View of Croydon and Mount Dandenong
|• Density||1,647/km2 (4,266/sq mi)|
|Area||14.3 km2 (5.5 sq mi)|
|Location||31 km (19 mi) from Melbourne|
|LGA(s)||City of Maroondah|
|State electorate(s)||Kilsyth, Warrandyte|
|Federal Division(s)||Casey, Deakin|
Croydon is a suburb of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 27 km east of Melbourne's Central Business District. Its local government area is the City of Maroondah. At the 2011 Census, Croydon had a population of 23,553.
- 1 History
- 2 Croydon today
- 3 Political representation in Croydon
- 4 Leisure and lifestyle
- 5 Sport
- 6 Education
- 7 Public transport
- 8 Notable people
- 9 See also
- 10 References
- 11 External links
- 12 Further reading
Dating back to the 1840s, land was first utilised for grazing and the first road cut through the area, now known as Croydon, was initially known as Sawmill Road, as a sawmill was nearby. Later it became known as Oxford Road and later Mt Dandenong Road, some time in the early 1900s.
Owing to the silvery-white grass and coarse in texture, the area we know now as Croydon was first called White Flats. The family Lacey from Essex England named Crodyon. They choose Croydon after Mrs Laceys home town. They choose this over Mr Laceys home town because he was from Steeple Bumpstead. They thought Croydon would sound better. The family Lacey has a street named after them just off the Main St shopping precint.
In 1868 parcels of land were surveyed and the first habitations were constructed out of wattle and daub. These were later rebuilt in timber and the area prospered in sheep, beef and dairy farming and sawmills. Orchards were soon established and thrived. Crops included apples, cherries, pears, peaches and plums. Indeed several street names in and around Croydon now reflect the impact orchards had on "White Flats".
In 1874 Cobb & Co ran horses and carts to the area (Brushy Creek).
In 1882 a single track railway line was constructed through to Lilydale. When opened on 1 December 1882 the station was called Warrandyte. Travellers would travel by rail to "Warrandyte" station and were then faced with a horse and coach ride to Warrandyte, some 10 km north, which was not well received by the vast majority of travellers, believing the Yarra River was close by. On 1 August 1884 it was renamed to Croydon railway station.
The origin of the name Croydon is English and was proposed by one Mr Gregory Lacey in the 1880s. A resident of the Croydon area, Lacey suggested the name after the English town of his wife's birth.
From the mid-1880s Croydon started to develop and Mr James Hewish built not only his home, but several other business ventures, including a general store, newsagency, a butchers shop, hotel and planted various orchard trees. Several street names around the centre of Croydon reflect its previous usage. The Post Office opened on 1 December 1883 after the railway line arrived. A Nelson's Hill Post Office opened in the area in 1902 and was renamed Burnt Bridge in 1979.
In 1908 Croydon Hall, in Mt Dandenong Road, was built. It is now home to EV's Entertainment Centre.
In 1912 Croydon was proclaimed and gazetted as a town.
In 1925 the Croydon section of the Lilydale railway line was electrified, with electrification arriving at Lilydale a month later. Croydon railway station was rebuilt in the 1980s. As part of its increasing passenger traffic the bus station/interchange was revamped in the early 2000s and is used by Invicta and Ventura Bus Services.
In the early 1920s a Monday market began. The market included live animals, chickens, birds and other small animals. It was a noted landmark and meeting place for locals from neighbouring suburbs until the site was redeveloped in the 1980s. A Monday market still exists but is not the drawcard it once was.
Originally Croydon was part of the Shire of Lillydale. In 1957 a request was submitted for Croydon to leave the Shire of Lillydale and become its own entity. The Shire of Croydon was incorporated in May 1961 and was proclaimed a City in 1971. It was merged, along with the City of Ringwood, into the City of Maroondah, in 1994.
Main Street, Croydon, is still the thriving hub and currently has over 187 traders, from eateries, clothing, music, toys, hairdressers, a cinema and many others. The Main Street has ample parking on and behind the shops.
