Location of Cromwell, Oklahoma
|• Total||1.1 sq mi (2.8 km2)|
|• Land||1.1 sq mi (2.8 km2)|
|• Water||0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)|
|Elevation||961 ft (293 m)|
|• Density||247.7/sq mi (95.7/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||1091830|
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (August 2008)|
Cromwell was a wild and wooly town in the early 1920s. The town was said to be full of saloons, brothels and outlaws. On Halloween night, 1924, Cromwell Town Marshal and legendary Old West lawman Bill Tilghman was shot outside of a cafe called "Ma Murphy's", by a corrupt prohibition agent named Wiley Lynn. Tilghman died in the early morning hours of the first of November. Tilghman had been brought in to help bring the town under control. One month later the town of Cromwell was torched, with every brothel, bar, flop house and pool hall having been burned to the ground allegedly by friends of Tilghman. There was no investigation into the massive fire, and Cromwell never recovered its former wild status.
As of the census of 2000, there were 265 people, 97 households, and 77 families residing in the town. The population density was 247.7 people per square mile (95.6/km²). There were 113 housing units at an average density of 105.6 per square mile (40.8/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 71.70% White, 0.75% African American, 19.25% Native American, 3.02% from other races, and 5.28% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.02% of the population.
There were 97 households out of which 36.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.7% were married couples living together, 15.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.6% were non-families. 17.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.73 and the average family size was 3.08.
In the town the population was spread out with 29.1% under the age of 18, 4.9% from 18 to 24, 24.2% from 25 to 44, 26.8% from 45 to 64, and 15.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 84.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.3 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $30,833, and the median income for a family was $31,607. Males had a median income of $18,750 versus $21,250 for females. The per capita income for the town was $12,751. About 15.2% of families and 20.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 30.0% of those under the age of eighteen and none of those sixty five or over.