Cross-linguistic onomatopoeias

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Because of the nature of onomatopoeia, there are many words which show a similar pronunciation in the languages of the world. The following is a list of some conventional examples:

Contents

Human sounds[edit]

Baby crying[edit]

Bite[edit]

Burp[edit]

Fart[edit]

Food being eaten[edit]

Heart beating[edit]

Hushing[edit]

Kiss[edit]

Laughter[edit]

  • In Arabic hà hà hà, hee hee
  • In Armenian "քա քա քա," "չա չա չա" ka ka ka, cha cha cha
  • In Asturian ḥa ḥa ḥa, ḥe ḥe ḥe
  • In Batak, kakak
  • In Bulgarian, "хахаха, хехехе, хихихи" hahaha, hehehe, hihihi
  • In Catalan, hahaha, hehehe
  • In Chinese, Mandarin hā hā 哈哈,[zho 4] hē hē 呵呵,[zho 5] xī xī 嘻嘻[zho 6] hēi hēi 嘿嘿
  • In Czech, ha ha, cha cha [xa xa], chi chi [xi xi]
  • In Danish, ha ha, hi hi, hæ hæ, ho ho, ti hi
  • In Dutch, haha, hihi
  • In English, hahah, heh heh, hohoho, (tee)heehee
  • In Estonian, haha, hahhah, hehe, hehheh, hihi
  • In Finnish, haha, hahhah, hehe, hehheh, hihi, hihhih (girly)
  • In French, hahaha, héhéhé, hihihi, hohoho
  • In German, hahaha, hihihihi
  • In Greek: haha χαχα, hehe χεχε
  • In Hebrew, xà xà xà חָה־חָה־חָה[heb 1]
  • In Hungarian, haha, hehe, hihi
  • In Icelandic, haha, hehe, (tittering or laughter) híhí
  • In Indonesian, hahaha, hehehe, wakakaka, 'wkwkwk'
  • In Italian, ah, ah, eh, eh, ih, ih, uh, uh
  • In Japanese, ahaha あはは, フフ (fu fu)
  • In Korean, hahaha 하하하, kekeke 케케케
  • In Latvian, ha ha
  • In Lithuanian, cha cha
  • In Marathi, ha ha हा हा, kho kho खो खो (loud laughter)
  • In Nepali, ha, ahaha
  • In Persian, hā-hā, he-he, qah-qāh
  • In Polish, hahaha, hihi, hehe, hohoho
  • In Portuguese, hahaha, kakaka
  • In Romanian, ha-ha, hi-hi
  • In Russian, haha хаха, hihi хихи, hèhè хехе
  • In Serbian, hahaha хахаха, "hihihi" хихихи
  • In Spanish, jajaja, jejeje
  • In Tagalog, hahaha, hehehe, hihihi
  • In Thai, ฮ่า ๆ ๆ (hahaha)
  • In Turkish, haha, hehe, hihi (girly), kikir (girly, sarcastic), hoho (sarcastic)
  • In Vietnamese, ha ha, hi hi, hô hô

Liquid being drunk[edit]

Scream[edit]

Shriek[edit]

Sneeze[edit]

Snoring[edit]

Stuttering[edit]

Thinking/Pause[edit]

Throat swallowing[edit]

Tooth brushing[edit]

Yawning[edit]

Animal sounds[edit]

Bee buzzing[edit]

Bird singing[edit]

