Crowmarsh Gifford

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Coordinates: 51°35′56″N 1°06′43″W / 51.599°N 1.112°W / 51.599; -1.112

Crowmarsh Gifford
St Mary Magdalene Church, Crowmarsh Gifford.JPG
St Mary Magdalene Church
Crowmarsh Gifford is located in Oxfordshire
Crowmarsh Gifford
Crowmarsh Gifford
 Crowmarsh Gifford shown within Oxfordshire
OS grid reference SU6189
Civil parish Crowmarsh
District South Oxfordshire
Shire county Oxfordshire
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Wallingford
Postcode district OX10
Dialling code 01491
Police Thames Valley
Fire Oxfordshire
Ambulance South Central
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament Henley
Website Crowmarsh Gifford Community Site
List of places
UK
England
Oxfordshire

Crowmarsh Gifford is a village in the civil parish of Crowmarsh in South Oxfordshire. It is beside the River Thames opposite the market town of Wallingford, the two linked by Wallingford Bridge. Crowmarsh parish also includes the hamlet of Newnham Murren, which is now merged with the village; the hamlet of Mongewell, and the village of North Stoke 2 miles (3.2 km) to the south.

History[edit]

After the Norman Conquest of England most of the land was granted to Walter Giffard, later Earl of Buckingham. It later came into the possession of William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke and remained with his heirs until passing back to the Crown. Nearby Newnham Manor was originally granted by William the Conqueror to Miles Crispin, but by 1428 was owned by Thomas Chaucer. After his death it was passed to his daughter Alice, wife of William de la Pole, 4th Earl of Suffolk. Other land was granted to Battle Abbey.

The Church of England parish church of Saint Mary Magdalene is said to have been built in about 1120. The north door, south door, three windows in the south wall, chancel arch and font are all Norman. A north transept with a pointed arch was added in about 1200. The building was restored in 1836 and 1868.[1]

In 1139 King Stephen built a wooden fort in Crowmarsh, the first of a series built in opposition to Wallingford Castle, which supported his cousin Matilda during the civil war known as The Anarchy. The forts were dismantled under the terms of the Treaty of Wallingford of 1153.

Cottages in Crowmarsh Gifford, home of Jethro Tull, 1700-1710

In 1701 agriculturist Jethro Tull invented his revolutionary seed drill here. In 1770 nearby Mongewell Park was acquired by Shute Barrington, then Bishop of Llandaff. He was buried in Mongewell Church. Mongewell Park later became the site for Carmel College. The Jacobethan country house Howbery Court (also known as Howbery Park) in Crowmarsh was built in about 1850[2] for local MP William Seymour Blackstone. It now houses the facilities of HR Wallingford Group.[3] Nearby North Stoke was the home of Dame Clara Butt, who was buried locally in 1936.

In 1944 a Royal Canadian Air Force Halifax bomber with a full bomb load caught fire over Wallingford. Most of the crew bailed out, but Flying Officer Wilding and Sergeant Andrew gave their lives to steer the plane away from the town and crash it into the fields of Crowmarsh. They are commemorated by an obelisk at the junction of Wilding Road and Andrew Road in Wallingford.

Crowmarsh Gifford is the administrative headquarters of South Oxfordshire District Council.

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sherwood & Pevsner, 1974, page 561
  2. ^ Sherwood & Pevsner, 1974, page 562
  3. ^ HR Wallingford Group