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A crore (//; abbreviated cr) is a unit in the Indian numbering system equal to ten million (10,000,000; in scientific notation: 107), which is written in these regions as 1,00,00,000 with the local style of digit group separators. It is equal to a hundred lakh (a lakh is equal to one hundred thousand and is written as 1,00,000). It is widely used in India, Bangladesh, Pakistan, and Nepal. The Indian numbering system is used when writing Hindi, Bengali, Urdu, Nepali, Tamil, Telugu, Kannada, and Malayalam.
Trillions of are often written or spoken of in terms of lakh crore. For example, one trillion rupees is:
- = One lakh crore rupees
- = 1 lakh crore
- = Rs 1 lakh crore
- = Rs (1,00,000 × 1,00,00,000)
- = Rs 10,00,00,00,00,000 in Indian notation
- = Rs 1,000,000,000,000 in Western notation
- = Rs 1 trillion (short scale)
- = 1012 rupees
Although lakh is used in Sri Lanka, most Sri Lankans do not use the term crore when referring to money; they use instead koatiya (කෝටිය) or koti (கோடி) to indicate 100 lakh, or ten million, the same as a crore.
Etymology and regional variants
The word crore is derived from the Prakrit word krodi, denoting ten million in the Indian numbering system, which has separate terms for most powers of ten from 100 up to 1019. The crore is known by various regional names in modern languages.
South Asian languages
- Assamese: কোটি kûti, কৌটি kouti
- Bengali: কোটি koṭi
- Hindi: करोड़ kroṛ or karoṛ
- Gujarati: કરોડ karoḍ
- Kannada: ಕೋಟಿ koṭi
- Konkani: कोटि koṭi or करोऱ karoṛ
- Malayalam: കോടി koḍi (often written koti)
- Marathi: कोटि koṭi, or colloquially khokhā (literally 'huge box', a container that can fit such an amount of money in 100 notes).
- Nepali: करोड karod
- Oriya: କୋଟି koṭi
- Pāli: koṭi
- Pashto: خبری korur
- Punjabi: کروڑ - ਕਰੋੜ karoṛ (often written karor)
- Sindhi: ڪروڙ kiroṛu
- Sinhala කෝටිය koṭiya
- Tamil: கோடி koṭi
- Telugu: కోటీ koṭī
- Urdu: کروڑ karoṛ
- Telugu: కొటి koti
- Marathi: कोटी koti
- Kannada: ಕೋಟಿ koti
In other languages
- Arabic: الكرور عشرة ملايين al-krūr ('ashra malāyyin)
- Burmese: ကုဋေ [ɡədè] (increasingly archaic)
- Chinese: 克若爾 or 克若尔 kèruò’ěr; 俱胝 jùzhī in Chinese Buddhist texts, but 一千萬 or 一千万 yī qiānwàn ("a thousand myriad") is use in ordinary contexts
- Japanese: クロー kurō, but 千万 senman ("thousand myriad") is normally used
- Kapampangan: katâ / kata-katâ
- خبری khbri
- Tagalog: karora (archaic usage, also kotiha or kotiya). Sampúng milyón is normally used.
- Thai: โกฏิ kot or kot̩i (from Pali koti, obsolete)
- Tamii: கோடி (kodi), used in Tamil Nadu, India
- Telugu: కొటి (koti), used in Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, India
- Sinhalese: කෝටිය kotiya
- Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Crore". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
- "Oxford English Dictionary". Retrieved 9 February 2011.