Croydon North (UK Parliament constituency)

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Croydon North
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Croydon North in Greater London.
County Greater London
Electorate 85,107 (December 2010)[1]
Major settlements Thornton Heath, Norbury, Selhurst, South Norwood, Upper Norwood
Current constituency
Created 1997
Member of Parliament Steve Reed (Labour Party)
Number of members One
Created from Croydon North East and Croydon North West
19181955
Number of members One
Replaced by Croydon North East and Croydon North West
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency London

Croydon North is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2012 by Steve Reed of the Labour Party.[n 2]

History[edit]

On recreation at the 1997 general election the MP for the seat became Malcolm Wicks of the Labour Party with the fourth largest Labour majority in Greater London. Wicks was victorious at the next two general elections and died on 29 September 2012, prompting the 2012 Croydon North by-election which was won by Steve Reed, also of the Labour Party.

The seat was created from the former Croydon North West and part of the former North East constituencies. In its previous form it existed from 1918 until 1955.

Constituency profile[edit]

Croydon North is the densest of Croydon's three seats, regarded now as safely Labour with all wards held safely by them at local level, consisting for the most part of rows of modest terraced houses, interspersed with tower blocks, much of it social and ex-social housing and with recreation areas.[2]

Passing through the constituency are London Overground and Southern services to London Victoria and Croydon — the seat is well connected by several stations to rail services. There has been some regeneration since 2000 with new-build developments for affluent commuters.[3]

The seat includes Crystal Palace FC's ground at Selhurst Park and the northeastern end of the seat is near the site of the former Crystal Palace itself.

Boundaries[edit]

Wards of Croydon North constituency (orange) within the London Borough of Croydon (yellow)

The constituency covers the north west of the London Borough of Croydon and includes Thornton Heath, Norbury, Selhurst and parts of South and Upper Norwood. It is made up of eight electoral wards from the borough:

  • Bensham Manor, Broad Green, Norbury, Selhurst, South Norwood, Thornton Heath, Upper Norwood, and West Thornton

Croydon's three constituencies are contiguous with the boundaries of the London Borough of Croydon. Croydon North borders the seats of Carshalton and Wallington, Mitcham and Morden, Streatham, Dulwich and West Norwood, Beckenham, Croydon Central, and Croydon South.

Members of Parliament[edit]

As Croydon North[edit]

Election Member Party
1918 George Oldroyd Borwick Conservative
1922 Glyn Mason Conservative
1940 by-election Henry Willink Conservative
1948 by-election Fred Harris Conservative
1955 Constituency abolished: see Croydon North East and Croydon North West
1997 Constituency re-created
1997 Malcolm Wicks Labour
2012 Steve Reed Labour

As Croydon North East[edit]

Event Member[4] Party
1955 John Hughes-Hallett Conservative
1964 Bernard Weatherill Conservative
1983 Speaker
1992 David Congdon Conservative

As Croydon North West[edit]

Election Member Party
1955 Fred Harris Conservative
1970 Robert Taylor Conservative
1981 by-election Bill Pitt Liberal
1983 Humfrey Malins Conservative
1992 Malcolm Wicks Labour
2012 by-election Steve Reed Labour

Election results[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2015: Croydon North[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Green Shasha Khan[6]
Labour Steve Reed
Conservative Vidhi Moham
UKIP Winston McKenzie


Croydon North by-election, 2012
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Steve Reed 15,892 64.7 +8.7
Conservative Andrew Stranack 4,137 16.8 -7.3
UKIP Winston McKenzie 1,400 5.7 +4.0
Liberal Democrat Marisha Ray 860 3.5 -10.5
Green Shasha Khan 855 3.5 +1.5
Respect Lee Jasper 707 2.9 +2.4
Christian Peoples Stephen Hammond 192 0.8 N/A
National Front Richard Edmonds 161 0.7 N/A
Communist Ben Stevenson 119 0.5 +0.2
Monster Raving Loony John Cartwright 110 0.4 N/A
Nine Eleven Was An Inside Job Simon Lane 66 0.3 N/A
Young People's Party Robin Smith 63 0.3 N/A
Majority 11,755 47.9% +16.0%
Rejected ballots
Turnout 26.53%
Labour hold Swing
General Election 2010: Croydon North[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Malcolm Wicks 28,947 56.0 +2.4
Conservative Jason Hadden 12,466 24.1 +1.9
Liberal Democrat Gerry Jerome 7,226 14.0 −3.2
Green Shasha Khan 1,017 2.0 −0.9
UKIP Jonathan Serter 891 1.7 −0.0
Christian Novlette Williams 586 1.1 N/A
Respect Mohommad Shaikh 272 0.5 N/A
Communist Ben Stevenson 160 0.3 N/A
Independent Mohamed Seyed 111 0.2 N/A
Majority 16,481 31.9 +0.5
Turnout 51,676 60.6 +8.0
Labour hold Swing +0.3

