Crown Colony of Labuan

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Crown Colony of Labuan
Pulau Labuan
纳闽
British colony

 

 

 

1848–1890

1904–1906

1912–1941

1945–1946

 

 

 

1912–1946 flag
Flag Badge
   Labuan today, in    Malaysia
Capital Victoria
Languages
Government
Monarch
 -  1837 - 1901 Queen Victoria
 -  1936 - 1952 George VI
Governor unknown
unknown
Historical era British Empire
 -  Establishment of the colony 1848
 -  Transferred to North Borneo 1890
 -  Incorporated into Straits Settlements 1907
 -  Separated as a standalone colony 1912
 -  Japanese occupation 1941
 -  Labuan to North Borneo Crown 15 July 1946
 -  Federation 16 September 1963
Area 91.64 km² (35 sq mi)
Currency
Today part of  Malaysia

Labuan, made up of the main Labuan Island and six smaller islands (Burung Island, Daat Island, Kuraman Island, Papan Island, Rusukan Kecil Island, and Rusukan Besar Island), first became a Crown colony in 1848. Since 15th, Labuan was under the rule of Brunei became the shelter for the ships from storms and pirate attacks. Later on in 1846, Labuan was officially handed over to British by Raja Muda Hasim on 18 December 1846 and was declared as a free trade port.

In 1890, it came to be administered by the British North Borneo Company. It was reverted to British government rule in 1904. Then, on 1 January 1907, it joined the Straits Settlements and had been administered from Singapore, the capital of the Straits Settlements, until 1912. In 1912, Labuan was made a separate Crown colony again.

During World War II, Labuan was occupied by Japan from December 1941 to June 1945 and governed as part of the Northern Borneo military unit by the Japanese 37th Army. Labuan was renamed Maida Island (Pulau Maida, 前田島 Maeda-shima) after Marquis Toshinari Maeda, the first commander of Japanese forces in northern Borneo. The liberation of Borneo began on 10 June 1945 when the Allied Forces under the command of General McArthur landed at Labuan with a convoy of 100 ships. The 9th Australian Division launched an attack supported by massive air and sea bombardments that resulted in the surrender of the Japanese. On 9 September 1945, General Masao Baba, commander of Japanese military, surrendered at the Layang-layang beach before Major General George F. Wooten, commander of Australian 9th Division. Labuan assumed its former name and was under British military administration along with the rest of the Straits Settlements, then joined to the Crown Colony of North Borneo, on 15 July 1946, which in turn became a part of Malaysia as the state of Sabah in 16 September 1963.

Labuan was later separated from Sabah, becoming a Federal Territory, administered by the federal government, on 16 April 1984.

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