Crosby (UK Parliament constituency)
|Former Borough constituency|
|for the House of Commons|
Boundary of Crosby in Merseyside for the 2005 general election.
Location of Merseyside within England.
|Number of members||One|
|Replaced by||Sefton Central, Bootle|
Crosby was a constituency in Merseyside, represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1950 until 2010. It elected one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election.
Prior to 1997, the constituency was seen as a safe seat for the Conservative Party. They held the seat from its creation in 1950 until the death in 1981 of Sir Graham Page. The resulting by-election was notable as it was won by Shirley Williams, one of the "gang of four" senior members of the Labour Party who had founded the new Social Democratic Party (SDP), becoming the first SDP member to be elected. However, Williams lost the seat to the Conservative candidate Malcolm Thornton at the 1983 general election.
Thornton held the seat until the 1997 election, when he lost to Labour's Claire Curtis-Thomas who held the seat until its abolition. On 7 October 2009, it was announced that Curtis-Thomas would stand down at the 2010 general election.
1950-1974: The municipal borough of Crosby; and the urban district of Litherland.
1974-1983: The municipal borough of Crosby; the urban district of Formby; and the parishes of Altcar, Ince Blundell, Maghull, Sefton (except detached part) and Thornton in the rural district of West Lancashire.
1983-1997: The Metropolitan Borough of Sefton wards of Blundellsands, Harington, Manor, Molyneux, Park, Ravenmeols, Sudell, and Victoria.
1997-2010: The Metropolitan Borough of Sefton wards of Blundellsands, Church, Harington, Manor, Ravenmeols, and Victoria.
The predecessor seat to Crosby was the Waterloo constituency, which existed between 1918 and 1950. Crosby constituency covered the whole town of Crosby which includes the localities of Great Crosby, Blundellsands, Brighton-le-Sands, Seaforth, Waterloo, Little Crosby, Hightown and Thornton, as well as the town of Formby and the village of Little Altcar, all in Sefton in Merseyside. On its abolition in 2010 it was bordered to the north by the constituency of Southport, to the east by Lancashire West and Knowsley North and Sefton East, and to the south by Bootle.
Following a review by the Boundary Commission for England, the Crosby constituency was abolished at the 2010 general election. It was replaced by the new Sefton Central seat, which includes parts of the former Knowsley North and Sefton East constituency. As a result Formby and Little Altcar are part of the new Sefton Central constituency and the town of Crosby has been divided between two constituencies, with the two electoral wards of southern Crosby, Church and Victoria, containing the urbanised bulk of the town which includes the areas of Great Crosby, Waterloo and Seaforth, being absorbed into the expanded Bootle constituency, represented by the Labour MP Joe Benton, and the two electoral wards of northern Crosby, Blundellsands and Manor, which contains residential suburban areas such as, Blundellsands, Brighton-Le-Sands, Little Crosby, Thornton, and Hightown, forming part of the new Sefton Central constituency represented by Bill Esterson, also a Labour MP.
Members of Parliament
|1953 by-election||Graham Page||Conservative|
|1981 by-election||Shirley Williams||Social Democratic|
|2010||constituency abolished: see Sefton Central and Bootle|
Elections in the 2000s
|General Election 2005: Crosby|
|Liberal Democrat||Jim Murray||6,298||17.4||+6.3|
|Clause 28 Children's Protection Christian Democrats||David Braid||157||0.4||+0.4|
|General Election 2001: Crosby|
|Liberal Democrat||Tim Drake||4,084||11.1||−0.4|
|Socialist Labour||Mark Holt||481||1.3||N/A|
Elections in the 1990s
|General Election 1997: Crosby|
|Liberal Democrat||Paul McVey||5,080||11.5||−8.5|
|Referendum Party||John Gauld||813||1.8||N/A|
|Natural Law||William Hite||99||0.2||N/A|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing||18.1|
|General Election 1992: Crosby|
|Liberal Democrat||Mrs Helen Flo Clucas||16,562||24.3||−11.6|
|Green||F.P. Sean Brady||559||0.8||+0.8|
|Natural Law||N.L. Paterson||152||0.2||+0.2|
Elections in the 1980s
|General Election 1987: Crosby|
|Social Democratic||Anthony Francis Scott Donovan||23,989||35.9||−6.1|
|Labour||Christopher William Cheetham||11,992||18.0||+7.8|
|General Election 1983: Crosby|
|Social Democratic||Shirley Williams||27,203||42.0|
|Labour||Robert David Waring||6,611||10.2|
|Ecology||Peter Michael Hussey||415||0.6|
|Conservative gain from Social Democratic||Swing|
|By-election 1981: Crosby|
|Social Democratic||Shirley Williams||28,118||49.0||N/A|
|Raving Loony||Tarquin Fin-tim-lin-bin-whin-bim-lim-bus-stop-F'tang-F'tang-Olé-Biscuitbarrel||223||0.4||N/A|
|Democratic Monarchist, Public Safety, White Resident||Bill Boaks||36||0.1||N/A|
|Social Democratic gain from Conservative||Swing||N/A|
Elections in the 1970s
|General Election 1979: Crosby|
|General Election October 1974: Crosby|
|General Election February 1974: Crosby|
|General Election 1970: Crosby|
Elections in the 1960s
|General Election 1966: Crosby|
|General Election 1964: Crosby|
|Liberal||Norman W.M. Sellers||8,590||19.40|
Elections in the 1950s
|General Election 1959: Crosby|
|General Election 1955: Crosby|
|Crosby by-election 12 November 1953|
|Independent Conservative||J.A. Freeman||1,180|
|General Election 1951: Crosby|
|General Election 1950: Crosby|
|Conservative win (new seat)|
Notes and references
- MP resigns over 'ludicrous hours' BBC News, Retrieved 7 October 2009
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "C" (part 5)[self-published source][better source needed]
- "Politics Resources". Election 1997. Politics Resources. 1 May 1997. Retrieved 2011-01-07.
- C. Rallings & M. Thrasher, The Media Guide to the New Parliamentary Constituencies, p.60 (Plymouth: LGC Elections Centre, 1995)
- The 1997 election result is calculated relative to the notional, not the actual, 1992 result.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06.