|Country||United States of America|
|• Total||6.6 sq mi (17.1 km2)|
|• Land||6.6 sq mi (17.1 km2)|
|• Water||0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)|
|Elevation||98 ft (30 m)|
|• Density||4,135/sq mi (1,596.6/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0590046|
Crofton is a census-designated place and planned community in Anne Arundel County, Maryland, United States. Crofton is located 24 miles (39 km) south of Baltimore, 14 miles (23 km) west of Annapolis, and 24 miles (39 km) east-northeast of Washington, D.C. As of the 2010 census, it had a population of 27,348. The community was established in 1964.
In July 2007 Crofton was named by Money magazine as one of "100 Best Places to Live" in the United States. Crofton placed 72nd out of 100 cities on the list. It was selected for its relative anonymity while still boasting many major amenities, excellent schools, and sought-after location. Crofton was selected again for the magazine's 2011 list, this time placing 82nd.
In 1963, after the Crawford Corporation accumulated over 1,600 acres (650 ha) of land, it announced that it would build a new community called Crofton. This new town and planned community was founded at the same time as Reston, Virginia (April 17, 1964) and Columbia, Maryland (1967). Crofton would be anchored by a community golf course, which later became the Crofton Country Club. Crofton was officially founded in the fall of 1964. The company considered picking an English name for the new town that "sounds well and implies that this is a pleasant place to live." It ended up picking the name "Crofton", named after a small township in Cumberland County, England. The English town was originally called Croft-town, derived from the word "Croft", as the town standing upon the Crofts. Originally an exclusive gated community, Crofton's gates were opened and they now only serve as a symbol for the community.
The original community of Crofton was built within a triangle formed by three major roads: Crain Highway (Maryland Route 3) to the northwest, Davidsonville Road (Maryland Route 424) to the northeast, and Defense Highway (Maryland Route 450) to the south. Within the triangle, Crofton Parkway, a loop road 3.5 miles (5.6 km) long, encircles the center of the community. Crofton Parkway is the scene of yearly parades, two of the community's five elementary schools, the Town Hall, Village Green, community events, Crofton Country Club, and walkers, joggers and bikers around the loop. Crofton also has a community pool, the Crofton Swim and Tennis Club (CSTC), which is restricted to those inhabitants of the triangle.
The Crofton CDP now extends north and east from the triangle, including Crofton Park and reaching northeast as far as St. Stephens Church Road.
- Crofton Elementary School
- Crofton Woods Elementary School
- Crofton Meadows Elementary School
- Nantucket Elementary School
- Crofton Middle School
BRAC realignments led to increases in residential and commercial development in Crofton, which led to overcrowding in schools. In 2013, a redistricting proposal was approved for Crofton schools to accommodate an increase in students that was not previously planned for. While most current plans address overcrowding in elementary schools, county officials have not yet addressed needs at the Middle and High School level.
The population density was 3,998.6 people per square mile (1,545.3/km²). There were 7,573 housing units at an average density of 1,507.2 per square mile (582.5/km²). The racial makeup of the community was 90.21% White, 5.13% African American, 0.23% Native American, 2.33% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.60% from other races, and 1.44% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.48% of the population.
There were 7,404 households out of which 40.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.9% were married couples living together, 10.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.0% were non-families. 20.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.69 and the average family size was 3.13.
In the community the population was spread out with 28.6% under the age of 18, 6.0% from 18 to 24, 35.6% from 25 to 44, 23.2% from 45 to 64, and 6.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 94.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.2 males.
According to a 2007 estimate, the median income for a household in the area was $93,198, and the median income for a family was $101,644. Males had a median income of $56,819 versus $41,229 for females. The per capita income for the area was $33,518. About 2.0% of families and 2.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.0% of those under age 18 and 2.3% of those age 65 or over.
Increase in Minority Population
2010 census data show an increase in the number of minorities living in Crofton. The racial makeup of the community as of 2010 was 77.3% White (-12.9%), 11.3% Black (+6.2%), 4.9% Hispanic (+2.4%), 3.3% two or more races (+1.9%), 2.5% Asian (+.17%), .3% Native American. (+.1%).
The U.S. Census Bureau has recorded the following populations for the Crofton census-designated place.
Crime and law enforcement
Crofton pond snakehead fish incident
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (February 2013)|
Crofton was in the national news in late June and early July 2002 after a Northern Snakehead fish was discovered in a pond behind the Crofton post office (not the local landmark Lake Louise, but instead across Route 3 from it).
