Croydon North West (UK Parliament constituency)

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Croydon North West
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
County 1955–1965: Surrey
1965–1997: Greater London
19551997
Number of members One
Replaced by Croydon North
Created from Croydon North and Croydon West

Croydon North West was a borough constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It elected one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election.

Politics and history of the constituency[edit]

The Croydon North West constituency was created for the 1955 general election, just five years after a previous re-organisation of the three seats in the County Borough of Croydon.

It took in areas of the former Croydon North and Croydon West constituencies and bordered Croydon North East and Croydon South, as well as, when originally created, the constituencies of Streatham, Norwood, Beckenham and Mitcham.

The constituency was abolished at the 1997 general election and was entirely subsumed within the new Croydon North, with the addition of the Thornton Heath, Upper Norwood and South Norwood wards.

For almost all of its history, Croydon North West had Conservative Members of Parliament. It was the scene of a famous by-election in 1981, following the death of its MP, won by Bill Pitt for the SDP-Liberal Alliance. However, it returned to the Conservatives two years later, remaining so until it was snatched by Malcolm Wicks for the Labour Party at the 1992 general election.

Boundaries[edit]

1955-1974: The county borough of Croydon wards of Bensham Manor, Norbury, Upper Norwood, West Thornton, and Whitehorse Manor.

1974-1983: The London Borough of Croydon wards of Bensham Manor, Norbury, Upper Norwood, West Thornton, and Whitehorse Manor.

1983-1997: The London Borough of Croydon wards of Bensham Manor, Beulah, Broad Green, Norbury, West Thornton, and Whitehorse Manor.

When first created, Croydon North West included the areas of Norbury, Upper Norwood and parts of west Croydon and Thornton Heath. It saw various boundary changes, largely stretching further south and losing its more easterly parts. At the time of its abolition in 1997, Croydon North West covered all of West Croydon, Selhurst, Norbury and parts of Thornton Heath around the Thornton Heath Pond, within the London Borough of Croydon.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member Party
1955 Fred Harris Conservative
1970 Robert Taylor Conservative
1981 by-election Bill Pitt Liberal
1983 Humfrey Malins Conservative
1992 Malcolm Wicks Labour
1997 Constituency abolished: see Croydon North

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1992: Croydon North West[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Malcolm Wicks 19,153 47.3 +10.3
Conservative Humfrey Malins 17,626 43.5 -3.5
Liberal Democrat Mrs Linda F. Hawkins 3,728 9.2 -6.8
Majority 1,527 3.8 -6.3
Turnout 40,507 70.1 +0.8
Labour gain from Conservative Swing +6.9

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Croydon North West
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Humfrey Malins 18,665 47.0 4.7
Labour Malcolm Wicks 14,677 37.0 12.8
Liberal L.A. Rowe 6,363 16.0 -15.9
Majority 3,988 10.0
Turnout 39,705
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1983: Croydon North West
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Humfrey Malins 16,674 42.3
Liberal Bill Pitt 12,582 31.9
Labour Ian Smedley 9,561 24.2
National Front Nick Griffin 336 0.9
Ecology Tim A.J. Rowe 286 0.7
Majority 4,092 10.4
Turnout 39,439
Conservative hold Swing
By-election 1981: Croydon North West
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Bill Pitt 13,800 40.0 29.5
Conservative John Butterfill 10,546 30.5 -18.9
Labour Stanley Boden 8,967 26.0 -14.1
National Front Nick Griffin 429 1.2
Independent Pro-Life Marilyn Gillies Carr 340 1.0
Ecology John Foster 155 0.4
Constitutional Movement Suzan McKenzie 111 0.3
Disabled War Pensioners Association Lawrence Brooks 81 0.2
Democratic Monarchist, Public Safety, White Resident Bill Boaks 51 0.1
Family Law Reform Party George Major 31 0.1
London Federation of Self-Employed Josef Joseph 20 0.1
Anti-Common Market - Free Trade Stephen Done 11 0.0
Majority 3,254 9.5
Turnout 34,542 62.5 -10
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1979: Croydon North West
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Robert George Taylor 19,928 49.4
Labour Stanley John Boden 16,159 40.1
Liberal William Henry Pitt 4,239 10.5
Majority 3,769
Turnout 40,326 72.5
Conservative hold Swing
General Election October 1974: Croydon North West
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Robert George Taylor 16,035 41.97
Labour Stanley John Boden 14,556 38.10
Liberal William Henry Pitt 6,563 17.18
National Front Peter John Holland 1,049 2.75
Majority 1,479 3.87
Turnout 69.24
Conservative hold Swing
General Election February 1974: Croydon North West
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Robert George Taylor 17,887 42.18
Labour Stanley John Boden 14,816 34.94
Liberal William Henry Pitt 9,707 22.89
Majority 3,071 7.24
Turnout 77.45
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1970: Croydon North West
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Robert George Taylor 19,260 49.9
Labour Stanley John Boden 14,687 38.04
Liberal R.E.J. Banks 4,666 12.08
Majority 4,573 11.84
Turnout 67.66
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1966: Croydon North West
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Frederic Walter Harris 18,578 45.39
Labour Michael J Stewart 15,882 38.81
Liberal Ronald E J Banks 6,466 15.80
Majority 2,696 6.59
Turnout 74.35
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1964: Croydon North West
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Frederic Walter Harris 19,577 46.90
Labour J.A.P. Palmer 13,967 33.46
Liberal Ronald E J Banks 8,201 19.65
Majority 5,610 13.44
Turnout 74.38
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1959: Croydon North West
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Fred Harris 25,111 54.79
Labour David W. Chalkley 14,658 31.98
Liberal Miss Ivy E Thurston 6,061 13.22
Majority 10,453 22.81
Turnout 78.78
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1955: Croydon North West
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Fred Harris 26,297 56.9
Labour Ronald Huzzard 15,760 34.1
Liberal Miss Ivy E Thurston 4,139 9.0
Majority 10,537 22.8
Turnout 46,196
Conservative hold Swing

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "UK General Election results April 1992". Election 1992. Political Science Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 December 2010. 

Sources[edit]

Coordinates: 51°23′N 0°07′W / 51.39°N 0.11°W / 51.39; -0.11