Crown jellyfish

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For the crown jellyfish of the order Rhizostomae, see Cephea and Netrostoma.
Crown jellyfishes
Nausithoe aurea.jpg
Nausithoe aurea
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Cnidaria
Class: Scyphozoa
Order: Coronatae
Vanhöffen, 1892

Crown jellyfishes are the six families of true jellyfish that belong to the order Coronatae.[1][2] They are distinguished from other jellyfish by the presence of a deep groove running around the umbrella, giving them the crown shape from which they take their name. Many of the species in the order inhabit deep sea environments.[3]


As of 2007, there were 47 recognized extant species in Coronatae.[1] These belong in the following six families:[1][2]


  1. ^ a b c Daly, Brugler, Cartwright, Collins, Dawson, Fautin, France, McFadden, Opresko, Rodriguez, Romano & Stake (2007). The phylum Cnidaria: A review of phylogenetic patterns and diversity 300 years after Linnaeus. Zootaxa 1668: 127–182
  2. ^ a b WoRMS. "Coronatae". World Register of Marine Species. Retrieved 4 August 2012. 
  3. ^ Barnes, Robert D. (1982). Invertebrate Zoology. Philadelphia, PA: Holt-Saunders International. p. 149. ISBN 0-03-056747-5.