Crotalus totonacus

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Crotalus totonacus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Suborder: Serpentes
Family: Viperidae
Subfamily: Crotalinae
Genus: Crotalus
Species: C. totonacus
Binomial name
Crotalus totonacus
Gloyd & Kauffeld, 1940
Synonyms
  • Crotalus totonacus
    Gloyd & Kauffeld, 1940
  • Crotalus durissus totonacus
    H.M. Smith & Taylor, 1945
  • Crotalus basiliscus totonacus
    Taylor, 1950
  • [Crotalus (Crotalus) durissus] totonacusJ. Peters & Orejas-Miranda, 1970[1]
  • Crotalus durissus neoleonensis Juliá-Zertuche & Treviño-Saldaña, 1978[2] (nomen nudum)
  • Crotalus totonacus
    – Campbell & Lamar, 2004
  • Crotalus totonacus
    – Quijada-Mascareñas & Wüster, 2006[3]
Common name: Totonacan rattlesnake[2]

Crotalus totonacus is a venomous pit viper species found in northeastern Mexico. No subspecies are currently recognized.[4]

Description[edit]

Adults frequently grow to more than 150 cm (4.9 ft) in length. The largest recorded specimen was 166.5 cm (5.46 ft) in length.[2]

Geographic range[edit]

It is found in northeastern Mexico from central Nuevo León through southern Tamaulipas, northern Veracruz, eastern San Luis Potosí and northern Querétaro.[2] The type locality given is "Panaco Island, about 75 miles south of Tampico, Veracruz, Mexico, 12 miles inland from Cabo Rojo" (121 km and 19 km, respectively).[1]

Taxonomy[edit]

This species was previously considered a subspecies of C. durissus.[1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c McDiarmid RW, Campbell JA, Touré T. 1999. Snake Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, vol. 1. Herpetologists' League. 511 pp. ISBN 1-893777-00-6 (series). ISBN 1-893777-01-4 (volume).
  2. ^ a b c d Campbell JA, Lamar WW. 2004. The Venomous Reptiles of the Western Hemisphere. 2 volumes. Comstock Publishing Associates, Ithaca and London. 870 pp. 1500 plates. ISBN 0-8014-4141-2.
  3. ^ The Reptile Database. www.reptile-database.org
  4. ^ "Crotalus totonacus". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 27 August 2007. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Gloyd, H.K. and C.F. Kauffeld. 1940. A new rattlesnake from Mexico. Bull. Chicago Acad. Sci. 6 (2): 11-14 + one plate.