The Croydon Market Complex, as it is now known, has been subject to several development applications, including one for a small cinema complex to be built, which did not eventuate. The key tenant being a 19 aisle Coles Supermarket (second largest in Victoria) and 15 or so smaller traders, including a newsagent, chemist and various clothing, eateries, florist and bakeries. In the early 2000s the site was expanded to include an Aldi supermarket, taking over part of the existing carpark on the Kent Avenue side of the block.
Croydon is also served by the Arndale Centre and Civic Square, located on Mt Dandenong Road, opposite the Croydon Park, which has in excess of 20 retail outlets of size and type.
During the late 1990s and early 2000 onwards, Croydon's housing density and type changed and increased with the advent of 'dual-occupancy'. Many of former large housing blocks were sold and redeveloped.
Residents have since then seemed to feel slightly aggrieved with some actions in the City and have more than once stated at Council meetings and in the local newspapers over the years that they are 'second cousins to those in Ringwood'.
The Croydon area is served by two weekly newspapers; the Maroondah Journal and the Maroondah Leader.
Political representation in Croydon
In 2008, the Victorian Electoral Commission conducted an Electoral Representation Review. This resulted in the existing seven wards being amalgamated into three. Retaining three names, each new ward has three Councillors. The new wards are as follows:
- Arrabri (South - East of the City of Maroondah)
- Wyreena (North - North East of the City of Maroondah)
- Mullum (Central - Western of the City of Maroondah)
Leisure and lifestyle
In 2007 the City of Maroondah built additional leisure facilities in Croydon, in addition to the existing Croydon gymnasium facility in Civic Square. Called Aquahub, it opened in August, 2008.
Croydon Memorial is located on Springfield Road. An outdoor pool venue, open each November - March, it also holds VICSWIM classes during school holidays. There has been considerable debate as to the 'viability' of the pool from Council. Petitions were signed and meetings held to try to keep the pool open. In 2007 Council agreed to keep the pool open.
Wyreena Community Arts Centre is located on Hull Road. It is home to varied artistic activities and 98.1 Eastern FM.
The Maroondah Festival is held each year in the Croydon Park and embraced by the City of Maroondah and residents from surrounding suburbs. A great day out and performers have included: Daryl Braithwaite, Kate Ceberano, Vanessa Amorosi, Paul Kelly, Johnny Diesel, Hunters and Collectors, The Living End, 28 Days, Bodyjar, Frenzal Rhomb, Spiderbait, Kisschasy and even a few international acts, including Sonia Dada.
EV's Youth Centre opened in 1989 and is run by Maroondah Youth Services, for young people aged between 12-25 yrs. The team cover a wide range of activities and information services for young people to access, including INFO-HQ each Wednesday afternoon and Drop-In on Friday afternoons (Drop-In is open except during school holidays).
There is also the Maroondah FReeZA Group, a long-standing local venue for all-ages live music events, with both all age and under-age, fully supervised D&D free dance parties and live gigs.
Croydon City Arrows Soccer Club was established in 1957 and plays its home games at Dorset Recreational Reserve. The club has been Victorian champions twice, in both 1985 and 1986, and plays in Provisional League 1 South-East. Notable players include former Australian internationals Danny Allsopp, Paul Wade and Peter Ollerton.
The Croydon Cricket Club, established in 1886, plays at Croydon Park Oval. It participates in the Victorian Sub-District Cricket Association, the state's second highest level of cricket. It also has several Junior sides competing in the Ringwood and District Cricket Association, with U12,U14,U16,U18 and non comps for U10s. Croydon also has two veterans sides competing in Masters (over 40s) and Legends (over 50's).
The Croydon Tennis Club was established in 1907 and is one of Victoria's oldest clubs, servicing the eastern suburbs community of Croydon and surrounding areas. In recent years[when?] the club has facilitated the installation of water saving technologies, for which it received an award, as well as securing a Council grant for up-to-date night lighting.
Croydon Football Club also plays at Croydon Park Oval. They were formed in 1906 and are nicknamed "The Blues", wearing a navy blue strip similar to the Carlton Football Club. Croydon FC is a member of the Eastern Football League. In season 1998 it returned to play in Division One. In season 2009 The Blues finished on top of Division One, with 60 Points, equal to Balwyn. Their reserve side also finished on top of the ladder in 2009 and both sides played in the grand final, with the sides losing to Vermont and Knox respectively. Season 2012 saw Croydon finish on the bottom of the ladder and they were relegated to Division Two.