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Croydon North[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Malcolm Wicks 23,555 53.7 −9.8
Conservative Tariq Ahmad 9,667 22.0 −1.3
Liberal Democrat Adrian Gee-Turner 7,590 17.2 +6.8
Green Shasha Khan 1,248 2.8 N/A
UKIP Henry Pearce 770 1.8 +0.4
Croydon Pensions Alliance Peter Gibson 394 0.9 N/A
Veritas Winston McKenzie 324 0.7 N/A
Independent Farhan Rasheed 197 0.4 N/A
The People's Choice! Exclusively For All Michelle Chambers 132 0.3 N/A
Majority 13,888 31.7
Turnout 43,877 52.3 −0.9
Labour hold Swing −4.3
General Election 2001: Croydon North
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Malcolm Wicks 26,610 63.5 +1.4
Conservative Simon Allison 9,752 23.3 -3.9
Liberal Democrat Sandra Lawman 4,375 10.4 +2.7
UKIP Alan Smith 606 1.4 +0.7
Socialist Alliance Don Madgwick 539 1.3 N/A
Majority 16,858 40.2
Turnout 41,882 53.2 -15.0
Labour hold Swing

Election in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Croydon North
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Malcolm Wicks 32,672 62.2 N/A
Conservative Ian Martin 14,274 27.2 N/A
Liberal Democrat Martin Morris 4,066 7.7 N/A
Referendum Party Roger Billis 1,155 2.2 N/A
UKIP James R. Feisenberger 396 0.8 N/A
Majority 18,398 N/A
Turnout 68.2 N/A
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1951: Croydon North
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Fred Harris 29,984 55.5 +2.1
Labour Reginald Prentice 19,738 36.6 +0.1
Liberal Brian Collins 4,272 7.9 -2.3
Majority 10,246 19.0
Turnout 53,994
Conservative hold Swing +1.0
General Election 1950: Croydon North
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Fred Harris 29,420 53.4
Labour Reginald Prentice 20,116 36.5
Liberal F. O. H. Rowlands 5,600 10.2
Majority 9,304 16.9
Turnout 55,136
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

1948 By-election: Croydon North
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Fred Harris 36,200 54.0 +13.9
Labour Hon. Harold Nicolson 24,536 36.6 -3.5
Liberal Donald Bennett 6,321 9.4 -9.4
Majority 11,664 17.4 +16.3
Turnout 67,057
Conservative hold Swing +8.7
General Election 1945: Croydon North
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Henry Willink 23,417 41.1 -26.0
Labour Marian Billson 22,810 40.1 +7.2
Liberal John Howard 10,714 18.8 +18.8
Majority 607 1.1 -33.0
Turnout 56,941
Conservative hold Swing -16.6
v. 1935
1940 By-election: Croydon North
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Henry Willink 14,163 90.7 N/A
Independent Arthur Lascelles Lucas 1,445 9.3 N/A
Majority 12,718 81.4 N/A
Turnout 15,608
Conservative hold Swing N/A

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1935: Croydon North
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Glyn Mason 36,383 67.1 -13.8
Labour F. Mitchell 17,872 32.9 +13.8
Majority 18,511 34.1 -27.6
Turnout 54,255
Conservative hold Swing -13.8
General Election 1931: Croydon North
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Glyn Mason 45,595 80.9 +30.5
Labour H. W. Ray 10,795 19.1 -7.4
Majority 34,800 61.7 +37.8
Turnout 56,490
Conservative hold Swing +19.0

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 1929: Croydon North
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Glyn Mason 26,336 50.4 -19.9
Labour Gilbert Foan 13,852 26.5 -3.2
Liberal C. W. Nunneley 12,053 23.1 +23.1
Majority 12,484 23.9
Turnout 52,241
Conservative hold Swing -8.3
General Election 1924: Croydon North
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Glyn Mason 25,972 70.3
Labour Gilbert Foan 10,954 29.7
Majority 15,018 40.7
Turnout 36,926
Conservative hold Swing

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
References

Sources[edit]