Crotona Park East, Bronx
Crotona Park East, also known as Crotona (not to be confused with Crotona Avenue in nearby East Tremont), is a low income residential neighborhood geographically located in the southwest Bronx in New York City. The neighborhood is part of Bronx Community Board 3. Its boundaries, starting from the north and moving clockwise are: the Cross-Bronx Expressway to the north, the Bronx River to the east, East 167th Street to the south, and Crotona–Prospect Avenue to the west. Southern Boulevard is the primary thoroughfare through East Morrisania. Zip codes include 10459 and 10460. The area is patrolled by the 42nd Precinct located at 830 Washington Ave in Morrisania. NYCHA property in the area is patrolled by P.S.A. 7 at 737 Melrose Avenue in the Melrose section of the Bronx. Crotona Park East is considered part of the socioeconomic South Bronx.
Crotona Park East has a population of 75,656. The demographics are 14.2% White, 51.5% African American, 1.2% Native American, 0.8% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 26.3% other, 6.0% two or more races and 50.4% Hispanic or Latino.The majority of residents in the area are of Puerto Rican or African American descent. The vast majority of households are renter-occupied, 93.5% of all housing.
Land use and terrain
Crotona Park East is dominated by public housing projects and newly constructed subsidized attached multi-unit townhouses and apartment buildings, although tenement buildings, older multi-unit homes, and vacant lots are also present. Most of the original housing stock was structurally damaged by arson and eventually razed by the city. The total land area is less than a square mile. The terrain is somewhat hilly.
There are eight NYCHA properties located in East Morrisania.
- Bryant Avenue-East 174th Street; one, 6-story building.
- East 173rd Street-Vyse Avenue; seven buildings, 3-stories tall.
- Hoe Avenue-East 173rd Street; one, 6-story building.
- Murphy Houses; two, 20-story buildings.
- Prospect Avenue M.H.O.P. (Multi Family Homeownership Program); one, rehabilitated 5-story tenement building.
- West Farms Square Rehab; four rehabilitated tenement buildings, 6-stories tall.
- West Farms Square (Conventional); one, 5-story rehabilitated tenement building.
- West Farms Square M.H.O.P. (Multi Family Homeownership Program); two rehabilitated tenement buildings, 5 and 6-stories tall.
- PS 50: Clara Barton (East 172nd Street and Vyse Avenue)
- PS 61/MS 190: Francisco Oller (Charlotte Street and Crotona Park East)
- PS 66: Daniel Boone (Jennings Street and Boone Avenue)
- PS 134: George Frederic Bristow (Freeman and Bristow Streets)
- IS 98: Herman Ridder (East 173rd Street and Boston Road)
- PS 271: East Bronx Academy for the Future
From 1670, the land of the neighborhood was the estate of the Morris family in Westchester County.
In the 1970s, Crotona Park East and many other low income sections of the New York City were being ravaged by arson. By the 1980s, the South Bronx had become a national symbol of urban decay; Charlotte Street, a street in the neighborhood's heart, had decayed the worst. The area was filled with burned-out tenement buildings, empty lots, and arsons happening nearly every day, as mre than 66% of residents left the area. On October 5, 1977, then-President Jimmy Carter visited Charlotte Street, declaring the South Bronx to be the worst neighborhood in the United States. A year later, the city still had not renovated Charlotte Street.
Community groups such as Banana Kelly, the Mid-Bronx Desperadoes, and SEBCO (Southeast Bronx Community Organization) were helping to maintain existing buildings which were structurally intact after fires. They played a pivotal role in the construction of subsidized multi-family homes and apartment buildings in most of Crotona Park East. The subsidized homes built along Charlotte Street during the late 1980s in Crotona Park East, which originally cost $50,000 were the first and still are the only ranch style homes in the South Bronx today; these homes are now worth over $500,000. This type of housing was selected due to its desirable traits. Today they are home to many African American and Puerto Rican families. The funding for these homes was provided in part by former Assemblyman Louis Niñé, in whose honor Wilkins Avenue was renamed "Louis Niñé Boulevard", following his death in 1983.
- Bx11: to Simpson Street station or George Washington Bridge Bus Terminal (via 170th Street–Claremont Parkway)
- Bx17: to Fordham Plaza or Port Morris (via Prospect–Crotona Avenues)
- Bx19: to New York Botanical Gardens or Riverbank State Park (via 149th Street–Southern Boulevard)
- Bx21: to Westchester Square station or Third Avenue–138th Street station (via Boston Road–Morris Park Avenue)
- Bx27: to Clason Point (via Rosedale Avenue)
- Bx35: to Simpson Street station or George Washington Bridge Bus Terminal (via 167th Street)
- Bx36: to Castle Hill or George Washington Bridge Bus Terminal (via 180th Street)
- 174th Street (IRT White Plains Road Line) (2 5 trains)
- Freeman Street (2 5 trains)
- The 1981 film Fort Apache, The Bronx was filmed in the area.
- Former New York City mayor Ed Koch was raised in East Morrisania.