Crosby Garrett

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Crosby Garrett
St Andrew's Church - geograph.org.uk - 122997.jpg
St. Andrew's Church
Crosby Garrett is located in Cumbria
Crosby Garrett
Crosby Garrett
 Crosby Garrett shown within Cumbria
Population 112 (2001)
OS grid reference NY7209
Civil parish Crosby Garrett
District Eden
Shire county Cumbria
Region North West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town KIRKBY STEPHEN
Postcode district CA17
Dialling code 01768
Police Cumbria
Fire Cumbria
Ambulance North West
EU Parliament North West England
UK Parliament Penrith and the Border
List of places
UK
England
Cumbria

Coordinates: 54°28′44″N 2°25′12″W / 54.479°N 2.420°W / 54.479; -2.420

Crosby Garrett is a hamlet and civil parish in the Eden District of Cumbria, England. It was formerly in the county of Westmorland.

The place-name 'Crosby Garrett' is first attested in a document of 1200, where it appears as Crosseby, and in another of 1206, where it appears as Crossebi Gerard. The first name is Old Scandinavian Krossa-byr, meaning 'village or homestead with crosses'. 'Garrett' is the French personal name 'Gerard', which is ultimately of Germanic origin.[1]

In May 2010 the Crosby Garrett Helmet, a copper alloy parade helmet dating to Roman Britain, was discovered near the hamlet by a father and son using a metal detector. The helmet was sold to a private buyer at Christie's later that year for £2.3 million.

Description[edit]

The parish contains no settlements of any size other than the village of Crosby Garrett, and much of the parish is on Crosby Garrett Fell to the south-west of the village.

The Settle to Carlisle railway passes through the parish, at the southwestern edge of the village on the 110 yd (100 m) Crosby Garrett viaduct;[2] the village once had a railway station, Crosby Garrett station, which closed in 1952.[3]

The parish church of St. Andrew has an Anglo-Saxon chancel, the remainder of the church dates between the 12th and 15th centuries. In 2010, a major restoration project was undertaken.[4]

The highest point in the parish is Nettle Hill at 382 m (1,253 ft). 54°27′51″N 2°26′18″W / 54.4642°N 2.4384°W / 54.4642; -2.4384

Crosby Garrett Helmet[edit]

Main article: Crosby Garrett Helmet

In May 2010 a rare ceremonial Roman helmet was discovered by an unnamed metal detectorist not far from a Roman road near the hamlet. The copper-alloy helmet with integral mask, with the appearance of a youthful male face, and a griffin crest, is only one of three recorded finds of its kind in Britain.[5]

See also[edit]

  • Smardale within the civil parish of Waitby which forms the eastern boundary of the parish.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Eilert Ekwall, The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Place-names, p.132.
  2. ^ "The Settle and Carlisle Railway : Ais Gill to Appleby". www.railwayphotos.net. Crosby Garrett. 
  3. ^ Daniels, Gerald David; Dench, Leslie Alan (February 1963) [1962]. Passengers No More 1952–1962. Closures of stations and branch lines (PDF) (2nd ed.). Brighton: GLO. p. 11. OCLC 504319235. 
  4. ^ "Crosby Garrett - St Andrew's Church". www.visitcumbria.com. 
  5. ^ "Rare Roman helmet and face-mask discovered". www.telegraph.co.uk. 13 September 2010. 

External links[edit]