Cross Chess is a chess variant invented by George R. Dekle, Sr. in 1982. The game is played on a board comprising 61 cross-shaped cells, with players each having an extra rook, knight, and pawn in addition to the standard number of chess pieces. Pieces move in the context of a gameboard with hexagonal cells, but Cross Chess has its own definition of ranks and diagonals.
Cross Chess was included in World Game Review No. 10 edited by Michael Keller.
The Cross Chess board geometry has the same features as hexagon-based chessboards; however, diagonals and ranks are defined differently in Cross Chess from Gliński's and Shafran's hexagonal variants, resulting in move possibilities more akin to standard chess. (For example, a bishop has six diagonal move directions in Glinski's hex chess, whereas a Cross Chess bishop has four directions; a rook has six directions in Glinski's, whereas along ranks and files on the Cross Chess board, it has four.) As with hex-based boards, three cell colors are used, but same-color cells highlight horizontal ranks on the Cross Chess board, not diagonals.
The diagram shows the starting setup. Special rank and diagonal paths determine how pieces move, as described below. Check, checkmate, and stalemate are as in standard chess. However a pawn has no initial two-step option, and a rook can make a one-step diagonal move.[note 1]
- A bishop moves along diagonals – adjoining cells in straight lines 33.69 degrees from the horizontal. (Four possible directions.)
- A rook moves vertically along files (two directions) and horizontally (two directions) along ranks – cells of the same color in a horizontal line. In addition, a rook may make a one-step diagonal move.[note 2]
- The queen moves as a rook and bishop. (Eight directions.)
- The king moves one step as a queen. A player may castle either kingside (0-0) or queenside (0-0-0). In each case the king shifts to the cell occupied by the castling rook, with the rook shifting to the cell on opposite side and adjacent to the king. Normal castling conventions apply.
- A knight moves in the pattern: one step on a file or rank, then one step diagonally outward. (Or vice versa: one step diagonally, then one step on a file or rank in an outward direction.) A knight leaps any intervening men.
- A pawn moves one step straight forward on a file, with no initial two-step option. A pawn captures one step diagonally forward. Promotion occurs at the furthest cell on a file.
- Hexagonal chess
- Also by George Dekle:
- Pritchard, D. B. (1994). "Cross Chess (I)". The Encyclopedia of Chess Variants. Games & Puzzles Publications. p. 75. ISBN 0-9524142-0-1.
- Pritchard, D. B. (2007). "Cross Chess [Dekle]". The Classified Encyclopedia of Chess Variants. John Beasley. p. 345. ISBN 978-0-9555168-0-1.
- Keller, Michael, ed. (June 1991). World Game Review (Michael Keller) (No. 10). ISSN 1041-0546.