Crown Hill Cemetery
Crown Hill Cemetery
Crown Hill Cemetery Gateway, August 1970
|Location||Boulevard Pl., W. 32nd St., and Northwestern Ave., Indianapolis, Indiana|
|Area||374 acres (151 ha)|
|Architect||D.A. Bohlen; Adolf Scherrer|
|Architectural style||Late Victorian|
|NRHP Reference #||
|Added to NRHP||February 28, 1973|
Crown Hill Cemetery, located at 700 West 38th Street in Indianapolis, is the third largest non-governmental cemetery in the United States at 555 acres (225 ha). It contains 25 miles (40 km) of paved road, over 150 species of trees and plants, over 200,000 graves, and services roughly 1,500 burials per year. It sits on the highest geographic point within the pre-Unigov city limits of Indianapolis. Section 10 of the cemetery is designated as the Crown Hill National Cemetery. Parts of the cemetery were designed by Adolph Scherrer.
Prior to the establishment of Crown Hill Cemetery, the primary cemetery in Indianapolis was the 25-acre (10 ha) Greenlawn Cemetery on the southwest side of the city. The demand placed on it by the normal demands of a growing city, along with the burials of both Union soldiers and Confederate prisoners of war resulting from the American Civil War prompted the creation of a private board in 1863 to develop a new and larger cemetery. The board bought a farm outside the city limits and hired John Chislett, who was a landscape architect and cemetery superintendent of Pittsburgh, to design the grounds. Chislett retained many of the natural features and laid out winding roads to create a landscape in the Victorian Romantic style.
Crown Hill Cemetery was dedicated on June 1, 1864. The first burial took place the next day, on June 2, for a young mother named Lucy Ann Seaton, who had died of consumption.
Previously a private farm outside the city limits, Crown Hill Cemetery is a popular picnic location and today is well known for the stunning view of downtown Indianapolis from "The Crown."
- Benjamin Harrison, U.S. President, along with his first wife Caroline Harrison, his second wife Mary Dimmick Harrison, and his daughter Mary Harrison McKee
- Three Vice Presidents of the United States: Charles W. Fairbanks, Thomas A. Hendricks, and Thomas R. Marshall, and vice-presidential nominee George Washington Julian
- Eleven Indiana Governors: Noah Noble, David Wallace, James Whitcomb, Abram A. Hammond, Oliver P. Morton (the famed "War Governor" during the Civil War), Thomas A. Hendricks, Albert G. Porter, Ira Joy Chase, Winfield T. Durbin, Thomas R. Marshall, and Robert D. Orr
- Kentucky Governor William S. Taylor
- Fourteen United States Senators
- Fourteen Mayors of Indianapolis
- Ezra Dee Alexander, founder Kappa Alpha Psi Fraternity, Inc.
- Lyman S. Ayres, founder of L. S. Ayres department stores
- Erwin "Cannonball" Baker, record-setting motorcycle racer
- James Baskett, Uncle Remus in Disney's Song of the South
- Sarah T. Bolton, poet
- Ovid Butler, founder of Butler University
- Julia Carson, former United States Congresswomen of Indiana from the 7th district
- Cecil Duane Crabb, ragtime composer
- Elder Watson Diggs, a founder of Kappa Alpha Psi Fraternity, Inc.
- John Dillinger, a notorious bank robber
- William Hayden English
- Allen M. Fletcher, Governor of Vermont, 1912-1915
- Howard Garns, inventor of Sudoku
- Dr. Richard Jordan Gatling, American inventor best known for his invention of the Gatling gun
- Dr. Guy Levis Grant, a founder of Kappa Alpha Psi Fraternity, Inc.
- John Wesley Hardrick, artist
- Alfa Lloyd Hayes, a founder of Delta Zeta Sorority
- G T Haywood, First Presiding Bishop of the Pentecostal Assemblies of the World.
- Robert Irsay, former owner of the Indianapolis Colts
- Colonel Eli Lilly, founder of Eli Lilly and Company, as well as several of his descendants, including Josiah K. Lilly Sr., Josiah K. Lilly Jr., and Eli Lilly
- Frank McKinney, Olympic gold medal winning swimmer, later president of Bank One of Indiana and civic booster
- Alexander Ralston, surveyor who platted Indianapolis in 1821, including the cemetery which Crown Hill eventually replaced
- Toad Ramsey, Major League Baseball player from 1885 through 1890.
- James Whitcomb Riley, poet best known for his poem "Little Orphant Annie"
- Booth Tarkington, author and winner of two Pulitzer Prizes
- John Woodruff, Olympic Gold Medalist
- Carl Fisher, founder of Indianapolis Motor Speedway
- Three Indianapolis 500 winners: Floyd Davis, Louis Schneider, and Howdy Wilcox
- Sixteen American Civil War generals, including Union brigadier general Jefferson C. Davis
- 1,616 Confederate soldiers who died during their confinement at the Union prison camp Camp Morton and whose remains were transferred to Crown Hill in 1931.
- Two British Commonwealth service personnel are buried in this cemetery, one from each World War: Captain Joseph Hammond of the Royal Air Force, killed in an air race in 1918 and given burial in Carl Fisher's mausoleum, and Warrant Officer Thomas Taggart Young, Royal Canadian Air Force, who died in 1942.
Crown Hill Cemetery is the largest refuge for animals in the city, including packs of stray dogs and an estimated 30+ white-tailed deer. There are also numerous species of trees, over 100 which are marked with a number that corresponds to its scientific and common names on the Crown Hill Cemetery Tree Map.
There are many artworks on the property, some of which are free-standing but most of which are associated with a grave site.
Benjamin Harrison's grave
Graves of Confederate prisoners of war who died at Camp Morton
Closeup of James Whitcomb Riley's grave
John Dillinger's grave
Oliver P. Morton's grave
Thomas R. Marshall's grave
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13.
- National Park Service.
- "Indianapolis Auto greats". Celebrating Automotive Heritage at Crown Hill Cemetery (Crown Hill Cemetery). 2011. Retrieved 2012-09-10.
- Conn, Earl L. My Indiana:101 Places to See (Indiana Historical Society Press, 2006). pg.81
-  Find A Grave entry.
-  CWGC Cemetery Report, details from casualty record.
- National Park Service. "Crown Hill Cemetery". Retrieved 30 August 2011.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Crown Hill Cemetery.|
- Official website of Crown Hill cemetery
- Crown Hill Cemetery from Indianapolis, a National Park Service Discover Our Shared Heritage Travel Itinerary