|This article needs additional citations for verification. (November 2012)|
A crore (//; abbreviated cr) is a unit in the South Asian numbering system equal to ten million (10,000,000; Scientific notation: 107), which is written as 1,00,00,000, equal to a hundred lakh (lakh is written as 1,00,000). It is widely used in India, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Nepal and Sri Lanka. In Pakistan, the South Asian numbering system is used in Hindi, Bengali, Urdu, Nepali, and Sinhalese, but not in English.
Trillions of are often written or spoken of in terms of lakh crore. For example, one trillion rupees is:
- = one lakh crore rupees
- = 1 lakh cr
- = Rs 1 lakh cr
- = Rs 1 × (1,00,000 × 1,00,00,000)
- = Rs 10,00,00,00,00,000
- = Rs 1,000,000,000,000 in Western notation
- = Rs 1 trillion (short scale)
- = 1012 rupees.
Although lakh is used in Sri Lanka, most Sri Lankans do not use the term crore when referring to money, but they use the word koatiya (කෝටිය) or koti (கோடி) to indicate 100 lakh, or ten million, the same as a crore.
Etymology and regional variants
The word crore is derived from the Prakrit word krodi, denoting ten million in the Indian numbering system, which has separate terms for most powers of ten from 100 up to 1019. The crore is known by various regional names in modern languages, all derived from the Sanskrit word कोटि koṭi.
South Asian languages
- Assamese: কোটি kûti, কৌটি kouti
- Bengali: কোটি koṭi
- Hindi: करोड़ kroṛ or karoṛ
- Gujarati: કરોડ karoḍ
- Kannada: ಕೋಟಿ koṭi
- Konkani: कोटि koṭi or करोऱ karoṛ
- Malayalam: കോടി koḍi (often written koti)
- Marathi: कोटि koṭi, slang = khokā (which in Marathi means a 'huge box'): that is the amount of money in Rs. 100 notes that can fit into a khoka.)
- Oriya: କୋଟି koṭi
- Pashto: خبری korur
- Punjabi: کروڑ - ਕਰੋੜ karoṛ (often written karor)
- Sindhi: kiroṛu
- Sinhala කෝටිය koṭiya
- Tamil: கோடி koṭi
- Telugu: కోటీ koṭī
- Urdu: کروڑ karoṛ
In other languages
- Arabic: الكرور عشرة ملايين al-krūr ('ashra malāyyin)
- Burmese: ကုဋေ [ɡədè] (increasingly archaic)
- Chinese: 克若爾 or 克若尔 kèruò’ěr; 俱胝 jùzhī in Buddhist texts; 一千萬 or 一千万 yī qiānwàn in ordinary Standard Mandarin
- Japanese: クロー kurō (but 千万 senman is normally used)
- Kapampangan: katâ / kata-katâ
- Persian: خبری khbri
- Tagalog: karora (archaic usage; also kotiha or kotiya. Sampúng milyón is normally used)
- Thai: โกฏิ kot or kot̩i (from Pali koti, obsolete)
- "Oxford English Dictionary". Retrieved 9 February 2011.