  • In Albanian ciu-ciu
  • In Arabic siqsiq سِقسِق,gharid (to chirp) غِرد, ziw ziw ziw زِيد زِيد زِيد
  • In Armenian "ճիւ ճիւ," jiv jiv
  • In Basque (Euskara), txio txio
  • In Bosnian, čip čip
  • In Bulgarian, chik-chirik чик-чирик
  • In Catalan, piu piu
  • In Chinese, Mandarin jī jī zhā zhā 叽叽喳喳[zho 10]
  • In Czech, píp píp, cvrliki
  • In Danish, pip pip
  • In Dutch, twiet twiet, tjierp, tjielp, tsjilp
  • In English, chirp chirp, tweet tweet, cheep cheep, peep peep
  • In Estonian, siuts siuts, siit siit, tsirr tsirr, sirts sirts, siu siu
  • In Finnish, tsirp tsirp, tviit, piip piip, ti-ti-tyy (Great Tit)
  • In French, cui cui, piou piou
  • In German, piep piep /peep, peep/, tschiep
  • In Greek, tsiu tsiu τσίου τσίου
  • In Hebrew, tsif tsif צִיף־צִיף,[heb 4] tswits tswits צְוִיץ־צְוִיץ[heb 4]
  • In Hindi, cheh cheh
  • In Hungarian, csip-csirip
  • In Icelandic, "bíbí"
  • In Indonesian, "cit-cit"
  • In Italian, cip cip, pio pio (chick)
  • In Japanese, it varies: (chick) ピヨ ピヨ (piyo piyo), ひいひい (hī, hī), chun chun チュンチュン
  • In Korean, jjek jjek 짹짹
  • In Latvian, čiu čiu, čiv čiv
  • In Lithuanian, čik čirik, čyru vyru
  • In Macedonian, churulic churulic чурулик чурулик
  • In Malayalam, "coo coo"
  • In Persian, čah-čah, čah-čahe
  • In Polish, ćwir ćwir, fiu-fiu (and others)
  • In Portuguese, piu piu
  • In Romanian, cip cirip, piu piu
  • In Russian, chiric-chiric чирик-чирик, chic-chiric чик-чирик, chiv-chiv чив-чив
  • In Sinhalese, kumu kumu කුමු-කුමු
  • In Slovak, píp píp, čvirik, čvirik
  • In Slovene, čiv čiv
  • In Spanish, pío, pío
  • In Swedish, kvitt, kvitt
  • In Tagalog, twit twit twit
  • In Tamil, koo, koo
  • In Thai, จิ๊บ ๆ (chip chip)
  • In Turkish, cik cik /dʒik dʒik/
  • In Ukrainian, t'okh-t'okh тьох-тьох, fit'-fit' фіть-фіть
  • In Vietnamese, chíp chíp

Cat meowing[edit]

Chicken clucking[edit]

Cow mooing[edit]

Crow calling[edit]

Dog barking[edit]

Dog or wolf howling[edit]

Donkey braying[edit]

Duck calling[edit]

Eagle soaring[edit]

  • In Batak, kuliii-kulikuk

Elephant trumpeting[edit]

Frog croaking[edit]

This may differ according to the species of frog common in each language's speech area.

Goose calling[edit]

Horse whinnying[edit]

Horse trotting[edit]

Lion roaring[edit]

Monkey chatting[edit]

Owl hooting[edit]

Pig grunting[edit]

Rooster crowing[edit]

Sheep bleating[edit]

Snake hissing[edit]

Collisions, bursts, and strikes[edit]

Balloon or bubble bursting[edit]

Cannon firing; gunshot; machine gun fire[edit]

