodina, then in Belgrade while in other parts of Serbia (Šumadija and Western Serbia, Southern and Eastern Serbia) lives less number of Croats. Janjevci are Croatian inhabitants of the Kosovo town of Janjevo and surrounding villages, located near Pristina as well as villages centered on Letnica near Vitina (Papare, Vrmez, Vrnavo Kolo).
|This section requires expansion. (June 2012)|
The number of Croats in Serbia was somewhat larger in previous censuses that were conducted between 1948 and 1991. However, the real number of declared Croats in the time when these censuses were conducted may have been smaller because the communist authorities counted those citizens who declared themselves Bunjevci or Šokci as Croats. Today, most members of the Šokci community consider themselves Croats, while one part of the Bunjevci population see themselves as members of the distinct Bunjevci ethnicity or as Yugoslavs, while other part sees themselves as Croats. Some individuals of Croat origin might also declare themselves as Yugoslavs in the census; it is questionable whether they could be counted as Croats since Yugoslavs are recognized as a separate nationality in Serbia.
The largest recorded number of Croats in a census was in 1961 when there were 196,409 Croats (including Bunjevci and Šokci) in the Socialist Republic of Serbia (around 2.57% of the total population of Serbia at the time).
Since 1961 census, the Croat population in Serbia is in a constant decrease. This is caused by various reasons, including economic emigration, and ethnic tensions of the Yugoslav wars during 1990s, more specifically the 1991-1995 War in Croatia. During this war-time period, Croats in Serbia were under pressure from the Serbian Radical Party and some Serb refugees from Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina to move to Croatia. In that time, a transfer of population occurred between Croats from Serbia and Serbs from Croatia. Based on an investigation by the Humanitarian Law Fund from Belgrade in the course of June, July, and August 1992, more than 10,000 Croats from Vojvodina exchanged their property for the property of Serbs from Croatia, and altogether about 20,000 Croats left Vojvodina. According to Petar Kuntić of Democratic Alliance of Croats in Vojvodina, 50,000 Croats moved out from Serbia during the Yugoslav wars.
Number of Croats in Serbia according to various censuses:
- 1948: 169,864 (2.60%)
- 1953: 173,246 (2.48%)
- 1961: 196,409 (2.57%)
- 1971: 184,913 (2.19%)
- 1981: 149,368 (1.60%)
- 1991: 105,406 (1.08%) or (excluding the territory of Kosovo) 97,344 (1.24%)
- 2002: (excluding the territory of Kosovo) 70,602 (0.94%)
Note: In the 1991 and 2002 censuses, Bunjevci were listed as a separate ethnicity, while Šokci were listed in the category "Others". Before that, from 1948 to 1981, census results listed declared members of these two communities as Croats, due to the order issued by the Yugoslav communist authorities in May 14, 1945. The number of people in Serbia who had declared themselves as members of the Bunjevac nationality was 20,012 in the 2002 census, while the number of declared Šokci was not given separately, but it is estimated between 1,000 and 2,000 people. From 1948 to 1991, the census results are given for the entire territory of Serbia, while the 2002 census results are given for the territory of Serbia that exclude Kosovo.
The Croats of Serbia are politically represented by several political parties, including: Democratic League of Croats in Vojvodina, Demokratska zajednica Hrvata (Democratic Union of Croats), Hrvatska bunjevačko-šokačka stranka (Croatian Bunjevac-Šokac Party), Hrvatski narodni savez (Croatian national alliance) and Hrvatska srijemska inicijativa (Croatian Syrmian Initiative).
The Croat National Council (Хрватски национални савет, Hrvatski nacionalni savet; Hrvatsko nacionalno vijeće) is, according to its Statute, a body of self-government of Croat minority in Serbia.
Notable Croats of Serbia
- Aljoša Vučković, actor
- Milan Štrljić, actor
- Iva Štrljić, actress (by father)
- Milan Štrljić, actor
- Neda Arnerić, actress (by father)
- Anja Alač, actress (by father)
- Ana Bebić, singer from Metković, residing in Belgrade
- Vanja Udovičić, water polo player
- Marija Omaljev, actress.
- Croats of Vojvodina
- Croats in Bosnia and Herzegovina
- Croats of Montenegro
- Croats in Kosovo
- Croats of Romania
- Croats in Hungary
- Demographic history of Serbia
- Ethnic groups of Vojvodina
- "Hrvatska manjina u Republici Srbiji". rs.mvp.hr (in Croatian). Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs of the Republic of Croatia. Retrieved 1 April 2012.
- "Official Census 2011 Results". Republički zavod za statistiku. Retrieved 3 February 2013.
- (Croatian) Pismo prognanih Hrvata Josipoviću[dead link]
- July 13, 1992 Vreme News Digest Agency No 42, Hrtkovci, The Moving Out Continues, by Jasmina Teodosijevic
- Serbia Facing Chauvinism Again, Awakening of rats
- (Croatian) Oko stotinu protjeranih Hrvata iz Vojvodine stiglo u Hrvatsku 10 August 1995
- (Croatian) Dom i svijet - Broj 220, Kako su Hrvati protjerani iz Vojvodine bolji zivot pronasli u Hrvatskoj, Hrtkovci u Slavoniji
- Croats in Serbia which is not in war with Croatia, With head stuck into sand
- (Serbian) Sedamnaest godina od proterivanja Hrvata iz Hrtkovaca, Zoran Glavonjić
- Anniversary of SRS rally in Vojvodina town
-  (PDF, English)
- Croats in Vojvodina
- (Croatian) Hrvati Bunjevci traže da se prekinu podjele hrvatske etničke zajednice
- (Croatian) Proslava 250. obljetnice doseljavanja veće skupine Bunjevaca (1686.-1936.)
- (Croatian) Tko su Šokci?
- (Croatian) Hrvatska riječ weekley
- (Croatian) Zajednica protjeranih Hrvata iz Srijema Bačke i Banata
- (Croatian) Hrvati Vojvodine: Josipoviću i Tadiću, zaštitite nas! Otvoreno pismo. Published 17 Feb 2011 by Večernji list.