Crown Point, New York

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Crown Point, New York
Town
Ruins of the barracks at Fort Crown Point
Ruins of the barracks at Fort Crown Point
Crown Point, New York is located in New York
Crown Point, New York
Crown Point, New York
Location within the state of New York
Coordinates: 43°57′1″N 73°29′1″W / 43.95028°N 73.48361°W / 43.95028; -73.48361
Country United States
State New York
County Essex
Government
 • Type Town Council
 • Town Supervisor Bethany A. Kosmider (D)
 • Town Council
Area
 • Total 81.9 sq mi (212.1 km2)
 • Land 76.3 sq mi (197.5 km2)
 • Water 5.6 sq mi (14.6 km2)
Elevation 909 ft (277 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 2,024
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 12928
Area code(s) 518
FIPS code 36-19246
GNIS feature ID 0978879

Crown Point is a town in Essex County, New York, USA. The population was 2,024 at the 2010 census. The name of the town is a direct translation of the original French name, "Pointe à la Chevelure."

The Town of Crown Point is on the eastern edge of the county. It is 39 miles (63 km) southwest of Burlington, VT, 44 miles (71 km) north-northeast from Queensbury, NY, 108 miles (174 km) south of Montreal, Quebec, and 90 miles (140 km) north of Albany, New York.[1]

History[edit]

Two forts were built (c. 1731) near the current location of the town, Fort St. Frédéric by the French and later Fort Crown Point by the British.

During colonial times and the American Revolutionary War, its strategic location often made Crown Point an important location. Situated on the west shore of Lake Champlain about 15 miles north of Fort Ticonderoga it provided a fortified position about a day's travel north of that site.

After the failure of the American Invasion of Canada in 1776, it represented the northernmost point of American control. During the British Saratoga Campaign in 1777, General Burgoyne organized a supply magazine here to support his attack of Ticonderoga.

The Town of Crown Point is an original town of the county, established in 1786 before Essex County was created. Parts of Crown Point were used to form the Towns of Elizabethtown (1798) and Willsboro (1788).

The modern settlement of the town began around 1800 with an influx of settlers from Vermont.

Crown Point holds the New York state January record low of -48.

Geography[edit]

A south view of Crown Point 1760 by Thomas Davies.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 81.9 square miles (212 km2), of which, 76.3 square miles (198 km2) of it is land and 5.6 square miles (15 km2) of it (6.89%) is water.

The east town line, defined by Lake Champlain, is the border of Vermont (Addison County). The Champlain Bridge (Route 17) connected Crown Point to Vermont until 2009, when the bridge was demolished as unsafe. A temporary ferry service, operated by the Lake Champlain Transportation Company and funded by the States of New York and Vermont, provided access from Crown Point to Vermont from late 2009 until late 2011. The new bridge at Crown Point, which was scheduled to open in August 2011,[2][3] ultimately did open to traffic that November.

Crown Point lies entirely within the Adirondack Park.

New York State Route 9N, New York State Route 22, and New York State Route 185 are north-south and east-west highways in Crown Point. NY-9N and NY-22 are conjoined through the town. NY-185 runs up the Crown Point peninsula.

Demographics[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 2,119 people, 797 households, and 578 families residing in the town. The population density was 27.8 people per square mile (10.7/km²). There were 1,063 housing units at an average density of 13.9 per square mile (5.4/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.50% White, 0.09% African American, 0.24% Native American, 0.38% Asian, 0.14% from other races, and 1.65% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.14% of the population.

There were 797 households out of which 33.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.2% were married couples living together, 8.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.4% were non-families. 21.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.64 and the average family size was 3.06.

In the town the population was spread out with 28.0% under the age of 18, 6.7% from 18 to 24, 27.0% from 25 to 44, 23.8% from 45 to 64, and 14.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 102.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.0 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $33,958, and the median income for a family was $39,853. Males had a median income of $31,106 versus $20,074 for females. The per capita income for the town was $16,692. About 10.8% of families and 14.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.9% of those under age 18 and 9.6% of those age 65 or over....

Communities and locations in Crown Point[edit]

The former bridge at Crown Point
  • Bulwagga Bay – A bay between Crown Point peninsula and the mainland of the county.
  • Burdick Crossing – A hamlet in the northeast part of the town, near the south end of Crown Point on County Road 48.
  • Cold Spring Park – A hamlet in the northeast part of the town on County Road 7.
  • Crown Point – The hamlet of Crown Point is in the eastern part of the town on Routes NY-9N and NY-22.
  • Crown Point – A peninsula in the south end of Lake Champlain and site some historic fortifications.
  • Crown Point Center – A hamlet west of Factoryville at the junction of County Roads 2 and 7.
  • Crown Point State Historic Site – A state park/historical site at the north tip of Crown Point peninsula.
  • Eagle Lake – A lake partly in the southwest part of the town.
  • Factoryville – A hamlet west of Crown Point village.
  • Ironville – A hamlet in the south part of the town on County Road 2 at the north end of Penfield Pond. It is the location of the Ironville Historic District.
  • Penfield Pond – A lake partly inside Crown Point at the south town line.
  • Putts Creek Wildlife Management Area – A conservation area north of Crown Point village.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Crown Point, NY on Wolfram Alpha.
  2. ^ Temporary Lake Champlain ferry service begins, Boston.com, February 1, 2010.
  3. ^ Essex County, NY Board of Supervisors Minutes, February 1, 2010.
  4. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 43°57′01″N 73°26′13″W / 43.95028°N 73.43694°W / 43.95028; -73.43694