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A crore (/ˈkrɔər/; abbreviated cr) is a unit in the South Asian numbering system equal to ten million (10,000,000; in scientific notation: 107), which is written in these regions as 1,00,00,000, equal to a hundred lakh (a lakh is equal to one hundred thousand and is written as 1,00,000). It is widely used in India, Bangladesh, Pakistan, and Nepal. The South Asian numbering system is used in Hindi, Bengali, Urdu, and Nepali.



Large amounts of money in India are often written in terms of crores. For example, 100,000,000 (one hundred million) Indian rupees is written as ten crore rupees or INR10 crore, or Rs 10 crore.

Trillions of INR are often written or spoken of in terms of lakh crore. For example, one trillion rupees is:

= one lakh crore rupees
= INR1 lakh cr
= Rs 1 lakh cr
= Rs 1 × (1,00,000 × 1,00,00,000)
= Rs 10,00,00,00,00,000
= Rs 1,000,000,000,000 in Western notation
= Rs 1 trillion (short scale)
= 1012 rupees.

Although lakh is used in Sri Lanka, most Sri Lankans do not use the term crore when referring to money, but they use the word koatiya (කෝටිය) or koti (கோடி) to indicate 100 lakh, or ten million, the same as a crore.

Etymology and regional variants[edit]

The word crore is derived from the Prakrit word krodi,[1] denoting ten million in the Indian numbering system, which has separate terms for most powers of ten from 100 up to 1019. The crore is known by various regional names in modern languages.

South Asian languages[edit]

  • Assamese: কোটি kûti, কৌটি kouti
  • Bengali: কোটি koṭi
  • Hindi: करोड़ kroṛ or karoṛ
  • Gujarati: કરોડ karoḍ
  • Kannada: ಕೋಟಿ koṭi
  • Konkani: कोटि koṭi or करोऱ karoṛ
  • Malayalam: കോടി koḍi (often written koti)
  • Marathi: कोटि koṭi, slang = khokhā (which in Marathi means a 'huge box'): that is the amount of money in Rs. 100 notes that can fit into a khokha.)
  • Nepali: करोड karod
  • Oriya: କୋଟି koṭi
  • Pāli: koṭi
  • Pashto: خبری korur
  • Punjabi: کروڑ - ਕਰੋੜ karoṛ (often written karor)
  • Sindhi: kiroṛu
  • Sinhala කෝටිය koṭiya
  • Tamil: கோடி koṭi
  • Telugu: కోటీ koṭī
  • Urdu: کروڑ karoṛ
  • Tamil: கோடி kodi
  • Telugu: కొటి koti
  • Marathi: कोटी koti
  • Kannada: ಕೋಟಿ koti

In other languages[edit]

  • Arabic: الكرور عشرة ملايين al-krūr ('ashra malāyyin)
  • Burmese: ကုဋေ [ɡədè] (increasingly archaic)
  • Chinese: 克若爾 or 克若尔 kèruò’ěr; 俱胝 jùzhī in Buddhist texts; 一千萬 or 一千万 yī qiānwàn in ordinary Standard Mandarin
  • Japanese: クロー kurō (but senman is normally used)
  • Kapampangan: katâ / kata-katâ
  • Persian: خبری khbri
  • Tagalog: karora (archaic usage; also kotiha or kotiya. Sampúng milyón is normally used)
  • Thai: โกฏิ kot or kot̩i (from Pali koti, obsolete)
  • Tamii: 'கோடி', ('Kodi' is used in TamilNadu, India)
  • Telugu: 'కొటి', ('Koti' is used in Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, India)
  • Sinhalese: කෝටිය Kotiya

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Oxford English Dictionary". Retrieved 9 February 2011.