|Irish: Crois Mhic Lionnáin|
Road leading into the village
Crossmaglen shown within Northern Ireland
|Population||1,592 (2011 Census)|
|Irish grid reference|
|– Belfast||52 mi (84 km)|
|District||Newry & Mourne|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||Northern Ireland|
|UK Parliament||Newry & Armagh|
|NI Assembly||Newry & Armagh|
Crossmaglen or Crosmaglen (from Irish: Crois Mhic Lionnáin, meaning "Mac Lionnáin's cross") is a village and townland in south County Armagh, Northern Ireland. It had a population of 1,592 in the 2011 Census and is the largest village in South Armagh. The village centre is the site of a large Police Service of Northern Ireland base and formerly of an observation tower (known locally as the "look-out post").
The square's name commemorates Cardinal Tomás Ó Fiaich, a local man who became Primate of All Ireland (head of the Roman Catholic Church in Ireland), and who died in 1990. Crossmaglen also gives its name to a famous GAA team.
Crossmaglen is famous throughout Ireland and the world as a very important centre of Irish republicanism. During the Troubles, the South Armagh Provisional IRA, arguably the most significant of the IRA brigades and certainly amongst the most prolific, was split into two sections, one based in Jonesborough, the other in Crossmaglen. A number of Irish rebel ballads have been written about the village of Crossmaglen and its prominence in the Irish republican struggle including The Fighting Men of Crossmaglen and Auf Wiedersehen to Crossmaglen.
- Anamar Primary School
- Clonalig Primary School
- St. Brigid's Primary School
- St. Patrick's Primary School
- St. Joseph's High School
On 13 January 1921, during the Irish War of Independence, the Irish Republican Army (IRA) shot dead an Ulster Special Constabulary (USC) constable in Crossmaglen. He was the first member of the USC to be killed whilst on duty.
Crossmaglen in recent years has become known for its Gaelic football team, Crossmaglen Rangers, who won the All-Ireland Senior Club Football Championship in 1997, 1999, 2000, 2007 (after a replay), 2011 and again in 2012. The manager and several players of Rangers went on to win the All-Ireland Senior Football Championship with their county team in 2002 and reached the final again in 2003, only to lose by 0-12 to 0-9 to neighbours Tyrone. One of Crossmaglen's most notable players is Oisín McConville, who is also Ulster's top scoring player ever. The county team were also in the All-Ireland Senior Football Championship final in 1953; local players Gene Morgan and Frank Kernan were on the team but they were defeated by Kerry. Armagh also made it to the 1977 All-Ireland Senior Football Championship Final, but were soundly beaten by Dublin.
There is also an ongoing argument between Crossmaglen Rangers G.A.C, the Morgan Family of Crossmaglen and the British Army over the positioning of the army base which was placed on the Rangers pitch and on the back garden of the Morgan Family home on Cardinal Ó Fiaich Square. This was remedied beginning in April 1999.
On 17 March 2012, they met Westmeath and Leinster champions Garrycastle at Croke Park where the two sides fought out a draw (Crossmaglen 0-15 to Garrycastle 1-12). At the replay on 31 March at Breffni Park, Crossmaglen ran out convincing 2-19 to 1-7 winners to again win the All-Ireland Senior Club Championship.
Crossmaglen Rangers hold the national record of 39 County Titles, including 13-in-a-row. They also hold the record of 9 Ulster club titles.
- Charles Armstrong - Forced disappearance victim
- Francie Bellew - Gaelic footballer
- Gerard Evans - Forced disappearance victim
- Sir Thomas Jackson, 1st Baronet - The third Chief Manager of The Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation (HSBC)
- Cardinal Tomás Ó Fiaich - Primate of All Ireland (head of the Roman Catholic Church in Ireland)
- Aaron Kernan - Gaelic footballer
- Joe Kernan - Gaelic footballer and Manager
- Séamus Mór Mac Mhurchaidh - Poet and Rapparee
- Jim McAllister - Politician, Sinn Féin
- Oisín McConville - Gaelic footballer
- John McEntee - Gaelic footballer
- Edward George Richardson - Member_of_Parliament for South Armagh, Nationalist Party and Independent Nationalist
Crossmaglen is classified as a village by the NI Statistics and Research Agency (NISRA) (i.e. with population between 1,000 and 2,250 people). On Census day (29 April 2001) there were 1,459 people living in Crossmaglen. Of these:
- 27.0% were aged under 16 and 14.8% were aged 60 and over
- 48.6% of the population were male and 51.4% were female
- 97.0% were from a Catholic background and 0.8% were from a Protestant background
- 6.5% of people aged 16–74 were unemployed.
For more details see: NI Neighbourhood Information Service
- "O'Connor claims victory in Crosmaglen". RTÉ Sport. 6 October 2008.
- "Fall of Éire Óg", Irish Farmers Journal. 1999.
- "Placenames NI". Placenames NI. 2010-01-20. Retrieved 2012-06-08.
- "Placenames Database of Ireland". Logainm.ie. 2010-12-13. Retrieved 2012-06-08.
- "Gary Og album lyrics". Gary Og album lyrics.
- "January 1921". Dcu.ie. Retrieved 2012-06-08.
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