Crookes

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Coordinates: 53°23′02″N 1°30′29″W / 53.384°N 1.508°W / 53.384; -1.508

Crookes
Crookes is located in Sheffield
Crookes
Crookes
 Crookes shown within Sheffield
Population 10,507 [1]
Metropolitan borough City of Sheffield
Metropolitan county South Yorkshire
Region Yorkshire and the Humber
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town SHEFFIELD
Postcode district S10
Dialling code 0114
Police South Yorkshire
Fire South Yorkshire
Ambulance Yorkshire
EU Parliament Yorkshire and the Humber
UK Parliament Sheffield Central, Sheffield Hallam and Sheffield Hillsborough
List of places
UK
England
Yorkshire

Crookes is a suburb of the City of Sheffield, England, about 1.5 miles (2.4 km) west of the city centre. It borders Broomhill to the south, Walkley and Crookesmoor to the east and open countryside around the River Rivelin to the north. The suburb is said to derive its name from the Old Norse "Krkor" which means a nook or corner of land.[2]

The Bole Hills ( 53°23′26″N 1°30′38″W / 53.390597°N 1.510491°W / 53.390597; -1.510491 (Bole Hills) ) at Crookes, overlooking the Rivelin Valley, was the site of open air smelting, and Bronze Age (about 1500 BC) funerary remains, similar to those of contemporary tribes sometimes called the Urn people, were found near this site in 1887. Sidney Addy reports the find in his 1888 book on the Sheffield area [3] citing;

Bole Hills, Crookes, Sheffield (overlooking Rivelin Valley)

"On Easter Sunday [1887] Mr. Herbert T. Watkinson, of Summer Street, was walking in Cocked Hat Lane, (later to become Tinker Lane) near the Bole Hills, at Crookes, when he noticed in the side of an excavation that had been made for the foundations of some new houses what looked like a drain pipe. Closer examination revealed two rude earthenware urns, one inverted within the other, and the two containing a quantity of calcined bones, some broken fragments of a bronze spear-head or dagger, and a smaller urn pierced on one side with two round holes. The outer urn fell to pieces, but the one inverted within it was recovered whole. It is of a type very common in British burial mounds, and stands 9½ inches high, and measures across the mouth 7¼ inches, while the largest circumference is 26 inches. It is ornamented with the familiar straight and diagonal lines, and rows of dots. The urns lay six or eight inches below the surface, and were surrounded with charcoal. We are glad to hear that this curious relic of our ancient British ancestors will be exhibited in the Weston Park Museum."

The urn was discovered near St Antony's Well, which was believed to have medicinal properties.[4]

View from Crookes towards Upperthorpe in 1826.

Crookes lies near the course of a Roman road from Templeborough to Brough-on-Noe. This area was sparsely settled until the 1790s, when a turnpike road was opened from Sheffield to Glossop, running via the southern end of Crookes, spurring development of the area. Names of roads such as Truswell Road, Headland Road, and Headland Drive are references to the mediaeval open fields that survived in this area into the late 18th century. In the 19th century this area became a popular 'holiday' spot for residents of Sheffield to escape the soot and grime of the town.

Mulehouse Road, Crookes, Sheffield

The centre of Crookes is focused on the main road which runs through the suburb, Crookes Road, which connects Broomhill and Crookes before merging into Northfield Road. Crookes Road features the majority of Crookes' shops and businesses, which include a Cooperative, a Sainsbury's and numerous small local stores. Popular institutions include St. Thomas' church on Nairn Street, Crookes Working Men's Club, on Mulehouse Road. Crookes Working Men's Club was established in 1926 and was a venue of Def Leppard who played there in 1979. Notable pubs in Crookes include The Old Grindstone, The Princess Royal, Masons Arms, The Cobden View Hotel, The Punchbowl, The Ball Inn and Noah's Ark.[5]

Famous people from Crookes include Joe Cocker as well as Def Leppard members Joe Elliot and Rick Savage.

A large number of students from the University of Sheffield live in the area. Indie pop band The Crookes are University of Sheffield alumni and named themselves after the suburb, their founding members Daniel Hopewell and Alex Saunders having lived in the area during their time as students there.

The instrumental track "The Bus To Crookes" by The Human League was inspired by a bus journey to the area. At present, Crookes is served by the 52 bus, which runs from the city centre through Broomhill to Crookes and Hillsborough.

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