Cromartie Sutherland-Leveson-Gower, 4th Duke of Sutherland

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The Duke of Sutherland
Blason Comtes de Sutherland.svg
Arms of the Earl of Sutherland
Born (1851-07-20)20 July 1851
London
Died 27 June 1913(1913-06-27) (aged 61)
Title Duke of Sutherland
Tenure 22 September 1892 – 27 June 1913
Other titles Earl of Sutherland
Predecessor George Sutherland-Leveson-Gower, 3rd Duke of Sutherland
Successor George Sutherland-Leveson-Gower, 5th Duke of Sutherland
Spouse(s) Lady Millicent St Clair-Erskine
Parents George Sutherland-Leveson-Gower, 3rd Duke of Sutherland

Cromartie Sutherland-Leveson-Gower, 4th Duke of Sutherland (20 July 1851– 27 June 1913[1]), KG, styled Lord Cromartie Sutherland-Leveson-Gower until 1858, Earl Gower between 1858 and 1861 and Marquess of Stafford between 1861 and 1892, was a British peer and politician.

Background[edit]

Sutherland was the eldest son of George Sutherland-Leveson-Gower, 3rd Duke of Sutherland. He was born in London and educated at Eton College.[2] Despite being very wealthy, Sutherland became concerned that his landed estates were no longer viable. Towards the end of his life he disposed of properties in the UK (such as Trentham Hall and Stafford House) and began moving his wealth to Canada.[3] His political allegiances shifted from the Liberal Party to the Conservative Party.

Military career[edit]

As Marquess of Stafford, Sutherland entered the 2nd Life Guards as Cornet, retiring from regular army service as Lieutenant in 1875.[2] He was commissioned Captain in the Staffordshire Yeomanry in 1876 and commanded that regiment as Lieutenant-Colonel from 1891 to 1898, after which he became its honorary colonel.[4] He was also Lieutenant-Colonel of the Sutherland Rifles, a volunteer regiment of his Scots ducal county, from 1882 to 1891.[2] From 1911 to his death he was honorary colonel of the 5th Territorial Force battalion of the Seaforth Highlanders.[5]

He was President of the Staffordshire Territorial Forces Association from the formation of the Territorial Force in 1908.[5]

Political career[edit]

Sutherland served as MP for Sutherland. On succeeding to his father's peerage in 1892, he became a member of the House of Lords, sitting on the Conservative benches. He was also served as Mayor of Longton, near Stoke-on-Trent, Staffordshire, in 1895-96, and was Alderman of the borough from 1898.[5]

Honours[edit]

The Duke was made KG in 1902.[2]

Sporting Interests[edit]

The Duke was for some time Master of Foxhounds of the North Staffordshire Hunt.[6]

Family[edit]

He married Lady Millicent St Clair-Erskine, daughter of Robert St Clair-Erskine, 4th Earl of Rosslyn, on 20 October 1884. They had four children:

In 1900 the Duke of Sutherland owned about 1,358,000 acres (550,000 hectares) and the steam yacht Catania, which was chartered by some of the super-rich of that era.

The Duke died at Dunrobin Castle, Sutherlandshire, on 27 June 1913, aged sixty-one, and was buried at Dunrobin.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Who's Who 1914, p. xxiv, has 26 June as the date of death
  2. ^ a b c d The Complete Peerage, Volume XII. St Catherine's Press. 1953. p. 567. 
  3. ^ Duke of Sutherland dead, New York Times
  4. ^ Kelly's Handbook of the Titled, Landed and Official Classes, 1900. Kelly's. p. 1301. 
  5. ^ a b c Kelly's Handbook of the Titled, Landed and Official Classes, 1913. Kelly's. p. 1648. 
  6. ^ a b The Complete Peerage, Volume XII. p. 568. 

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Lord Ronald Gower
Member of Parliament for Sutherland
18741886
Succeeded by
Angus Sutherland
Honorary titles
Preceded by
The 3rd Duke of Sutherland
Lord Lieutenant of Sutherland
1892–1913
Succeeded by
The 5th Duke of Sutherland
Peerage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
George Sutherland-Leveson-Gower
Duke of Sutherland
1892–1913
Succeeded by
George Sutherland-Leveson-Gower