Cross-dressing in literature
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Cross-dressing in literature has been studied by many literary and cultural critics.
As a theme
- Þrymskviða from the Poetic Edda - Thor dresses as a bride and Loki as the bridesmaid to retrieve Thor's hammer Mjölnir.
- The Masqueraders, by Georgette Heyer (1928); historical novel. Two siblings impersonate the opposite gender to escape persecution after the 1745 Jacobite Rising.
- The Famous Five book series (1942) - Georgiana wears boy's clothes, prefers to be called "George" and is pleased to be mistaken for a boy.
- The Rose of Versailles (1972) - The female protagonist, Oscar François de Jarjayes, dresses as a man, but privately acknowledges her feminine side.
- Johnny, My Friend (a translation of the Swedish novel Janne, min vän from 1985) - Johnny is a girl disguising as a boy.
- Song of the Lioness - The main character, Alanna, disguises herself as a boy to become a knight.
- Soldier's Secret - A fictional retelling of Deborah Sampson's life, who disguises herself as a soldier during the Revolutionary War.
- Hana Kimi - A Japanese Manga, where the female protagonist, Ashiya Mizuki disguises herself as a boy to attend an all-boys school where her idol Sano Izumi attends.
- Boy2Girl by Terence Blacker - Sam, the main character Matthew's male American cousin, is dared to go to school disguised as a girl as a challenge to prove himself to Matthew and his friends. However, the prank doesn't turn out the way it was planned.
- Belle-Belle ou Le Chevalier Fortuné (1698) - a fairy tale by Madame d'Aulnoy in which the female protagonist, Belle-Belle, disguises herself as a male knight to help the ruler of her kingdom defeat an emperor.
- The Merchant of Venice (c1657) a play by William Shakespeare in which Portia dresses as a man in order to defend Antonio against Shylock's suit for the 'pound of flesh' he is owed as forfeiture for failing to repay a debt in time.
As a minor plot element
- Jane Eyre (1847) - Mr Rochester dresses as a Gypsy woman.
- Adventures of Huckleberry Finn (1884) - Huckleberry dresses as a girl and calls himself Sarah Williams.
- The Two Towers (of The Lord of the Rings) (1954) - Éowyn disguises as the man Dernhelm and travels with the Riders of Rohan to the Battle of the Pelennor Fields.
- To the Hilt (1996), a crime novel by Dick Francis. The protagonist hires a young private detective who is skilled in disguise, mainly disguising himself as a woman.
- The Wind in the Willows (1908) by Kenneth Grahame - Toad escapes from prison dressed as a washerwoman.
- "from Vested Interests: Cross-dressing & Cultural Anxiety (1991)", Marjorie Garber, 1991. Retrieved 21 September 2011.
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