Croydon, Victoria

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Croydon
MelbourneVictoria
CroydonVistaMtDandenongMarch2009.jpg
View of Croydon and Mount Dandenong
Croydon is located in Melbourne
Croydon
Croydon
Coordinates 37°47′46″S 145°16′52″E / 37.796°S 145.281°E / -37.796; 145.281Coordinates: 37°47′46″S 145°16′52″E / 37.796°S 145.281°E / -37.796; 145.281
Population 23,553 (2011)[1]
 • Density 1,647/km2 (4,266/sq mi)
Postcode(s) 3136
Area 14.3 km2 (5.5 sq mi)
Location 31 km (19 mi) from Melbourne
LGA(s) City of Maroondah
State electorate(s) Kilsyth, Warrandyte
Federal Division(s) Casey, Deakin
Suburbs around Croydon:
Croydon Hills Croydon North Mooroolbark
Ringwood Croydon Mooroolbark
Ringwood East Croydon South Kilsyth

Croydon is a suburb of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 27 km east of Melbourne's Central Business District. Its local government area is the City of Maroondah. At the 2011 Census, Croydon had a population of 23,553.

History[edit]

Dating back to 1840 the land was first utilised by settlers for grazing and the first road cut through the area now known as Croydon, was initially known as Sawmill Road, as a sawmill was nearby. Later it became known as Oxford Road and later Mt Dandenong Road, some time in the early 1900s.

Owing to the coarse silvery-white grass, the area now known as Croydon was first called "White Flats". The Lacey family from Essex, England named the area Croydon after Mrs Lacey's home town. They preferred this to Mr Lacey's home town, Steeple Bumpstead. The Lacey family has a street named after them near the Main St. shopping precint.

In 1868 parcels of land were surveyed and the first habitations were constructed with wattle and daub. These were later rebuilt in timber and the area prospered in sheep, beef and dairy farming, and sawmills. Orchards were soon established and thrived. Crops included apples, cherries, pears, peaches and plums. Street names in and around Croydon now reflect the impact orchards had on "White Flats".

In 1874 Cobb & Co. ran horses and carts to the area, also known as Brushy Creek.

In 1882 a single rail track was constructed through to Lilydale. When opened on 1 December 1882[2] the station was called Warrandyte.[3] Travellers would travel by rail to "Warrandyte" station and were then faced with a horse and coach ride to Warrandyte, some 10 km north, which was not well received by the vast majority of travellers, believing the Yarra River was close by. On 1 August 1884 it was renamed Croydon railway station.

From the mid-1880s Croydon started to develop and Mr James Hewish built his home and several other business ventures, including a general store, news agency, butchers shop and hotel, and planted various orchard trees. The Post Office opened on 1 December 1883 after the railway line was established. Nelson's Hill Post Office opened nearby in 1902 and was renamed Burnt Bridge in 1979.[4]

In 1908 Croydon Hall, in Mt Dandenong Road, was built. It is now home to EV's Entertainment Centre.

In 1912 Croydon was proclaimed and gazetted as a town.

In 1925 the Croydon section of the Lilydale railway line was electrified, with electrification arriving at Lilydale a month later. Croydon railway station was rebuilt in the 1980s. As part of its increasing passenger traffic the bus station/interchange was revamped in the early 2000s and is used by Invicta and Ventura Bus Services.

In the early 1920s a Monday market began. The market included live animals, chickens, birds and other small animals. It was a noted landmark and meeting place for locals from neighbouring suburbs until the site was redeveloped in the 1980s. It closed down in 2012.

Originally Croydon was part of the Shire of Lillydale. In 1957 a request was submitted for Croydon to leave the Shire of Lillydale and become its own entity. The City of Croydon|Shire of Croydon was incorporated in May 1961 and was proclaimed a City in 1971. It was merged, along with the City of Ringwood, into the City of Maroondah in 1994.

Croydon today[edit]

Main Street, Croydon, is still the thriving hub and currently has over 187 traders, from eateries, clothing, music, toys, hairdressers, a cinema and many others. The Main Street has ample parking on and behind the shops.

The Croydon Market Complex, as it is now known, has been subject to several development applications, including one for a small cinema complex to be built, which did not eventuate. The key tenant being a 19 aisle Coles Supermarket (second largest in Victoria) and 15 or so smaller traders, including a newsagent, chemist and various clothing, eateries, florist and bakeries. In the early 2000s the site was expanded to include an Aldi supermarket, taking over part of the existing carpark on the Kent Avenue side of the block.

Croydon is also served by the Arndale Centre and Civic Square, located on Mt Dandenong Road, opposite the Croydon Park, which has in excess of 20 retail outlets of size and type.

During the late 1990s and early 2000 onwards, Croydon's housing density and type changed and increased with the advent of 'dual-occupancy'. Many of former large housing blocks were sold and redeveloped.

Residents have since then seemed to feel slightly aggrieved with some actions in the City and have more than once stated at Council meetings and in the local newspapers over the years that they are 'second cousins to those in Ringwood'.

The Croydon area is served by two weekly newspapers; the Maroondah Journal and the Maroondah Leader.