  • In Albanian, pam; tak
  • In Arabic, bom; bov, tokh طخ
  • In Bulgarian, "бум"(bum), "кх"(kh), тататата (tatatata)
  • In Catalan, buuum, pumba; pam, pum; ratatatatà
  • In Chinese, Mandarin, pēng 砰; ping, pa 乒, 啪; da da da... 嗒嗒嗒[citation needed]
  • In Czech, bum, prásk, ratatata
  • In Danish, bang, bum
  • In Dutch, boem; pang, pauw; ratatata
  • In English, bam, boom, blam, kaboom; bang, pow; rat-at-at-at-at-at, gat-gat-gat-gat, dakka-dakka
  • In Estonian, põmm, kõmm; pauh, karpauh
  • In Finnish, pum; pam; ra-ta-ta-ta-ta-ta, rä-tä-tä-tä-tä-tä
  • In French, boum; pan
  • In German, bumm, rumms, kawumm; peng, puff, päng; rat-tat-tat-tat
  • In Greek, cabum, bum μπουμ, bam μπαμ; bam, pan, piu-piu (mainly by kids); trrrrrr
  • In Hebrew, bum בּוּם
  • In Hindi, thaa
  • In Hungarian bumm, dörr; ratata, trrrrr
  • In Icelandic, búmm; bamm
  • In Indonesian, dor,
  • In Italian, bum; bang; pum
  • In Japanese, バーンバーン (bān bān), dōn ドーン, bakyūn バキューン
  • In Kannada, dum, dhaam
  • In Kazakh, bydyrsch быдырщ
  • In Korean, bbang
  • In Latvian, bum
  • In Lithuanian, bumpt, bum, pokšt
  • In Persian, bang
  • In Macedonian, bum бум; pau пау; ra ta ta ta ра та та та
  • In Polish, bum-bum; bang-bang, pif-paf and others; tra ta ta ta ta
  • In Portuguese, bam, boom, cabum; ,pum; ratátátá
  • In Romanian, bum; poc
  • In Russian, ba-bakh ба-бах; pif-paf пиф-паф; ta-ta-ta та-та-та
  • In Sinhalese, ḍisum ඩිසුම්; ḍung ඩුං; ḍaka-ḍaka-ḍaka ඩක-ඩක-ඩක
  • In Spanish, pum; bang; praca
  • In Swedish, bom; pang, bang
  • In Tagalog, boom; boogsh
  • In Tamil, dishum
  • In Telugu, dhaam
  • In Thai, ตูม (tuum, cannon firing); ปัง (pang, gunshot)
  • In Turkish, bom; bam, dıkşınyaa (by kids)
  • In Uropi, bam (cannon), pang (gun)
  • In Vietnamese, đoàng (louder); pằng (quieter); bùm (usually for cannons)

Crash[edit]

Door or floor creaking[edit]

Engine back-firing while freewheeling[edit]

Knocking[edit]

Strikes[edit]

Dull strike[edit]

Falling strike[edit]

Sharp strike[edit]

Wet strike[edit]

Machinery[edit]

Camera shutter[edit]

Car engine revving[edit]

Car horn honking[edit]

Clock ticking[edit]

A sign in a shop window in Italy proclaims "No Tic Tac".

Doorbell ringing[edit]

  • In Danish, ding ding, ring ring
  • In Dutch, tring tring
  • In English, ding-dong, bing-bong
  • In French, ding-dong
  • In Japanese, ピンポーン (pinpōn)
  • In Russian, din-don дин-дон
  • In Swedish, ding dong, pling plong
  • In Thai, ติ๊งต่อง (ting tong), ติ๊งหน่อง (ting nong),
  • In Italian, din don

Keyboard striking[edit]

  • In Batak, tik tik
  • In Bulgarian, "трак-трак" (track-track)
  • In Catalan txiquiti-txiquiti, txic txic.
  • In Czech, klik, ťuk ťuk
  • In Danish: klik klik
  • In Dutch: tik tik
  • In English: click click, click clack, taka taka
  • In Estonian klõp klõp klõp
  • In Finnish: klik klik, klik klak, naks, naputinap
  • In French: clic clic
  • In German: klack klack klack (typewriter), tipp tipp tipp (computer)
  • In Hebrew, klik klik, קְלִיק־קְלִיק[heb 9]
  • In Italian, clic clic, tip tap
  • In Japanese, kata kata カタカタ
  • In Polish, klik klik
  • In Russian, klatz-klatz клац-клац
  • In Tagalog, chu ku chu ku chuk
  • In Thai, ก้อกแก้ก (kokkaek)
  • In Turkish, tıkı tıkı tıkı, tıkır tıkır
  • In Vietnamese, lạch cạch

Telephone ringing[edit]

Siren wailing[edit]

Train whistling[edit]

Physical and natural phenomena[edit]

Electric flowing (buzzing)[edit]

Electric shock[edit]

Fire[edit]

  • In English, crackle crackle
  • In Japanese, Pachi pachiパチパチ
  • In Swedish, knaster knaster
  • In Thai, พรึ่บ (prueb), พรึ่บ พรั่บ (prueb prub)

Lightning[edit]

Steam hissing[edit]

Thunder[edit]

