Cross River Reservoir

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Cross River Reservoir
Cross River Reservoir.jpg
East end of the reservoir
Location Westchester County, New York
Coordinates 41°15′15″N 73°37′58″W / 41.2543°N 73.6329°W / 41.2543; -73.6329Coordinates: 41°15′15″N 73°37′58″W / 41.2543°N 73.6329°W / 41.2543; -73.6329
Type reservoir
Primary inflows Cross River
Primary outflows Cross River
Catchment area 30 sq mi (78 km2)
Basin countries United States
Max. length 3.2 mi (5.1 km)

The Cross River Reservoir is a reservoir located in northern Westchester County, New York and is part of New York City's water supply system. It is situated within the towns of Bedford, Lewisboro, and Pound Ridge, about 1 mile (1.6 km) east of the village of Katonah, and over 25 miles (40 km) north of New York City. It was constructed around the start of the 20th century by impounding the Cross River, a tributary of the Croton River, which eventually flows into the Hudson River.

The reservoir was finally put into service in 1908. The resulting body of water is one of 16 (12 reservoirs and 4 controlled lakes) in the Croton Watershed, the southernmost of New York City's watersheds. The reservoir is approximately 3.2 miles (5.1 km) long, has a drainage basin of 30 square miles (78 km²), and can hold 10.3 billion US gallons (39,000,000 m3) of water at full capacity, making it one of the city's smaller reservoirs.

To reach the city, water flows through Cross River into the Muscoot Reservoir, then down that one into the New Croton Reservoir, where it enters the New Croton Aqueduct in Yorktown. Via the aqueduct, it flows into The Bronx, entering the Jerome Park Reservoir. In Manhattan, it meets the Catskill Aqueduct. It finally flows through Brooklyn and Staten Island, stopping near the end of the island.

See also[edit]