The snakehead species, which is highly aggressive, voracious, and can walk short distances on land, came from a live Asian food market, where the fish is a delicacy. In order to ensure that the fish were eliminated, the pond was dosed heavily with rotenone and subsequently with potassium permanganate, on September 17, 2002. Six adult snakeheads and more than one thousand juvenile fish were found and destroyed.
Ultimately, the incident initiated a national discussion on invasive species and comparisons with the mute swan, also an invasive and destructive species of the Chesapeake Bay watershed but, in comparison, quite beautiful, and which garnered support from some environmental and animal rights groups.
There have been several movies inspired by this incident. Syfy has aired two movies in relation to the snakehead outbreak. In March 2004, a movie called Snakehead Terror was featured, and in June 2004, the movie Frankenfish was aired. There has also been a movie produced by Ten Pound Films titled Swarm of the Snakehead which related to this incident.
In 2007, a documentary on the National Geographic Channel titled Fishzilla: Snakehead Invasion aired that discussed the ecological damage that the snakeheads found in Crofton have done to surrounding areas.
- Whites Hall - birthplace for Johns Hopkins. Gerrard Hopkins was the first to come to America from England, settling in Crofton in 1660. The Hopkins family was in the Crofton area for 270 years and accumulated more than 1,000 acres (400 ha) of land. Whites Hall still exists near the corner of Reidel Road and Johns Hopkins Road. It is privately owned.
- Linthicum Walks - a home built over 200 years ago by Thomas Linthicum III, a member of an influential family in Anne Arundel County. The original grant for the land was to Evan Davis in 1672 and obtained in 1699 by Thomas Linthicum, a Welsh immigrant. It was part of a medium-sized tobacco farm. George Washington stayed here during his travels to and from Annapolis and Philadelphia and his home at Mount Vernon, Virginia. Located next to Crofton Middle School and the planned location for Crofton High School, Linthicum Walks is owned by Anne Arundel County, run by the Department of Recreation and Parks and is currently being restored. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1984.
- Katcef Archeological Site - archaeological site listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1991.
|This section needs additional citations for verification. (February 2013)|
- Spiro Agnew - originally of Baltimore County, one of his homes following his resignation as Vice President of the United States was in Crofton.
- Kyle Beckerman - Major League Soccer player for Real Salt Lake. Raised in Crofton
- Bill Belichick - coach of the New England Patriots was raised in Crofton and went to Annapolis High
- Peter Bondra - Hockey player
- Steven Fischer - filmmaker and Emmy Award nominee, graduate of Arundel High School, resided in Crofton.
- Johns Hopkins - businessman involved in the building of the B&O Railroad, founded Johns Hopkins University and Johns Hopkins Hospital
- Chris Kubasik - President and Chief Operating Officer of Lockheed Martin Corporation, now living in Potomac, MD, was raised in Crofton and went to Arundel High School.
- Alan Linhart - also known as Cereal Killaz, a Nu skool breaks act, resides in Crofton.[unreliable source?]
- Charles Thomas McMillen - former Democratic congressman, Rhodes Scholar, and pro basketball player.
- Gheorghe Mureşan - former pro basketball player for the Washington Bullets (1993–1998), holds the record as being the tallest man ever to play in the NBA.
- Edward Snowden Leaked sensitive government documents regarding mass surveillance. Attended elementary school in Crofton
- "DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010". 2010 United States Census Summary File 1. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 6, 2011.
- Ashford, Kate; Andrea Bartz, Jeff Cox, Asa Fitch, Stephen Gandel, Josh Hyatt, Rob Kelley, Kathleen Knight, Joe Light, Ismat Sarah Mangla, Sarah Max, Jennifer Merritt, Brad Nelson, Donna Rosato, Ingrid Tharasook (2007). "Best Places to Live: Top 100". Money Magazine. Money Magazine. Retrieved 2007-09-14.
- "Best Places to Live 2011". Money Magazine. Money Magazine. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-02.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Crofton CDP, Maryland". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved May 30, 2013.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- American Fact Finder
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2008-04-15.
- Alan Zarbizarre Linhart. Facebook.
- Browne, Joseph L., From Sotweed to Suburbia: A History of the Crofton, Maryland Area, 40th Anniversary version, 1660-1960. Baltimore: Gateway Press, Inc., published by the Crofton Rotary to fund the restoration of Linthicum Walks.
- Crofton Small Area Plan