  • In Batak, rapak, maturapak, dugu-dugu-dugu
  • In English, roll, rumble,boom
  • In Finnish, jyrin, jylin
  • In German, groll, grummel
  • In Japanese, goro goro ゴロゴロ
  • In Russian, babakh бабах, tararakh тарарах, trakh-tararakh трах-тарарах
  • In Swedish, muller
  • In Thai, ครืน ครืน (kruen kruen)

Water dripping[edit]

White Water[edit]

Wind blowing or waves flowing[edit]

  • In Bengali, ভোঁ bhõ, শন শন shôn shôn, ঝির ঝির jhir jhir
  • In Bulgarian, фииуу (fiiuu) wind blowing
  • In Chinese, Mandarin, fuuu
  • In Czech, fíííí
  • In Dutch, woesh, woesj
  • In English, whoo, whoosh, swish, rustle, whine, whizz, whistle, wheeze, howl, zoom, sigh, sough, surf
  • In Finnish, viuuh
  • In French, frou-frou, vromb, murmur, hurl
  • In German, huiiih, wutsch, saus, rausch, wein, schwirr, heul, zoom, surr, seufz
  • In Greek, fru fru φρού φρού, sfýrigh σφύριγ, url ούρλ, sýrigh σύριγ, thýr θυρ
  • In Hindi, sarr sarr, saayein saayein
  • In Hungarian, hiss-huss, huss
  • In Italian, fiuu, fisch, mormor, url, sussurr
  • In Japanese, byuu byuu, pyuu pyuu, zawa zawa, soyo soyo
  • In Korean, wing-wing 윙윙
  • In Lithuanian, ššš
  • In Macedonian, fuuuu fuuuu фуууу фуууу
  • In Polish, szszszsz, huuuuuu
  • In Portuguese, Vuuuush
  • In Romanian, vâj
  • In Russian, uu-u уу-у
  • In Spanish, fuuuu fuuuu, fgrrrr frgrrrr, aul, zumb, susurr
  • In Swedish, svisch
  • In Tagalog, fuuuu fuuuu
  • In Tamil, shhhhhhhhhh
  • In Thai, วิ้ว วิ้ว (wio wio), ฟิ้ว ฟิ้ว (fio fio)
  • In Turkish, vuuuu vuuuu
  • In Vietnamese, vi vu, vù vù; rì rào, xào xạc (rustling)

Others[edit]

Jingling[edit]

  • In Armenian "զար զանկ" zar zank
  • In Chinese, Cantonese, dìuh-díu fihng 吊吊捹 (吊 means "hang")
  • In Chinese, Mandarin, dīng líng 叮铃,[zho 23] dīng dāng 叮当 [zho 24]
  • In Batak, "giring, giring"
  • In Bulgarian, ljush-bash люш-баш, ding-dong динг-донг
  • In Czech, cinky-cink
  • In Dutch, doing-doing-doing
  • In English, clink clank, dingle dangle
  • In Estonian kill-kõll, kilks-kõlks, kilin-kõlin
  • In Finnish, kilin, helin
  • In French, ding-dong
  • In German, klingeling
  • In Hebrew, ding-dong דִינְג־דוֹנְג[heb 10]
  • In Hungarian, csing-ling, bim-bam, giling-galang
  • In Japanese, チリンチリン (chirin chirin), チーン (chīn)
  • In Korean, dallang dallang 달랑달랑 ttallang ttallang 딸랑딸랑 jjallang jjallang 짤랑짤랑
  • In Latvian, dzin dzin
  • In Macedonian, dang, ding, dong данг, динг, донг
  • In Polish, ding dong
  • In Romanian, ding-dong
  • In Russian, din'-don динь-дон
  • In Swedish, dingelidång kling klang
  • In Tagalog, klang klang
  • In Tamil, sil-sila silu-sila
  • In Thai, เคร้ง (kreng), กรุ๊งกริ๊ง (krung kring)
  • In Turkish, çangır çungur, şangır şungur

References[edit]

English words[edit]

  1. ^ "wah-wah" from the Oxford English Dictionary

Greek words[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.greek-language.gr/greekLang/modern_greek/tools/lexica/triantafyllides/search.html?lq=%CE%BF%CF%85%CE%AC&dq=

