Croydon (UK Parliament constituency)

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Croydon
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
County Surrey
18851918
Number of members One
Replaced by Croydon North and Croydon South
Created from East Surrey

Croydon was a constituency in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1885 to 1918. It elected one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election.

Boundaries[edit]

This constituency was a parliamentary borough covering an area based on the town of Croydon. Croydon had been a Municipal Borough from 1883 and was to become a County Borough in 1889. By 1902, at the latest, the parliamentary and local government boroughs had the same boundaries.

The Royal Commission on London Traffic, which reported in 1906, included the borough in its definition of Greater London. It is part of the northern section of the historic county of Surrey, which was included in Greater London after 1965.

From 1918 Croydon was divided into two borough constituencies - Croydon North and Croydon South.

History[edit]

A large part of the inhabitants of this constituency commuted to work in the City of London. It was however an area where attendance at Nonconformist chapels exceeded that at Anglican churches, according to the Daily News survey of 1902. By the time of the 1911 census a larger artisan population had moved in so the social status of the borough was declining.

The constituency was in general Conservative, but less strongly so than many suburban commuter seats around London. The Labour Party secured 20% of the vote, in a three way contest, in the 1906 election.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member Party
1885 William Grantham Conservative
1886 by-election Hon. Sidney Herbert Conservative
1895 by-election Charles Thomson Ritchie Conservative
1906 H. O. Arnold-Forster Liberal Unionist
1909 by-election Sir Robert Hermon-Hodge, Bt. Conservative
Dec 1910 Ian Zachary Malcolm Conservative
1918 constituency abolished: see Croydon North & Croydon South

See also[edit]

Election results[edit]

References[edit]

Note: In 1906 this constituency was close enough to London to be considered part of a Greater London area. From 1965 Croydon formed part of the administrative area of Greater London. Nevertheless at the time it existed the constituency was a Surrey borough, so it was in the South East region rather than the London region. Both regional historic constituency categories apply.