Crombie Street District

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Crombie Street District
William Pike house.jpg
Crombie Street house of William Pike, friend of Nathaniel Hawthorne.
Crombie Street District is located in Massachusetts
Crombie Street District
Location Salem, Massachusetts
Coordinates 42°31′14″N 70°53′52″W / 42.52056°N 70.89778°W / 42.52056; -70.89778Coordinates: 42°31′14″N 70°53′52″W / 42.52056°N 70.89778°W / 42.52056; -70.89778
Architectural style Italianate, Georgian, Federal
Governing body Private
MPS Downtown Salem MRA
NRHP Reference #

83000575

[1]
Added to NRHP September 16, 1983

The Crombie Street District in Salem, Massachusetts encompasses a small residential enclave in a now urbanized part of central Salem. It consists of seven houses and one church, located at 7-15 and 16-18 Crombie St., and 13 Barton Street.[2] The district was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1983.[1]

Crombie Street was laid out in 1805 by Benjamin Crombie, who owned a tavern on nearby Essex Street. He sold off all of that property by 1819, at which time only two of the surviving houses (#9 and #15 Crombie) had been built. The house at #9 was built by Crombie c. 1809, and was occupied and eventually purchased by Joel Bowker, a leading Salem merchant and developer (one of Bowker's properties survives on Essex Street near the Peabody Essex Museum). The house is an elegant brick Federalist that was altered in the 1860s with the addition of Italianate styling. The house at #15 is a 2.5 story wood frame building that has retained its Federal styling.[2]

The William Pike house, at 18 Crombie Street, is a c. 1770 house that was moved to Crombie Street in 1830. It is a 2.5 story Georgian house with a gambrel roof. William Pike was an abolitionist and an associate of Nathaniel Hawthorne, who played an important role in the Underground Railroad.

See also[edit]

Salem - 1820

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2008-04-15. 
  2. ^ a b "NRHP nomination for Crombie Street District". Commonwealth of Massachusetts. Retrieved 2014-01-08.