Hebrew words[edit]

  1. ^ "חָה חָה חָה" in Morfix online dictionary
  2. ^ "Ouch" in Morfix online dictionary
  3. ^ "אַפְּצִ'י" in Morfix online dictionary
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q Animals sounds in Hebrew, HaSafa-HaIvrit (The Hebrew Language) web site (in Hebrew)
  5. ^ "Bang" in Babylon dictionary
  6. ^ "תּוּק תּוּק" in Morfix online dictionary
  7. ^ "זְבֶּנְג" in Morfix online dictionary
  8. ^ "תִּיק־תַּק" in Morfix online dictionary
  9. ^ "קְלִיק" in Morfix online dictionary
  10. ^ "דִינְג־דוֹנְג" in Morfix online dictionary

Japanese words[edit]

  1. ^ http://dic.yahoo.co.jp/dsearch?enc=UTF-8&p=%E3%81%8A%E3%81%8E%E3%82%83%E3%81%82&dtype=0&dname=0ss&stype=0&pagenum=1&index=102476500000
  2. ^ http://dic.yahoo.co.jp/dsearch?p=%E3%82%80%E3%81%97%E3%82%83%E3%82%80%E3%81%97%E3%82%83&stype=0&dtype=0
  3. ^ http://dic.yahoo.co.jp/dsearch?p=%E3%82%82%E3%81%90%E3%82%82%E3%81%90&stype=0&dtype=0
  4. ^ http://dic.yahoo.co.jp/dsearch?p=%E3%83%91%E3%82%AF%E3%83%91%E3%82%AF&stype=0&dtype=0
  5. ^ http://dic.yahoo.co.jp/dsearch?p=%E3%81%A9%E3%81%8D%E3%81%A9%E3%81%8D&stype=0&dtype=0
  6. ^ http://dic.yahoo.co.jp/dsearch?enc=UTF-8&p=%E3%81%8D%E3%82%83&dtype=0&dname=0ss&stype=0&index=104697200000&pagenum=1
  7. ^ http://dic.yahoo.co.jp/dsearch?p=%E3%81%AF%E3%81%8F%E3%81%97%E3%82%87%E3%82%93&stype=0&dtype=0
  8. ^ http://dic.yahoo.co.jp/dsearch?p=%E3%81%90%E3%81%86%E3%81%90%E3%81%86&stype=0&dtype=0
  9. ^ http://dic.yahoo.co.jp/dsearch?p=%E3%81%94%E3%81%8F%E3%81%A3&stype=0&dtype=0

Portuguese words[edit]

  1. ^ http://pt.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trem_da_alegria

Chinese words[edit]

  1. ^ "哇哇" in Han Dian online dictionary
  2. ^ "怦怦" in Han Dian online dictionary
  3. ^ "嘘" in Han Dian online dictionary
  4. ^ "哈哈" in Han Dian online dictionary
  5. ^ "呵呵" in Han Dian online dictionary
  6. ^ "嘻嘻" in Han Dian online dictionary
  7. ^ "阿嚏" in Han Dian online dictionary
  8. ^ "呼噜" in Han Dian online dictionary
  9. ^ "嗡嗡" in Han Dian online dictionary
  10. ^ "叽叽喳喳" in Han Dian online dictionary
  11. ^ "喵" in Han Dian online dictionary
  12. ^ "哞" in Han Dian online dictionary
  13. ^ "哑哑" in Han Dian online dictionary
  14. ^ "汪汪" in Han Dian online dictionary
  15. ^ "嚎" in Han Dian online dictionary
  16. ^ "嘎嘎" in Han Dian online dictionary
  17. ^ a b "呱呱" in Han Dian online dictionary
  18. ^ "吼" in Han Dian online dictionary
  19. ^ "咩" in Han Dian online dictionary
  20. ^ "哐啷" in Han Dian online dictionary
  21. ^ "嘀嗒" in Han Dian online dictionary
  22. ^ "滴答" in Han Dian online dictionary
  23. ^ "叮铃" in Han Dian online dictionary
  24. ^ "叮当" in Han Dian online dictionary

External links[edit]