War Merit Cross (Italy)

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War Merit Cross
Croce di guerra al merito (recto).svg
War Merit Cross
Awarded by  Italy
Eligibility Members of the Italian armed forces
Awarded for One year of service in combat operations
Being wounded in combat
Statistics
Established 19 January 1918
Precedence
Next (higher) War Cross for Military Valor[1]
Next (lower) Army Merit Cross[1]
Croce di guerra al merito BAR.svg
Ribbon bar of the cross
Croce di guerra al merito SC BAR.svg
Ribbon bar of the cross for two awards

The Italian War Merit Cross (Italian: Croce al Merito di Guerra) was instituted by King Victor Emanuel III on 19 January 1918.[2]

From its institution until 30 May 1927, 1,034,924 Crosses were issued.[3]

Eligibility[edit]

The Italian War Merit Cross was awarded to members of the armed forces with a minimum of one year's service in contact with an enemy who received the Medal of the Wounded, or to those who, when mentioned for war merit, received a promotion. Also, if an act of valour was deemed insufficient for the Medal of Military Valour, the War Merit Cross could be awarded instead; from 1922 onwards a bronze sword on the ribbon showed this class of award.

Design[edit]

The War Merit Cross was in bronze, 38mm wide (1-1/2 inches), with a blue ribbon. A second award was indicated by a bronze star on the ribbon.[2] The reverse side bears a 5-pointed star on a background of rays. The obverse has the royal cypher ("VE III" under a crown) in the upper arm, "MERITO DI GVERRA" (War Merit) on the horizontal arms and a Roman sword point upwards, on oak leaves, in the lower arm. During World War II, the War Merit Cross underwent a number of significant changes.[3]

In 1941, by decree, the War Merit Cross was replaced by the Medal of Military Valour.

Notable recipients[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Esercito Italiano- Nastrini delle decorazioni in uso" (in Italian). Esercito.difesa.it. Retrieved 2012-05-30. 
  2. ^ a b "Italian Army Awards and Medals WW1". diggerhistory. 11 Nov 2002. Retrieved 17 October 2010. 
  3. ^ a b Shackelford, Micheal (1998). "Medals of Italy". Retrieved 17 October 2010.