Political representation in Croydon[edit]

In 2008, the Victorian Electoral Commission conducted an Electoral Representation Review. This resulted in the existing seven wards being amalgamated into three. Retaining three names, each new ward has three Councillors. The new wards are as follows:

  • Arrabri (South - East of the City of Maroondah)
  • Wyreena (North - North East of the City of Maroondah)
  • Mullum (Central - Western of the City of Maroondah)

Croydon is represented by two State Electoral Districts; Croydon and Warrandyte. From the Federal perspective, Croydon sits across two Electoral Divisions; Casey and Deakin.

Leisure and lifestyle[edit]

In 2007 the City of Maroondah built additional leisure facilities in Croydon, in addition to the existing Croydon gymnasium facility in Civic Square. Called Aquahub, it opened in August, 2008.

Croydon Memorial is located on Springfield Road. An outdoor pool venue, open each November - March, it also holds VICSWIM classes during school holidays. There has been considerable debate as to the 'viability' of the pool from Council. Petitions were signed and meetings held to try to keep the pool open. In 2007 Council agreed to keep the pool open.

Wyreena Community Arts Centre is located on Hull Road. It is home to varied artistic activities and 98.1 Eastern FM.

Maroondah Festival[edit]

The Maroondah Festival is held each year in the Croydon Park and embraced by the City of Maroondah and residents from surrounding suburbs. A great day out and performers have included: Daryl Braithwaite, Kate Ceberano, Vanessa Amorosi, Paul Kelly, Johnny Diesel, Hunters and Collectors, The Living End, 28 Days, Bodyjar, Frenzal Rhomb, Spiderbait, Kisschasy and even a few international acts, including Sonia Dada.

Youth services[edit]

EV's Youth Centre opened in 1989 and is run by Maroondah Youth Services, for young people aged between 12-25 yrs. The team cover a wide range of activities and information services for young people to access, including INFO-HQ each Wednesday afternoon and Drop-In on Friday afternoons (Drop-In is open except during school holidays).

There is also the Maroondah FReeZA Group, a long-standing local venue for all-ages live music events, with both all age and under-age, fully supervised D&D free dance parties and live gigs.

Sport[edit]

Croydon City Arrows Soccer Club was established in 1957 and plays its home games at Dorset Recreational Reserve. The club has been Victorian champions twice, in both 1985 and 1986, and plays in Provisional League 1 South-East. Notable players include former Australian internationals Danny Allsopp, Paul Wade and Peter Ollerton.

The Croydon Cricket Club, established in 1886, plays at Croydon Park Oval. It participates in the Victorian Sub-District Cricket Association, the state's second highest level of cricket. It also has several Junior sides competing in the Ringwood and District Cricket Association, with U12,U14,U16,U18 and non comps for U10s. Croydon also has two veterans sides competing in Masters (over 40s) and Legends (over 50's).

The Croydon Tennis Club was established in 1907 and is one of Victoria's oldest clubs, servicing the eastern suburbs community of Croydon and surrounding areas. In recent years[when?] the club has facilitated the installation of water saving technologies, for which it received an award, as well as securing a Council grant for up-to-date night lighting.

Croydon Football Club also plays at Croydon Park Oval. They were formed in 1906 and are nicknamed "The Blues", wearing a navy blue strip similar to the Carlton Football Club. Croydon FC is a member of the Eastern Football League.[5] In season 1998 it returned to play in Division One. In season 2009 The Blues finished on top of Division One, with 60 Points, equal to Balwyn. Their reserve side also finished on top of the ladder in 2009 and both sides played in the grand final, with the sides losing to Vermont and Knox respectively. Season 2012 saw Croydon finish on the bottom of the ladder and they were relegated to Division Two.

The Croydon Golf Club, once located on the picturesque Dorset Road site, was sold to a housing development consortium in late 2006. After much legal argument and petition, the land was zoned residential in accordance with Government legislation. The golf club has since relocated to a site in Yering. Local golfers can still play at the Dorset Golf Course, on Trawalla Road.[6]

Croydon also has an athletics club, which was established in 2007. It is a small club, with 47 members in the 2008/09 season.

Education[edit]

Secondary schools[edit]

Primary schools[edit]


Further education[edit]

Public transport[edit]

Croydon railway station is on the Lilydale railway line and is in PTV ticketing Zone 2. The station has ramp access on the Main Street side, or City side and is less than a five-minute walk from Main Street.

The bus and rail Interchange has a number of buses servicing the surrounding suburbs, which can be found on either side of the Croydon railway station:

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Croydon (State Suburb)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 2012-08-27. 
  2. ^ VICSIG Infrastructure - Croydon
  3. ^ Croydon Historical Society (2012). Croydon Then and Now. p. 11. ISBN 978-0-646-58466-9. 
  4. ^ Premier Postal History, Post Office List, retrieved 2008-04-11 
  5. ^ Full Point Footy, Croydon, retrieved 2008-10-21 
  6. ^ Golf Select, Dorset, retrieved 2009-05-11 

External links[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Muriel McGivern; A History of Croydon, Volumes 1 and 2. 1969.
  • Croydon Historical Society Inc; Croydon Then and Now, 2012.