The Croydon Golf Club, once located on the picturesque Dorset Road site, was sold to a housing development consortium in late 2006. After much legal argument and petition, the land was zoned residential in accordance with Government legislation. The golf club has since relocated to a site in Yering. Local golfers can still play at the Dorset Golf Course, on Trawalla Road.
Croydon also has an athletics club, which was established in 2007. It is a small club, with 47 members in the 2008/09 season.
- Croydon Primary School
- Tinternvale Primary School
- Croydon West Primary School
- Dorset Primary School
- Ruskin Park Primary School
- Sacred Heart Primary School (Catholic)
- Good Shepherd Lutheran Primary School (GSLPS)
- Swinburne University of Technology has a campus in Norton Road, Croydon, offering TAFE courses and apprenticeship training and both short and long term courses on a variety of subjects.
Croydon railway station is on the Lilydale railway line and is in PTV ticketing Zone 2. The station has ramp access on the Main Street side, or City side and is less than a five-minute walk from Main Street.
The bus and rail Interchange has a number of buses servicing the surrounding suburbs, which can be found on either side of the Croydon railway station:
- 366 Ringwood – Croydon via Croydon Hills (every day). Operated by Ventura Bus Lines and Transdev Melbourne.
- 367 Ringwood – Croydon via Ringwood East (every day). Operated by Ventura Bus Lines and Transdev Melbourne.
- 664 Chirnside Park SC – Westfield Knox via Bayswater Station, Croydon Station (every day). Operated by Invicta Bus Services.
- 670 Lilydale – Ringwood via Croydon Station, Chirnside Park Shopping Centre (every day). Operated by Invicta Bus Services.
- 671 Croydon – Chirnside Park Shopping Centre (Monday to Saturday). Operated by Invicta Bus Services.
- 688 Croydon – Upper Ferntree Gully via Mount Dandenong, Olinda, Tremont (every day). Operated by Ventura Bus Lines and US Bus Lines.
- 689 Croydon – Montrose via Kilsyth (Monday to Saturday). Operated by Ventura Bus Lines.
- 690 Croydon – Boronia via Kilsyth, Canterbury Gardens (every day). Operated by Ventura Bus Lines.
- Mick Molloy - Comedian, actor, writer, producer and radio presenter, attended Maroondah Secondary College.
- Damian Gardiner - Bass player for 28 Days, grew up in Croydon.
- Tim Smith - Comedian and radio identity, attended Maroondah Secondary College.
- Peter Russell-Clarke - Chef and author, lived in the Croydon area.
- Jodie Lobert - Young Talent Time performer, attended Croydon Secondary College.
- Lorena Novoa - Young Talent Time performer, attended Croydon Secondary College.
- John Wood - Gold Logie winning Australian actor, resided in Croydon during his childhood, attended the then Ringwood High School, now Ringwood Secondary College.
- Kane Johnson - Former captain of the Richmond Football Club, attended Croydon Secondary College.
- 360 (rapper) - attended Luther College, Croydon
- City of Croydon - the former local government area
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Croydon (State Suburb)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 2012-08-27.
- VICSIG Infrastructure - Croydon
- Croydon Historical Society (2012). Croydon Then and Now. p. 11. ISBN 978-0-646-58466-9.
- Premier Postal History, Post Office List, retrieved 2008-04-11
- Full Point Footy, Croydon, retrieved 2008-10-21
- Golf Select, Dorset, retrieved 2009-05-11
- Australian Places - Croydon
- Maroondah City Council Official Website
- Maroondah Festival Official Website
- Start Swinburne Site for Australian prospective students
- Swinburne University of Technology Home page
- Croydon Cricket Club Home Page
- Eastern Football League Homepage
- EV's Youth Centre Home page
- Vic State Govt, Youth Central Home Page
- Main Street Croydon Home Page
- Victorian Electoral Commission Home Page
- Muriel McGivern; A History of Croydon, Volumes 1 and 2. 1969.
- Croydon Historical Society Inc; Croydon Then and Now, 2012.